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Why did Paris fall out of love with the poodle?

The poodle on a lead held by an elegant Parisian woman was long a stereotypical image of the French capital. But today the breed is rarely seen on the city’s streets. Rory Mulholland finds out why they have disappeared and asks can they make a comeback.

Why did Paris fall out of love with the poodle?
A toy poodle is paraded at a dog show. Photo: AFP
It’s a bitterly cold December morning as Pascal Viot (see below) takes his poodle Clovis for a walk.
 
Ten-year-old Clovis pulls enthusiastically on the lead as his master heads down Boulevard Raspail in the 6th arrondissement of Paris.
 
Passing tourists turn and smile, and one woman stops to pat the dog and declare: “He’s magnificent. Such dignity!”
 
“This sort of thing happens every single time I take him out,” says 75-year-old Mr Viot, who owns a restaurant called the Hippocampus on the same boulevard.
 
One reason Clovis attracts so much attention is that there are so few of his kind left in Paris, a city once awash with prancing poodles led by bourgeois ladies in fur coats and high heels.
 
Pascal Viot says his poodle Clovis is 'highly intelligent and good-natured'
 
One long-time American resident of the French capital, Michael Balter, recalls that when he arrived there in the 1980s, there were poodles everywhere, in rich and poorer districts alike.
 
“The person on the other end of the leash was more often than not an elderly lady (sounds sexist but it was true) putting on bourgeois airs and acting like a stereotypical uptight French madame of a couple of generations back,” he said.
 
“These ladies were also mostly responsible for the amazing amount of dog shit that used to grace the sidewalks of La Ville Lumière,” said Balter.
 
But today poodles, the world’s best-known French dog breed that were initially used for hunting ducks, have fallen massively out of favour in their native land.
 
France’s current favourite dog is the Belgian Shepherd, a close cousin of the German Shepherd, which is the country’s second most favoured dog, according to figures from the Société Centrale Canine (SCC) the equivalent of the Kennel Club in Britain or the United States.
 
The poodle doesn’t even figure in the top twenty most popular dogs. And poodle cross breeds, such as the Cockapoo (poodle mixed with Cocker Spaniel), or the Labradoodle (poodle mixed with Labrador), are not common in France.

 
 
Opera star Maria Callas with her pet poodles in a Paris airport in 1966. Photo: AFP
 
The SCC only has statistics for pedigree dogs and was unable to say how many impure poodles there might be among the estimated 7.3 million mutts in France (Labradors are anecdotally said to be the most popular non-pedigree dogs.)
 
But its stats on pedigree poodles – which are called “caniches” in French and officially come in four different sizes – are sobering for admirers of the breed that was much loved in royal courts long before it fell into the hands of the bourgeoisie.
 
In 2016, a mere 1,294 poodle births were registered with the SCC, compared to 11,267 Belgian Shepherd births.
 
So why have they fallen out of favour in France, the country that produced the breed (although there are some dissenters, including the UK Kennel Club, who say it has its origin in Germany where it was known as the Pudelhund)?
 
The answer may simply be that poodles were the victims of bad press.
 
The owner of Clovis, Mr Viot, describes his dog as “docile, intelligent, good-natured and very loyal.”
 
That fits in with the breed’s description in Wikipedia, which we must assume is unbiased and not in hock to any pro- or anti-poodle lobby. It says they are a “highly intelligent, energetic, and sociable breed.”
 
They are listed as the second smartest breed in the world – the Border Collie took the top place – in a ranking established by Stanley Coren, a professor of canine psychology at the University of British Columbia.
 
And they are still enormously popular abroad.
 
But some French poodle owners The Local talked to said that, during the breed’s peak in popularity towards the end of the last century, greedy and unscrupulous breeders overproduced and flooded the market with dogs of lesser quality, given to biting, barking, and fits of bad temper.
 
Christophe Blanchard, a sociologist at Paris XIII university, has written a book on the French and their their dogs, “Les maîtres expliqués à leurs chiens. Essai de sociologie canine” (Masters explained to their dogs. An essay in canine sociology.)
 
He says that every era his its trendy dog but that today the poodle “is not at all chic.”
 
“It’s social image immediately makes one think of old people,” he said, noting that trendy women in Paris these days go for chihuahuas or bulldogs.

 
 
Photo: AFP
 
The use of the word poodle as an insult – think of Tony Blair accused of being George Bush’s poodle – does not help the overall image. The French word “caniche” can also be used in this context.
 
Poodles in popular culture are usually depicted as spoiled, snobby, and vain, and their owners get tarred with the same fussy and frivolous brush.
 
Toby Rose, who organises the annual Palm Dog awards for the best on-screen mutts at the Cannes Film Festival, agreed that the “cutely coiffed poodle is a symbol of outmoded femininity.”
 
“Sadly the beautifully groomed poodle is seen as harking back to a more demure era and thus a fashion fail,” he said.
 
The Local contacted the Club du Caniche de France, the national poodle club, to see if they could shed light on the question of why the breed has fallen from grace.
 
Its president, whose telephone manner fitted with the rather negative perceptions of poodle owners listed above, could merely agree that tastes in fashion had moved on and that the poodle was no longer de rigueur for French ladies who lunch.
 
Could it make a comeback?
 
Mr Blanchard, the canine sociologist, says that is unlikely any time soon unless poodles were the heroes of a blockbuster film like 101 Dalmations (which features a supercilious poodle with an equally snooty mistress) that could thrust them back into the limelight.

 
(Photo: Depositphotos)
 
It was a poodle called Bruno that won the Palm Dog award this year, but that triumph will do little to improve the public image of the breed.
 
The dog trips up his owner, played by Dustin Hoffman, and causes him serious head injuries.
 
And the owner, living up to the stereotypes of the poodle master, is both cantankerous and pretentious.

 

 

READER INSIGHTS

‘Painful’ – is Paris Charles de Gaulle airport really that bad?

Following a survey that said Paris Charles de Gaulle airport was the best in Europe, we asked Local readers what they thought...

'Painful' - is Paris Charles de Gaulle airport really that bad?

Recently, Paris Charles de Gaulle was voted the best airport in Europe by passengers.

The 2022 World Airport Awards, based on customer satisfaction surveys between September 2021 and May 2022, listed the best airport on the planet as Doha, while Paris’s main airport came in at number 6 – the highest entry for a European airport – one place above Munich. 

READ ALSO Paris Charles de Gaulle voted best airport in Europe by passengers

Given CDG’s long-standing reputation doesn’t quite match what the World Airport Awards survey said – in 2009 it was rated the second-worst airport in the world, while in 2011 US site CNN judged it “the most hated airport in the world” – we wondered how accurate the survey could be.

So we asked readers of The Local for their opinion on their experience of Europe’s ‘best’ airport. 

Contrary to the World Airport Awards study, users erred towards the negative about the airport. A total 30.8 percent of Local readers – who had travelled through the airport in recent months – thought it was ‘terrible’, while another 33.3 percent agreed that it was ‘not great’ and had ‘some problems’.

But in total 12.8 percent of those who responded to our survey thought the airport was ‘brilliant’, and another 23.1 percent thought it ‘fine’, with ‘no major problems’.

So what are the problems with it?

Signage 

One respondent asked a simple – and obvious – question: “Why are there so many terminal twos?”

Barney Lehrer added: “They should change the terminal number system.”

In fact, signage and directions – not to mention the sheer size of the place – were common complaints, as were onward travel options. 

Christine Charaudeau told us: “The signage is terrible. I’ve often followed signs that led to nowhere. Thankfully, I speak French and am familiar with the airport but for first time travellers … yikes!”

Edwin Walley added that it was, “impossible to get from point A to point B,”  as he described the logistics at the airport as the “worst in the world”.

And James Patterson had a piece of advice taken from another airport. “The signage could be better – they could take a cue from Heathrow in that regard.”

Anthony Schofield said: “Arriving by car/taxi is painful due to congestion and the walk from the skytrain to baggage claim seems interminable.”

Border control

Border control, too, was a cause for complaint. “The wait at the frontière is shameful,” Linda, who preferred to use just her first name, told us. “I waited one and a half hours standing, with a lot of old people.”

Sharon Dubble agreed. She wrote: “The wait time to navigate passport control and customs is abysmal!”

Deborah Mur, too, bemoaned the issue of, “the long, long wait to pass border control in Terminal E, especially at 6am after an overnight flight.”

Beth Van Hulst, meanwhile, pulled no punches with her estimation of border staff and the airport in general. “[It] takes forever to go through immigration, and staff deserve their grumpy reputation. Also, queuing is very unclear and people get blocked because the airport layout is not well designed.”

Jeff VanderWolk highlighted the, “inadequate staffing of immigration counters and security checkpoints”, while Karel Prinsloo had no time for the brusque attitudes among security and border personnel. “Officers at customs are so rude. I once confronted the commander about their terrible behaviour.  His response said it all: ‘We are not here to be nice’. Also the security personnel.”

Connections

One of the most-complained-about aspects is one that is not actually within the airport’s control – public transport connections.  

Mahesh Chaturvedula was just one of those to wonder about integrated travel systems in France, noting problems with the reliability of onward RER rail services, and access to the RER network from the terminal.

The airport is connected to the city via RER B, one of the capital’s notoriously slow and crowded suburban trains. Although there are plans to create a new high-speed service to the airport, this now won’t begin until after the 2024 Olympics.

Sekhar also called for, “more frequent trains from SNCF to different cities across France with respect to the international flight schedules.”

The good news

But it wasn’t all bad news for the airport, 35 percent of survey respondents said the airport had more positives than negatives, while a Twitter poll of local readers came out in favour of Charles de Gaulle.

Conceding that the airport is “too spread out”, Jim Lockard said it, “generally operates well; [and has] decent amenities for food and shopping”.

Declan Murphy was one of a number of respondents to praise the, “good services and hotels in terminals”, while Dean Millar – who last passed through Charles de Gaulle in October – said the, “signage is very good. [It is] easy to find my way around”.

He added: “Considering the size (very large) [of the airport] it is very well done.  So no complaints at all.”

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