Why France’s striking public-sector has so many gripes with Macron

Tens of thousands of French public service workers from teachers to air traffic contollers have downed tools on Tuesday because they have some very real beef with French president Emmanuel Macron and his government.

Why France's striking public-sector has so many gripes with Macron
"That's enough!" Photo: AFP

Nine unions representing 5.4 million French public workers have called for a day of nationwide strikes and demonstrations on Tuesday to show their “profound disagreement” with Macron's bid to transform the country's gargantuan public service.

This is the first time in a decade that all nine public-sector unions have issued a joint strike call.

Here are their chief complaints:

120,000 positions to go

Firstly Macron plans to cut the number of public servants by around 120,000 by 2022.

That sounds like a huge cut but there are currently around 5.4 million public sector workers in France – around one fifth of the active workforce.

Out of the 120,000 public service positions to disappear some 70,000 will be from around France’s local authorities and 50,000 from the central state. The cuts will be carried out by departing staff not being replaced rather than forced redundancies. Nevertheless it's a declaration of war by the government.

Pay freeze

To make matters worse Macron’s government has decided to freeze the “index point” (point d’indice) which public service salaries are based on.

Essentially that means that civil servants won’t see their basic pay rise, which unions argue will see a dramatic loss of their spending power.

However the government points out that salaries can still rise through bonuses and promotions.

Sick pay

And to make matters even worse Macron’s government has decided to cut paid sick leave for public servants.

Currently private sector workers in France who are off sick have to go three days (jours de carence) before their salaries are covered by the social security, but in the public sector, workers do not lose any pay as it is covered from the first day they are off sick.

But to fight against absenteeism the government intends to reintroduce a measure first brought in in 2012 that will see public sector workers lose their pay for the first day of sick leave.

The government reminded unions this week that when it was brought in in 2012 the “jour de carence” saw a 43 percent drop in one day sick leaves among public service workers.

Surely it can’t get any worse?


France's public sector strike: How it will affect you

Rise in salary contributions (taxes)

Yep on top of those gripes mentioned above there is another reason why public sector workers will down tools on Tuesday.

In the 2018 budget the government announced it would hike the CSG social charge, a levy deducted from salaries that goes towards paying for France's social security system, by 1.7 percentage points.

Private sector workers have been promised compensation in the form of cuts to other contributions that the government says will eventually see their pay rise. But the government has not offered the same to public sector workers.

The government insists they will be compensated in a different way but has not made it clear how. Discussions are ongoing.

So add all that up, it explains why for the first time in ten years all of France’s unions representing the public sector are calling on worker to down tools.

To rub salt into their wounds, all these actions come after Macron’s pledge to public sector workers during his election campaign in April: “I will increase your spending power in the same way I will do for private sector workers”.

Laurent Berger, head of the CFDT, France's second-biggest union, told Les Echos business daily: “The government does not seem to have taken the full measure of the deep malaise among civil servants.” 

“They are suffering from being seen merely as a budgetary constraint and not as beneficial,” he said.

Frederic Dabi of the Ifop polling agency said civil servants saw themselves as sacrificial lambs.

After giving Macron their backing in the presidential election “they feel they are being made to pay for the government's policies”, Dabi told AFP.


French customs officers strike over job cuts

Customs officers across France will walk out on Thursday in protest at job cuts that unions say will “weaken the customs network”.

French customs officers strike over job cuts

The national strike on Thursday, March 10th is expected to lead to delays at ports, airports and on the Eurostar.

The strike, which will include a rally outside the National Assembly building in Paris, was called by the CFDT-Douane and has the support of other unions. 

A work-to-rule protest over pay and conditions by customs officers in 2019, under the shadow of Brexit, led to delays and disruption at airports, as well as ports including Calais and Dunkirk, and on Eurostar trains.

Unions are calling on the government to axe plans to switch responsibility for import duty collection to the Direction Générale des Finances Publiques by 2024, at the cost of 700 customs’ officer jobs – and, according to strikers, tens of billions of euros to State coffers.

“We are asking for the reforms to be stopped, mainly that of the transfer of taxation, which is disorganising the network with the elimination of nearly a thousand jobs,” CFDT-Douane’s secretary general David-Olivier Caron said.

The planned job cuts come after years of restructuring and streamlining that has seen thousands of positions disappear, the unions say, when customs fraud and smuggling is rising because of a lack of resources.