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OBITUARY

French film legend and Nazi ‘collaborator’ Danielle Darrieux dies aged 100

Danielle Darrieux, one of France's most enduring and glamorous film stars despite her wartime collaboration with the Germans, has died aged 100 at her home near Paris, her partner said Thursday.

French film legend and Nazi 'collaborator' Danielle Darrieux dies aged 100
Photos: AFP
She became unwell “recently after a little fall”, Jacques Jenvrin told AFP.
   
With her smouldering good looks and sulky pout, Darrieux became a huge international star in the 1930s, playing opposite Douglas Fairbanks Jr in the Hollywood romance “The Rage of Paris” in 1938.
   
But her decision to keep working after the Nazis occupied France, and to star in movies made by the studio set up by their propaganda chief Joseph Goebbels, saw her branded as a collaborationist.
   
However, Darrieux later said that she was forced to take part in a notorious publicity tour to Berlin in 1942 so she could free her husband, the playboy and diplomat Porfirio Rubirosa, who had been interned by the Nazis as a spy.
   
She left the German-backed studio after he was freed and went into hiding under a false name.
   
Three years after the war ended she returned to great acclaim in a string of striking roles in Max Ophuls' “La Ronde”, “Madame de” (“The Earrings of Madame de”) and playing the Queen of Spain in “Ruy Blas” by Jean Cocteau.
   
Whatever doubts that lingered about her wartime activities were brushed aside by her searing performance in the title role of “Marie-Octobre”, a 1959 thriller about the survivors of a French Resistance network who try to discover who betrayed their murdered leader.
   
Darrieux — who died on Tuesday — was still working at 99, and lent her voice for the grandmother in Marjane Satrapi's 2007 animated hit “Persepolis”.
  
“I went to the studio like one goes to school, I was lazy and I remained so,” she once said of a life spent on set, which began in the comedy “Le Bal” when she was only 14.
   
She was far from lazy, however, going on to act in more than 140 films and television dramas over the next eight decades.
   
They including some of the best-loved French postwar films, and she struck up a particular rapport with Jacques Demy, appearing in his “Les Demoiselles de Rochefort” as the mother and “Une chambre en ville” in 1982.

OBITUARY

French billionaire Serge Dassault dies aged 93

One of France's richest men, Serge Dassault, died on Monday after suffering a suspected heart attack, his family said. He was 93.

French billionaire Serge Dassault dies aged 93
Serge Dassault. Photo: AFP
Dassault, head of aviation, media and software giant Dassault Group, was a titan of the French business world who served as a right-wing senator and a scandal-plagued mayor of a town south of the capital.
   
France's third wealthiest person in 2016 — with a net worth estimated by Forbes magazine at $14.8 billion (12.7 billion euros) — died in his Paris office on the Champs-Elysees on Monday afternoon, his family said.
   
Dassault is best known as the principal stakeholder of Dassault Aviation, which has made a series of famed French planes, including the Falcon business jet, the Mirage fighter and the country's most cutting-edge military jet, the Rafale.
 
“France has a lost a man who dedicated his life to developing a jewel of French industry,” French President Emmanuel Macron said in a statement that came amid a flurry of tributes. 
   
Nicolas Sarkozy, whom Dassault strongly backed when as France's president, paid tribute to a “friend” who he said was a “visionary able to anticipate the 
world to come without losing the meaning of the present.”
   
Dassault, a workaholic who is survived by four children and his wife Nicole, also owned France's biggest-selling right-wing newspaper, Le Figaro.
 
Serge Dassault (C) with Nicolas Sarkozy (R) in 2005. Photo: AFP
 
Wealth from war
 
The Dassault family's business empire was founded by his father Marcel, an aeronautical engineer and celebrated inventor who developed a propeller used in French planes during World War I. 
   
Marcel survived the Buchenwald death camp during World War II after being sent there by occupying Nazi forces because he refused to put his skills at their disposal.
 
Arrested along with the rest of his family by the Gestapo as a teenager, Serge narrowly avoided deportation and would go on to pursue studies at elite French universities before entering the family business in his twenties.
   
He finally succeeded his father after his death in 1986, taking the helm of the family group at the age of 61 when most people are thinking of retiring.
   
Defying opposition from the French government, which doubted that he was up to the task, he developed Dassault at a time of consolidation in the European 
aerospace industry and severe competition from US manufacturers. 
   
The Rafale plane, in use in the skies above Iraq and most recently during French strikes on chemical weapons installations in Syria, is considered one of the world's most advanced fighter jets.
 
Photo: AFP
 
Scandals and corruption
 
As well as his business interests, Dassault pursued a political career like his father — leading to scandal.
 
In February this year, he was convicted of tax fraud for hiding millions of euros in Luxembourg, Liechtenstein and the Virgin Islands.
 
Dassault was spared jail because of his advanced age, but he was fined two million euros and barred from holding elected office for five years. 
   
In April 2014, he was also charged with vote-buying, complicity in illegal election campaign financing and exceeding campaign spending limits over his terms as mayor in the Parisian suburb of Corbeil-Essonnes.
   
The case revealed a shocking series of allegations including extortion, cash circulating in plastic bags and even shootings. 
   
Dassault, a social conservative who once called gay marriage “an enormous danger to the country”, was mayor of the town from 1995 to 2009. 
   
In 1998, Dassault received a two-year suspended prison sentence in Belgium for bribing members of the country's Socialist Party to win an army helicopter contract in what became known as the Agusta scandal.
   
His death will lead to speculation over who in the family will succeed him as head of his company.
   
His son Olivier is a rightwing lawmaker in parliament but Dassault has had often strained relations with his offspring — again like his father Marcel who was often harsh with his sons.
   
“When I started in the company I sensed that it irritated him,” Dassault once said of his father in an interview with VSD magazine.
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