What you need to know about France’s rising population

By the year 2050 France will be home to millions more people, but certain areas of the country will see population grow more than others. Here's a look at the key points.

What you need to know about France’s rising population
Photo: AFP

On January 1st 2017, France had a population of 66.9 million, an all-time high. 

New data by the National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies (INSEE) says France’s population is predicted to increase to 74 million by 2050. 

We've picked out some key points from the INSEE study to give an idea of what France's growing population will look like in the future.

Regional differences

INSEE predicts the population will rise across France, but growth won't be even. The biggest rises in population will be in the Pays de la Loire region of western France (see chart below, courtesy of Ouest France) and the central region of Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes.

The Grand Est region of eastern France, which includes the old regions of Alsace, Lorraine and Champagne-Ardennes will see the smallest increase in population over the coming years – only 0.7 percent according to INSEE, followed by Normandy in the north, where growth will be only slightly higher.

The main reasons for the lack of growth in the Grand Est region according to INSEE is that there will be more deaths, especially in the years 2040 to 2050, less immigration to the region, there are fewer women meaning the birth rate will be lower and the area lacks attractiveness.

The greater Paris region of Ile-de-France will remain the country's most populated region and will be home to 13.2 million inhabitants by 2050 – up from 12 million in 2013. Auvergne-Rhône -Alpes will be the second most populated region with 9.5 million inhabitants in 2050 – up from 7.8 million.

An aging population

By 2050, France will have 20 million people aged 65-years-old or more. That's 8.6 million more than in 2013.

Interestingly for most regions in France deaths will outnumber births by 2050.

That's because baby boomers born between 1945 and 1975 will have reached old age. Among the elderly population the number of people aged over 75 will see a particularly large rise, numbering 12.9 million by 2050 – some 16.4% of the population.

Again the aging of the population won't be the same across all regions. INSEE predicts the trend will be more marked in the regions of Burgundy-Franche-Comté, Grand-Est and Normandie.


Why France might just be the best country in the world to grow old in

The working population

But 2050 France will see a drop of 588,000 people in the size of its working population, basically those aged of 20 to 64.

So by 2050 the country's working population would only represent half of the country's overall population.

Again the reduction in the working population will be greater in the Grand Est region of eastern France and Normandy in the north.

Youth population remains stable

Between now and 2050, the number of people under-20 in France is expected to remain stable.

In 2050, France will have only 265,000 more young people than in 2013. Those under 20 would then represent 22.3 percent of the population, that's 2.3 percentage points less than in 2013,” says INSEE. This decrease would concern all regions.

How do we explain the trend?

There are numerous reasons for the projected rise in France's population including immigration – net migration is currently 70,000 a year.

And people in France are living longer than ever before. By 2050 average life-expectancy for women will be 90.3 in France compared to 85 in 2013, while for men it will be 86.8 years compared to 78.7 in 2013.

But also France has one of the highest fertility rates in Europe.

Earlier this year The Local reported that in 2015, France had the highest birth rate in Europe at 1.96 children per woman, although this was down from the symbolic rate of 2 children per mother in 2014.

by Jessie Williams


Standard of living in France: where do you fit?

France is slowly recovering from the economic crisis and economic equality is actually shrinking new figures suggest. Where do you fit in, when compared to the rest of the population?

Standard of living in France: where do you fit?
The richest 10 percent of people in France had a standard of living of more than €37,200 in 2013. Photo: AFP

New figures from France’s national stats office Insee provide an insight into the economic health of the country’s households and revealed some noteworthy trends.

Significantly the stats revealed there had been the first fall in poverty rates since 2008, albeit a very slight one, with the niveau de vie (essentially the post-tax and social charges income of a household divided by number of people in each household) of the country's worse-off increasingly slightly for the first time since 2008.

Interestingly at the other end of the scale the post-tax income of France's most wealthy saw a slight decrease, due in the main to a rise in taxes, meaning that inequality in between rich and poor in France has actually decreased.

Although it's not yet perhaps time to celebrate with 14 percent of French people still living below the poverty line.

Here's the key stats:


The median post-tax income, or “niveau de vie”, in metropolitan France hardly changed in 2013, hitting €20,000 a year, or €1,667 a month. That means half the population had an income of more than €1,667 a month after the tax man had taken his share while the other 50 percent saw less than that amount coming in.

For a family of two adults and two children younger than 14, the median after-tax income was €3,500 a month in 2013, or 0.1 percent lower than a year earlier.


The richest 10 percent of people in France had an annual post-tax income of more than €37,200 in 2013. At the other end of the scale, for the poorest 10 percent this figure was lower than €10,730. In other words, the nation’s richest 10 percent have a standard of living more than 3.5 times higher than the poorest tenth.

But in a surprise finding, the standard of living for the poorest 10 percent climbed 1.1 percent in 2013, while the incomes of the country’s richest dropped 1.8 percent, suggesting a decrease in equality.


This was the median post-tax income of France’s jobseekers in 2013, up 2.3 percent on the previous year. However, over a third of people in this group live below the poverty threshold, set at €1,000 a month.

0.3 percent

The Insee study shows 14 percent of French people lived in poverty in 2013, down 0.3 percent on a year earlier, and the first fall in five years, bring the rate down to 2010 levels.

But while the news is positive, more French people still live in poverty than was the case in 2008 when that number was 13 percent.

8.6 million

The total number of people living in poverty in France in 2013 was 8.6 million people, with the median income for this group climbing slightly from €788 in 2012 to €802 a year later.

1.6 million

The number of young people in France aged 18 to 29 with an income of less than €1,000 was 1.6 million in 2013.     

SEE ALSO:  A portrait of modern France in ten key stats