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WEATHER

French Caribbean: Fear and looting grip tense Saint Martin in wake of Hurricane Irma

A crime wave on the Franco-Dutch Caribbean holiday island of St Martin, five days after hurricane Irma ripped through, has everyone on edge.

French Caribbean: Fear and looting grip tense Saint Martin in wake of Hurricane Irma
AFP
“For pity's sake, do something,” Estelle Kalton begs the police. “They're looting the shops.”
   
It is only by making a scene on the steps of a makeshift security centre set up in Marigot, the main town on the French side of the island, that Kalton is able to confront officials.
 
She gets an angry response to her charges of looting. “We know,” a police officer replies.
   
Minutes earlier, France's Minister for Overseas Territories Annick Girardin had walked down the same steps after assuring reporters that “there is now security” on the island.
 
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AFP
 
But officials and people in the streets seem to have different definitions of “security” and criticism of the state's response to the disaster is mounting on the island and in Paris.
  
“Police saw people trying to loot our store,” says Kalton's 57-year-old husband Philippe.
   
“Sometimes they're just 50 metres away, but they don't do anything.
   
“They told me that people's security is the priority and that the rest is only material, that it's not important.”
   
The shopkeeper moved to St Martin seven years ago. Before Irma, he and his wife enjoyed a sun-soaked life in a villa by the turquoise waters of Nettle Bay.
   
What remains of their house, metres from the beach, is visible from the steps of the security centre. Like the others, it is a wreck.
   
Now, the two clothing shops the couple ran on Liberty Street are “all we have left”.
 
'We'll shoot you'
 
Exhausted and angry, the Kaltons are watching over their shops as much as they can, and have asked a neighbour to do the same.
   
During the most recent break-in attempt, the neighbour scared away the looters with a machete.
   
“They said to him, 'If you stay here we'll come back, we'll shoot you and take what we want,” Philippe Kalton says, grim-faced.
   
Regional police chief Jean-Marc Descoux said some 500-600 local delinquents were likely responsible for most of the looting, taking advantage of the devastation for personal profit.
   
“But it is also people who are desperate, who are panicking and who have nothing left but misery,” he told the broadcaster France Info.
   
Paris is battling accusations that it was underprepared for the devastation in its Caribbean territories, with opposition leftwinger Jean-Luc Melenchon demanding a parliamentary inquiry into whether enough security forces were sent.
   
Fourteen people have been killed on the island, 10 on the French side and four on the Dutch, and many homes destroyed.
 
Along with some 85 tonnes of food, one million litres of water and 2,200 kilos of medicine, some 1,500 rescue workers, troops and security forces are on the ground on St Martin, a number set to rise shortly to 2,000.
   
But for many residents, it is not enough.
   
On the Dutch side of the island, too, there are complaints of looting and criticism of the official response.
   
“They reacted far too late. The French were much quicker on St Martin to evacuate people,” Kitty Algra, one of the first group of 55 Dutch tourists evacuated on a military flight to Curacao, told the Dutch newspaper AD.
   
“Immediately after the storm, people were walking around with baseball bats. That was more disappointing than the hurricane,” she added.
 
'Lootings every 10 minutes'
 
The storefronts in the centre of Marigot are testament to the paranoid atmosphere gripping the island.
   
Every shop has its metal shutters drawn. Some show signs of being forced open with crowbars.
   
On one corner, a clothing shop stands open to the elements, its windows smashed in. The mannequins have been stripped of their clothes; the coathangers are bare.
   
In the Bellevue commercial district to the south, two soldiers patrol between the warehouses.
 
“I'm stopping a looter every 10 minutes,” one of them says.
   
Inside what was once a food storeroom lies an enormous pile of junk. A half-eaten pot of chocolate spread sits on an empty stretch of looted shelves.
   
“The owner was planning to give everything away to residents,” the soldier says bitterly.
   
“I'm from the West Indes and the behaviour of people on this island makes me sick. Until they calm down it'll be difficult to distribute supplies.”
   
Neighbouring shops, selling toys and electronic goods, have been similarly ransacked.
   
“What's the point in making off with a giant teddy bear when you're struggling to find enough to eat?” rails Elena Baudry, a local resident.
 
And she fears the chaos won't end here.
   
“Now that the shops are empty, they're going to rob the houses,” she says.

CLIMATE CRISIS

Scorching summer was France’s second hottest on record

Three heatwaves since June produced France's second-hottest summer since records began in 1900, the Météo France weather service said on Tuesday, warning that scorching temperatures will be increasingly common as the climate crisis intensifies.

Scorching summer was France's second hottest on record

With 33 days of extreme heat overall, average temperatures for June, July and August were 2.3C above normal for the period of 1991-2020.

It was surpassed only by the 2003 heatwave that caught much of France unprepared for prolonged scorching conditions, leading to nearly 15,000 heat-related deaths, mainly among the elderly.

Data is not yet available for heat-related deaths this summer, but it is likely to be significantly lower than 15,000 thanks to preventative measures taken by local and national authorities. 

Most experts attribute the rising temperatures to the climate crisis, with Météo France noting that over the past eight summers in France, six have been among the 10-hottest ever.

By 2050, “we expect that around half of summer seasons will be at comparable temperatures, if not higher,” even if greenhouse gas emissions are contained, the agency’s research director Samuel Morin said at a press conference.

The heat helped drive a series of wildfires across France this summer, in particular a huge blaze in the southwest that burned for more than a month and blackened 20,000 hectares. 

Unusually, wildfires also broke out even in the normally cooler north of the country, and in total an area five times the size of Paris burned over the summer. 

Adding to the misery was a record drought that required widespread limits on water use, with July the driest month since 1961 – many areas still have water restrictions in place.

MAP: Where in France are there water restrictions and what do they mean?

Forecasters have also warned that autumn storms around the Mediterranean – a regular event as air temperatures cool – will be unusually intense this year because of the very high summer temperatures. A storm that hit the island of Corsica in mid August claimed six lives. 

“The summer we’ve just been through is a powerful call to order,” Prime Minister Elisabeth Borne said on Monday, laying out her priorities for an “ecological planning” programme to guide France’s efforts against climate change.

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