The announcement comes after the underwhelming box-office take for Besson's science-fiction spectacular “Valerian and the City of a Thousand Planets” last summer.
Although the film brought in more than $225 million, a poor performance in the huge US market left Besson's EuropaCorp struggling to make up for its $177 million it cost to produce — an astronomical sum for a French production.
Besson, who is working on a pilot for a proposed US police drama, took back direct control of the studio earlier this month, replacing CEO Marc Shmuger, a veteran of Sony Pictures.
EuropaCorp said it was examining a recapitalisation or a debt restructuring “given the cost of debt and maturity of its credit lines.”
It will also weigh cost cuts and the sale of assets in areas such as post-production or its film catalogue.
EuropaCorp said it would aim to produce two to three English-language feature films each year, and two French language films.
Besson, whose titles include the suave thrillers “Nikita” and “Leon: The Professional”, created the studio in 1999 and it long raked in profits from producing hits like “The Transporter” and “Taken”.
But the “Valerian” misfire hit the studio hard after a record loss of €120 million ($143 million) in its full year to March 31, 2017.
Last year the Chinese production house Fundamental Films invested €60 million in the studio, becoming its second-largest shareholder.