Is the city of Rennes really the best place to live in France?

The Breton capital of Rennes has topped yet another table as the best city in France to live in. But does the western city really deserve its numerous accolades...and why?

Is the city of Rennes really the best place to live in France?
Place Saint-Anne in Rennes. Photo: TouN/Wikicommons
Rennes jumped from seventh position to first in the annual list of the best places to live in France (except Paris) by French newspaper L'Express.
But this is certainly no novelty win for the Breton city. 
The Brittany capital has been nominated as the best city for quality of life by numerous polls, including The Local's 2016 quality of life survey when it took first place for the best city in France for foreigners to live in. 
And for the L'Express's ranking, the city claimed the topspot after scoring highly in several categories including environment, education, property prices, healthcare and security. 
“Rennes has something to offer to everybody: arts, food, sports, culture, parties, urban life, country life,” Philippe Henri Max Laporte, who moved to the city two years ago for a masters degree and decided to stay, told The Local.  
“In spite of its small size, Rennes has everything a big city would offer,” he added. 
Here's what you need to know about what this much-lauded French city has to offer. 
The basics
Known for its traditional half-timbered houses (see photo below), Rennes is the capital of France's Brittany region, as well as the Ille-et-Vilaine department in northwest France.
Pleasing on the eye, this historic city dates back more than 2,000 years to the days when it was a small Gallic village named Condate.
The city was the parliamentary and administrative hub of France from the early sixteenth century until the French Revolution and its importance has been on the rise once again since the 1950s, thanks in part to the city's buzzing industry.  
Today it has a population of about 700,000 inhabitants.
The half-timbered houses of Rennes. Photo: Sokoljan/Wikicommons
Great outdoors
Now we know a bit about the city's history, what's everyday life like in Rennes?
Well, in terms of environment, it's no wonder Rennes, which is just a one hour's drive away from the stunning French port city of St Malo, as well as many other scenic spots on the northern Brittany coast, pushed ahead of the competition. 
And it would be understandable if les Rennais rarely felt the need to get out of the city, with the capital of the Brittany region ranking among France's greenest cities, with a whopping 42 m² of green space per inhabitant, compared to the national average of 31 m². 
The stunning Parc du Thabor alone should be enough to win over nature lovers, but if not there are 59 other city parks to explore as well as community gardens for those looking to flex their green fingers. 
And the city's cultural offering also seems to be a part of Rennes life which its residents are in no doubt over. 
Rennes has everything to offer “from 'classical' culture through the museum of fine arts, presenting high end ancient artworks and exhibitions of great quality, the opera house or the Orchestra of Brittany that both strive to make their concerts available to everyone,” said Laporte.
On top of that the city's landmarks are certainly something to be envied, with Rennes boasting architectural gems such as the Saint-Germain church, the Brittany parliament which dates back to the 17th century and was recently restored and there's even a modern highlight in the shape of an apartment building designed by superstar French architect Jean Nouvel.
And for any foodies out there, its blossoming gastronomic scene has also been praised, with the Rennes tourist board calling the city France's “new face of gastronomy”. 
Opera de Rennes. Photo: Frédéric BISSON/Flickr
Student life 
Locals aside, the city has also long been a draw for France's student population. 
In fact Rennes welcomes a whopping 65,000 students plus from all over France each year — more than a quarter of its population.
And naturally this has an effect on the atmosphere of the city. 
“Rennes has a strong student population which gives the city such a young and vibrant feel,” Nelia Fahloun who lives in Rennes told The Local. 

Unsurprisingly the large number of students ensures that Rennes — a small city compared to its competitors — punches above its weight in terms of nightlife. 
“The nightlife is also a big aspect of this city,” resident Laporte said. “The most famous street is the Rue Saint Michel nicknamed Rue de la Soif (or 'Street of Thirst') for all its bars settled in old 16th century houses.”
Although he added that this can be a downside for people living in popular drinking areas. 
Getting around (and out of) the city
The compact city center in Rennes is easily walkable, and nightmarish traffic jams like those in Paris and Marseille are nowhere to be found. 
Eric Beaty, Economic and Commercial Attaché at the US consulate in Rennes for 16 years has praised the “efficient” and “quite inexpensive” Metro system.
“Somebody can live in the city and not need a car,” he told The Local previously. 
In The Local's 2016 study, Rennes beat out several major cities, including Paris when it came to the quality of public transport which was based on several factors including bicycle paths and the number of residents served by public transport.
And thanks to the new high-speed trains from Paris-Rennes launched in July last year which reduced journey times between the cities from 2h04 to 1h25 a day trip to the capital is easy too. 
A high speed train passes near the Rennes-Paris highway in Laval. Photo: AFP

The rent culture of the city's ranked by L'Express also played a part in quality of life.
And this is yet another great perk to living in Rennes.
It can be hard to justify paying €1,000 a month to live in a 6m² studio (also known as a closet) with a shared bathroom in Paris when you can live in relative luxury in Rennes for only €470 (according to recent figures). 
As part of the L'Express ranking, Rennes was also ranked France's second best city for work, with only Nantes coming out in front. 
At the end of 2017, Rennes had an unemployment rate of 7.1 percent compared to a nationwide unemployment rate of 9 percent.
And in 2015, Rennes was ranked as the best mid-sized city in France for starting a business, thanks in large part to the high quality of training the city's universities offer and the “eco-system” for creating a business, which includes the low jobless rate.
Okay, Rennes sounds great…
But is it really the best place to live in France?
According to experts (even those living in Rennes) it's important to put the L'Express ranking and others in perspective. 
“We must take these rankings for what they are worth,” Patrick le Floch, economist at the University of Rennes told French local newspaper Ouest France.
“The more a city has a good image, is dynamic, attractive, the more it attracts investors. Ranking derives from attractiveness and attractiveness arises from ranking.”
Still, there's no doubt that Rennes certainly has a lot to offer anyone who's ready to ditch the capital for the charms of a smaller city. 


Rennes the best city for foreigners in France: A look at the data

The Local has tried to determine what city in France is the best for foreigners to live in in terms of quality of life. Here's a look at the data behind it.

Rennes the best city for foreigners in France: A look at the data
Photo: AFP

Which city in France is the best for foreigners to live in, when it comes to all-round quality of life?


By our calculations it was Rennes, in Brittany. Before you ask where Paris came, the answer is fifth.


The full list of categories we looked at were: International air links, rail links, average monthly rent, unemployment rate, hours of annual sunshine, nightlife, distance to the beach, number of Michelin restaurants, best or easiest accent to understand, number of cultural sites/activities, greenest city, air quality, percentage of singles in the city, number of regional or national parks within two hours drive, and quality of public transport.


Full rankings: 

Rennes: 128

Nantes: 122

Bordeaux: 120

Toulouse: 115

Paris: 114

Lyon: 111

Montpellier: 107

Nice: 104

Grenoble: 102

Lille: 101

Marseille: 92

Clermont-Ferrand: 91

Strasbourg: 87

For each category we looked at an existing study and ranked the cities from 13 for the best down to one for the worst.

In some cases there were ties so the cities received the same points.


1. Air links

Number of international flight destinations

(All official airport websites)


13: Paris: 312, 2 international airports, plus Beauvais

12: Bordeaux: 126

11: Nantes: 90

10: Lyon: 84

9: Nice: 75

8: Toulouse: 66

7: Marseille: 64

6: Rennes: 59

5: Lille: 33

4: Montpellier: 20

3: Strasbourg: 13

2: Grenoble: 11

1: Clermont-Ferrand: 5 (no English-speaking countries)


2. Rail links

TGV line, journey time/number of trains to Paris daily

(Worked out from the SNCF website)

13: Paris: Obviously Paris has the best rail links in the country, serving national and international destinations.

12: Lille: TGV, 1 hr to Paris, 24 per day

11: Lyon: TGV, 2hrs to Paris, 29 per day

10: Rennes: TGV , 2 hrs 15 mins to Paris, 26 per day

9: Nantes: TGV, 2 hrs 15 mins to Paris, 22 per day

8: Strasbourg: TGV, 2.5 hrs to Paris, 16 per day

7: Bordeaux: TGV, 3 hrs 15 mins to Paris, 33 per day

6: Marseille: TGV, 3.5 hrs to Paris, 21 per day

5: Grenoble: TGV, 3 hrs to Paris, 9 per day

4: Montpellier: TGV, 3.5 hrs to Paris, 16 per day

3: Nice: TGV, 5.5 hrs to Paris, 12 per day

2: Toulouse: TGV, around 6 hours to Paris, 14 per day

1: Clermont-Ferrand: no TGV, 3.5 hrs to Paris, 7 regular trains per day


3. Average Monthly Rent

From the site:

The average monthly rental for a French home is €624 ($678), according to online renting portal LocService.

The stats are based on the 65,500 homes rented out across the country via the website during 2015. Using the same site, here is cheapest to most expensive.


13: Clermont-Ferrand – €462

12: Rennes – €470

11: Nantes – €519

10: Grenoble – €533

9: Lille – €554

8: Toulouse – €581

7: Strasbourg – €591

6: Montpellier – €595

5: Bordeaux – €629

4: Marseille – €630

3: Lyon – €654

2: Nice – €685

1: Paris: €1,014


4. Best place to work/unemployment rate




Unemployment rate by city with data from last three months of 2015


13: Rennes: 8.0 percent

12: Grenoble: 8.3 percent

11: Nantes: 8.4 percent

10: Clermont-Ferrand – 8.7 percent

9: Paris: 8.8 percent

8. Lyon: 9.2 percent

7: Bordeaux: 10 percent

6: Strasbourg: 10.3 percent

6: Toulouse: 10.3 percent

4: Nice 10.6 percent

3: Lille: 10.9 percent

2: Marseille: 12.6 percent

1: Montpellier: 13.2 percent


5. Hours of sunshine (best to worst)


13: Marseille – 2,858

12: Nice – 2,724

11: Montpellier – 2,668

10: Grenoble – 2,066

9: Bordeaux – 2,035

8: Toulouse – 2,031

7: Lyon -2,002

6: Clermont-Ferrand – 1,913

5: Nantes – 1,791

4: Rennes – 1,717

3: Strasbourg – 1,693

2: Paris – 1,662

1: Lille – 1,617


6. Best nightlife


Study by, based on bars in, Number of inhabitants per bar


13: Clermont-Ferrand: 1401

12: Lille: 1440

11: Rennes: 1670

10: Bordeaux: 1672

9: Grenoble: 1691

8: Nantes: 1727

7: Lyon: 1767

6: Paris: 1964

5: Montpellier: 2237

4: Strasbourg: 2405

3: Nice: 2454

2: Marseille: 2492

1: Toulouse: 2614


7. Kilometres to the coast (best to worst)

13: Nice – 0 km (one of two coastal cities, but much better beaches)

12: Marseille – 0 km (bad beaches)

11: Montpellier – 8 km to the south

10: Nantes – 43km to Pornic on the west coast.

9: Bordeaux – 50 km to the west coast

8: Rennes – 54 km to Cherrueix on the north coast

7: Lille – 62 km to Bray-Dunes on north coast (special mention: 61 km to De Panne, in Belgium!)

6: Toulouse – 140 km to the south

5: Paris: 150 km to north coast, Dieppe

4: Grenoble – 209 km to Cannes, south coast

3: Clermont-Ferrand – 259 km to the south coast

2: Lyon – 260 km to the south coast

1: Strasbourg – 488 km to the northern coast


8. Number of Michelin-starred restaurants


13: Paris: 92

12: Lyon: 15

11: Marseille: 6

11: Strasbourg: 6

9: Clermont-Ferrand: 4

9: Nice: 4

7: Toulouse: 3

7: Bordeaux: 3

5: Montpellier: 2

4: Nantes: 1

4: Lille: 1

4: Rennes: 1

1: Grenoble: 0


9. Best accent

We worked this out by a combination of two studies or rankings that we accept are by no means watertight.


13: Toulouse – First on Topito (12 percent), 70.2 percent on Parship thought charming

12: Nice – Provencal accent scored second on Topito (10 percent)

11: Nantes – Breton accent scored third on topito breton, and 26 percent on Parship found it “intelligent”

11: Rennes- Breton accent scored third on topito breton, and 26 percent on Parship found it “intelligent”

9: Paris – Fourth on Topito (8 percent)

8: Clermont-Ferrand (No info from the 2 studies) Neutral

8: Bordeaux (No info from the 2 studies) Neutral

8: Grenoble (No info from the 2 studies) Neutral

8: Montpellier (No info from the 2 studies) Similar to Marseille?

4: Strasbourg – Alsacien, 8th

3: Lyon – ninth topito

2: Lille 5th topito, 74 percent find Chti funny

1: Marseille 72.2 of Parship thought it was funny.


10. Cultural sites and activities

Trip Advisor “Sights and Landmarks” + Museums

Museums, churches, cathedrals, sacred/religious sites, historic sites, monuments/statues, cemeteries, castles

13: Paris: 628

12: Nice: 87

11: Marseille: 83

10: Lyon: 80

9: Bordeaux: 71

8: Strasbourg: 69

7: Toulouse: 54

6: Lille: 49

5: Montpellier: 37

4: Nantes: 36

3: Grenoble: 23

2: Rennes: 20

2: Clermont-Ferrand: 20


11. Greenest city

Green space per inhabitant. Green space data from tourism websites, INSEE population data


On average, France’s big cities have:

– 31 m² of green space per inhabitant

– 11 trees per hectare (but only 0.2 trees per inhabitant)

– Average green space budget per inhabitant: €47

– on average, invest 1.2 % of budget on green space


13: Rennes:  8,680,000 m², 207,178 inhabitants, 42 m²

12: Nantes: 34 m²

11: Bordeaux: 25 m²

10: Toulouse: 7,600,000 m², 441,802 inhabitants, 17 m²

9: Grenoble: 2,350,000 m², 155,637 inhabitants, 15 m²

9: Strasbourg: 4,000,000 m², 271,782 inhabitants, 15 m²

9: Montpellier:  3,930,000 m², 257,351 inhabitants, 15 m²

6: Lille: 12 m²

5: Clermont-Ferrand: 1,500,000 m², 139,860 inhabitants, 11 m²

4: Lyon: 4,360,000 m², 484,344 inhabitants, 9 m²

4: Nice: 3,000,000 m², 343 304 inhabitants, 9 m²

2: Marseille: 6,400,000 m², 850,726 inhabitants, 7.5 m²

1: Paris: 9,950,000 m², 2,243,833 inhabitants, 4 m²


12. Proximity to regional and national parks

Google Maps – within 2 hour’s drive

13: Paris: 6: Haute Vallée Chevreuse, Oise Pays-de-France, Vexin Francais, Gatinais Francais, Montagne de Reims, Perche

13: Lyon: 6: Pilat, Chartreuse, Massif des Bauges, Livradois Forez, Vercors, Ecrins

13: Montpellier: 6: Cevennes, Grands Causses, Camargue, Haut Languedoc, Narbonnaise, Alpilles

10: Grenoble: 5: Chartreuse, Écrins, Vercors, Vanoise, Pilat

10: Marseille: 5: Calanques, Verdon, Luberon, Alpilles, Camargue

8: Clermont-Ferrand: 4: Volcans d’Auvergne, Livradois Foret, Millevaches, Cevennes

8: Toulouse: 4: Haute Languedoc, Causses de Quercy, Pyrenées Ariegeoises, Narbonnaise

8: Lille: 4: Scarpe-Escaut, Avesnois, Caps et Marais, Oise Pays de France

5: Strasbourg: 3: Ballons des Vosges, Vosges du Nord, Lorraine

4: Nantes: 2: Briere, Loire Anjou Touraine,

4: Nice: 2: Mercantour, Verdon

4: Rennes: 2: Brieres, Normandie-Maine

1: Bordeaux: 1: Parc naturel régional des Landes de Gascogne


13. Air Quality

13: Nice: 5 (ranking)

13: Montpellier: 5

11: Toulouse: 7

10: Strasbourg: 11

9: Nantes: 15

8: Rennes: 18

7: Clermont-Ferrand: 19

6: Bordeaux: 21

5: Marseille: 22

4: Paris: 26

3: Grenoble: 28

2: Lyon: 29

1: Lille: 30


14. Most singles


13: Lille

12: Rennes

11: Toulouse

10: Bordeaux

9: Montpellier

8: Grenoble

7: Nantes

6: Lyon

5: Paris

4: Clermont-Ferrand

3: Strasbourg

2: Nice

2: Marseille


15. Best public transport

Unfortunately Paris was not included in the study so we gave the city the average score, based on the fact the transport is clearly good, but is beset with problems. Just ask commuters on the RER trains. Once the Grand Paris comes into existence then the rankings may change.

13: Lyon

12: Lille

11: Toulouse

10: Rennes

9: Bordeaux

8: Grenoble

7: Paris

6: Nantes

5: Strasbourg

4: Marseille


2: Nice

1: Clermont-Ferrand