France eyes post-Brexit deal to keep fishing in UK waters

European countries affected by the end of a deal allowing them to fish close to Britain's coastline need an accord to allow them access after Brexit, France said on Monday.

France eyes post-Brexit deal to keep fishing in UK waters
File photo: AFP

Britain is to withdraw from a 50-year-old agreement allowing vessels from five European countries  — Belgium, France, Germany, Ireland and the Netherlands — to fish within an area that is six miles (10 kilometres) off the UK's coast.

“We have to defend access to waters for artisanal and coastal fishing… without that there won't be any fishing,” French fishing minister Stephane Travert told journalists after meeting his EU colleagues in Brussels.

The minister said that they had to “reach agreements” with Britain for when it leaves the European Union, which is expected in March 2019.

Britain on June 3 triggered a two-year withdrawal period from the agreement, the London Fisheries Convention, to meet a key Brexit pledge.

The agreement is in force alongside the EU's Common Fisheries Policy — allowing vessels from EU member states to fish between 12 and 200 nautical miles off the UK — which Britain will be excluded from after its exit from the bloc.

Travert said he wanted to “keep good relations” with London and to “do what we can so that everyone comes out on top from this situation.”

He said closing Britain's access to the EU single market in this field was not necessarily the best solution “because that also takes the risk of closing markets for our processed food producers, many of whom work with the UK.

“So, we have to find space for discussions and space for compromise.”

However the British government — in political crisis after Prime Minister Theresa May lost her overall majority — “themselves don't know if they are going for a hard or soft Brexit”, the Frenchman added.

“We still have time, today we are only at the start of the process. We need to use what time we have to work together to find ways of reaching deals which will allow our French fishermen to continue to have access” to British waters.

British and EU negotiators separately began a second full round of Brexit talks in Brussels on Monday.

At the EU's insistence, Britain must first agree on the technicalities of its withdrawal before the Europeans will discuss a future trade deal.


Brits in Europe won right to vote for life in UK but questions remain

After years of campaigns and promises British citizens living abroad finally won the lifelong right to vote in UK general elections in April 2022. But campaigners say more needs to be done to allow all those Britons abroad to be able cast their votes easily.

Brits in Europe won right to vote for life in UK but questions remain

What’s in the law?

The Elections Act 2022 introduced several changes to the current legislation on electoral participation. Among these, it removed the rule by which British citizens lose their voting rights in the UK if they have lived abroad for more than 15 years

The new rules also abolished the requirement to have been previously registered in the UK electoral roll to become an overseas voter. In addition, the registration in the electoral roll will now last up to three years instead of only one year.

It is estimated that these changes could increase the number of overseas voter registrations by some 3 million. But the way new measures will be applied in practice is still to be defined.

READ ALSO: ‘Mixed feelings’ – British citizens in Europe finally get right to vote for life

Defining the practicalities

Under the new law, Britons living abroad will have to register to vote in the last place they were registered in the UK. This means that people who have never lived in the UK will be ineligible to vote, regardless of how long they have been overseas, while those who left when they were children will be able to use a parent or guardian’s address.

But given that the UK does not require residents to register with local councils, how to prove previous UK residence? “Typical documents accepted as a proof of residence are Council tax or utilities bills, but not everyone will have them or will have kept them in an international move,” says Fiona Godfrey, co-founder of the British in Europe coalition.

Ballot papers are pictured in stacks in a count centre as part of the 2019 UK general election. (Photo by ANDY BUCHANAN / AFP)

Other questions concern how people will effectively cast their ballot. UK citizens overseas will be able to vote by post or by proxy or in person at their polling station if they are in the UK at the time of the election. However, few people are likely to travel to the UK for an election and in the past there have problems and delays with postal voting.

The Electoral Commission has recommended that overseas electors appoint a proxy to vote on their behalf. But who could that be for people who have been away from their constituency for a long time?

New secondary legislation will have to answer these questions, defining how to be included in the electoral roll and how to exercise the voting right in practice.

According to British in Europe, the government should present draft legislation in the first half of the year so that the parliament can adopt it before summer and registrations of overseas voters can start in the autumn.

British in Europe survey

British in Europe are currently running a survey to understand the difficulties UK citizens abroad may face in the registration and voting process, as well as their intention to participate in elections.

The survey asks for instance which documents people can access to prove their previous residence in the UK, what problems they had voting in the past, and if and how they plan to vote in the future.

“We need to get an up-to-date picture of British citizens living around the world and have information to make recommendations to the government, as it prepares secondary legislation,” Godfrey said. “If millions of people will exercise their voting rights, there will be consequences for council registration offices, post office and authorities that will manage the process, among other things” she argued.

The right to vote concerns only UK parliamentary elections and national referendums, not elections in the devolved administrations of Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland, or at local level.

The survey is open to UK citizens living anywhere in the world and is available at this link.