In Pictures: The muddy and bloody battle in the fields of western France

Activists have clashed with police in the fields of western France for two days as authorities try to clear out a protest camp on the site of the abandoned Notre-Dame-des-Landes airport project.

In Pictures: The muddy and bloody battle in the fields of western France
All photos: AFP

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Police continued to clear activists on Tuesday from the decade-old camp at Notre-Dame-des-Landes, near the western city of Nantes where authoritis had planned to build an airport.
It marked the second day of clashes between the protesters and police after some 2,500 police were deployed to raze the decade-old camp at
Notre-Dame-des-Landes, near the western city of Nantes, and evict the last of the protesters who had refused to leave despite the government agreeing to ditch the proposed airport.
The activists used tractors and burning barricades of tyres, wooden pallets, hay bales and electricity poles to try to keep the police at bay.
Several police and protesters have been injured. Three gendarmes had to be taken to hospital on Tuesday. There were also reports of activists firing 
AFP pictures on Tuesday showed hooded activists throwing objects at police, who were using tear gas to control the crowd.
Here's a look at the muddy and increasingly bloody battle.
The tweet below shows all the tear gas cannisters fired by police that have been gathered up by protesters.
Monday saw similar scenes as police used bulldozers to knock down squats where the activists had been living. 
The activists moved onto the site in 2008 and have since built up a community they bill as a model of sustainable farming and political debate that they have tried to replicate in other parts of France.


Fresh clashes as anti-capitalists attempt to rebuild French protest camp

Police said hundreds of activists attacked officers on Sunday ahead of a peaceful rally to protest the forced closure of an anti-capitalist camp in western France.

Fresh clashes as anti-capitalists attempt to rebuild French protest camp
Photo: AFP

A week of clashes erupted on Monday when police launched an eviction  operation at Notre-Dames-des-Landes camp, near the city of Nantes, set up 10  years ago to fight plans for a new airport.

Officers were attacked by around 300 protestors, some armed with molotov  cocktails, who attempted to gain access to rebuild squats at the camp on 
Sunday morning, police said.

Two people were arrested and one officer was wounded. 

Around 3,000 to 4,000 people later flocked to the site to take part in a  peaceful rally defending the camp, police added.


General Richard Lizurey, director general of the French Gendarmerie, said  the operation to clear the camp had been undermined by the presence of “the 
far-left” including “black bloc” protesters, the black-clad demonstrators who often clash with police at demonstrations around the world.

A similar rally on Saturday, attended by around 6,700 people, spilled on to  the streets of Nantes where windows were broken, police said.  

About 2,500 officers have been deployed to the site and 29 squats destroyed since Monday.

Many protesters have been equipped with gas masks, molotov cocktails,  makeshift shields and racquets they used to knock back police tear gas  cannisters during days of clashes. 


Spring deadline

Dominique Fresneau, co-president of Acipa, the protest movement, called for  calm on both sides, adding that violence delays talks. 

According to a medical team set up at the activists' camp, at least 148  protesters have been injured since Monday.

Activists opposed to plans to build a new airport near the city of Nantes  first began squatting on the farmland in 2008, and the camp grew into a 
sprawling 1,600-hectare (4,000-acre) settlement billed as a utopian leftist  farming community.

But the government announced in January that it was calling off plans for  the airport and warned the squatters that they must clear off the land by spring. 

The week-long battle echoes a failed attempt to clear the camp in 2012.

The activists are furious at police damage to their shelters and farming  projects including a sheep shed and cheese-making area, saying they had been  in talks with local officials on maintaining many of the projects.

The government had said activists could stay on the land if they came up  with individual farming schemes but most refused, saying they want to run the site collectively and be able to pursue non-agricultural projects.

Local authorities say 16 of the encampments dotting the farmland were  cleared in the first two days of the operation, 15 of them demolished.

The plan is to dismantle up to 40 as authorities seek to retake control of  a key road running through the area that has been blocked for five years.