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Why are carrots the protest weapon of choice for angry French tobacconists?

French tobacconists once again protested in Paris on Wednesday against the government's plan to hike the price of a packet of cigarettes to €10. But why do they always dump carrots?

Why are carrots the protest weapon of choice for angry French tobacconists?
Photo: AFP

On Wednesday some 1.2 tonnes of carrots are expected to dropped off outside the Ministry of Health in Paris.

This is not a protest by French farmers blasting the influx of British carrots or even an effort to help staff at the ministry see better in the dark, but a protest by French tobacconists, or cigarette sellers.

These tobacconists, known as buralistes in French, regularly use carrot dumping in their protests, just as they did in September 2015 outside the Ministry of Finance to demonstrate their anger at plain packaging, and again on the streets of northern Paris earlier this year to protest the influx of contraband cigarettes.

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But while we can understand their gripes fairly easily, it's a little harder to comprehend their method of protest. A little history lesson can help explain it.

The more simple explanation is that the “carrot” is a reference to the name of the red diamond shaped sign that hangs outside tobacconist shops in France (see pic). In French these are known as “Carotte de tabac”.

Ever since 1906 stores selling tobacco and cigarettes must display a “carrot” on the street outside.

But the story goes back further than that.

In the sixteenth century, before tobacco was sold in nicely packaged packets of 20 or 10, it used to be sold rolled up in leaves a few centimetres long.

Not only did these rolled up leaves have the shape of a carrot, but smokers or chewers of tobacco at the time had to grate the leaves to get to the tobacco.

And that was enough for carrots to become the symbol of tobacconists.

Wednesday’s protests in Paris however will not just involve vegetables.

Hundreds of buralistes staged a go-slow on the A4 motorway near Paris and were due to head to the péripherique ring road around the city, where their action will no doubt lead to traffic misery.

Their gripe is not only the government’s plan to raise the price of a pack of cigarettes to €10 over the coming years, but also the increased competition from the black market.

Tobacconists complain France is being flooded by cigarettes from Spain, where the price of a packet is much cheaper.

Bernard Gasq, the president of Federation of Tobacconists in the Paris region said simply: “The government wants us wiped out.”

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PROTESTS

Students blockade Paris schools in election protest

Students blockaded five schools in Paris on Tuesday to demonstrate their political concerns ahead of the second round of the Presidential elections on Sunday.

Students blockade Paris schools in election protest

In addition to the five blockaded lycées, the université Paris 8 in Saint-Denis was closed “for security reasons”.

The students – who are too young to make their voices heard at the ballot box – were protesting against the options available to voters in the second round – where incumbent Emmanuel Macron takes on far-right leader Marine Le Pen – and follows earlier student protests at the Sorbonne.

Many were demonstrating in protest at what they saw as inadequate policies on climate change and social issues from both candidates in the final round of voting, as well as the lack of choice for the electorate.

“It is a continuation of what happened at the Sorbonne,” one student told AFP. “We want a third social round, because the two candidates qualified for the second round have no social or ecological programmes. 

“We want to give a new breath to this Fifth Republic a little at the end of the race.

“We are fed up with the fascist state. We are here against Marine Le Pen, against fascism, for the climate and against capitalism,” another student at the lycée Louis-le-Grand in the capital’s fifth arrondissement said.

“We have blocked all the entrances. We will stay there as long as possible.”

About 100 students blockaded the prestigious school. Some students chant slogans against the “Front National” – the former name of second-round candidate Marine Le Pen’s far-right Rassemblement National party.

The blockades ended peacefully at the end of the day.

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