SHARE
COPY LINK

ELECTION

Why are the French not marching against Le Pen like in 2002?

On Sunday, when a far-right leader named Le Pen made it through to the second round of a presidential election, the French stayed on their sofas, but when it happened in 2002, they went marching. Why the difference?

Why are the French not marching against Le Pen like in 2002?
Photo: AFP

When the face of far-right National Front leader Jean Marie Le Pen appeared on TV screens alongside then President Jacques Chirac at 8pm on April 21st 2002, France went into collective shock.

The realization that a man who was considered openly racist and anti-Semitic had qualified for the second round of the French presidential election prompted tens of thousands of French voters to immediately take to the streets to express their shame.

Up to two million people  marched again across the country days later on May 1st (see video below).

There was a spontaneous outpouring of anger followed by soul-searching and then a mobilisation to do everything to block Le Pen’s path to power.

And it worked, with Jean-Marie Le Pen going on to be trounced in the second round on May 5th.

On Sunday night the protests were limited to some hardcore anti-fascist and anti-capitalist groups who made their displeasure known mainly by attacking police and banks.

But why wasn’t there the same nationwide spontaneous mobilisation on Sunday night after Jean-Marie’s daughter Marine Le Pen, the current leader of the National Front, picked up a record 7.5 million votes to follow in her father’s footsteps?

Mainly because it wasn’t a shock to anyone in France. In fact it would have been a shock if Marine Le Pen hadn’t made it to the second round.

READ ALSO: Analysis: France is now in uncharted territory and the journey is just beginning

She has been performing strongly in first round votes ever since the 2012 presidential election in which she secured over 18 percent of the vote. Then in local, European, departmental, and in the December 2015 regional elections, Le Pen also topped the vote.

She claimed the National Front was the number one party in France and no one could really argue with her.

But the country has also got used to her losing in the second round. Polls already suggest she has little chance of becoming president.

But in 2002 Jean-Marie Le Pen’s run to the second round came completely out of the blue, thanks largely to a record abstention rate and the squabbling Socialists being in disarray.

No one really considered that the then Socialist candidate Lionel Jospin would not make the second round.

But in 2017 polls had been telling us for months that Le Pen was almost guaranteed her place, ahead of the Socialist candidate who in the end was Benoit Hamon. Beating the rightwing candidate François Fillon was an added bonus.

READ ALSO: Why Marine Le Pen's voters thought she was the best candidate

Another reason why the shock and anger levels were low on Sunday was that Le Pen’s final score was actually lower than expected. She picked up around 21.4 percent but at one point had polled as high as 27 percent.

So despite the historic performance, even her own supporters were disappointed to finish in second place behind Emmanuel Macron.

The other factor is that there is no longer the same taboo around Marine Le Pen as there was with her father.

While he has been convicted numerous times of hate speech and Holocaust denial his daughter has successfully softened her image in the eyes of many.

While many among France’s older generations will still see her and her party as a danger, many young people in France are voting for her.

RESULTS: Full breakdown of how France voted in the first round

She has successfully widened her appeal to portray herself as the people’s champion and the candidate who will fight for France’s working classes against enemies such as globalisation and free trade as well as immigration.

Her rise is also part of a global rise of populism, which helps put her in context, whereas he father was considered an embarrassment and a pariah for France.

The reaction to Le Pen’s place in the second round was very different to 2002. While Jacques Chirac gave a solemn speech about the danger facing France, Emmanuel Macon, the other “finalist” gave a triumphant speech focusing mainly on himself.

Macron has also agreed to a live TV debate with Le Pen, unlike Chirac who refused to meet with her father. Macron would be blasted for cowering in fear if he chose that option. Despite what she might say Le Pen is now part of the French political establishment.

 

 

Liberation newspaper, whose famous “Non” front page back in 2002 is still remembered, did not feature a Le Pen in Monday's edition, but instead focused on Emmanuel Macron.

And while there may be no marching just yet, there have been numerous calls by politicians, celebrities Muslim leaders, and police unions for people to vote against Le Pen.

However, if Le Pen actually wins on May 7th and becomes France’s head of state, don't expect the streets to clear. Those anti-National Front instincts will likely propel thousands to march. The police have even warned of rioting.

It’s just that, for the moment, no one believes her winning is a real risk.

READ ALSO: Macron versus Le Pen: A deeply divided France set for an almighty collision

 

ELECTION

Le Pen narrowly tops European election polls in France in blow for Macron

The far-right National Rally party led by Marine Le Pen finished top in European elections in France on Sunday, dealing a blow to pro-European President Emmanuel Macron.

Le Pen narrowly tops European election polls in France in blow for Macron
Marine Le Pen and Jordan Bardella. Photo: AFP

Results released on Monday morning by the Ministry of the Interior, which have yet to be formally verified and declared by the National Voting Commission, showed that the far right Rassemblement National (RN) party topped the polls with 23.3 percent of the vote, beating French president Emmanuel Macron's La Republique En Marche.

They were closely followed by Macron's party, which polled 22.4 percent.

Emmanuel and Brigitte Macron at a polling station in Le Touquet earlier on Sunday. Photo: AFP

The allocation of seats in the European Parliament has been complicated for France by the UK's delayed departure from the EU.

The Parliament had already decided that after Brexit, some of the seats that had been occupied by British MEPs would be reallocated to other countries, with France set to gain an extra five seats

However, last minute delays to Brexit meant that the UK had to take part in the elections, with the result that France will not gain its extra seats until Britain leaves the EU.

On last night's polling results, the RN will get 22 seats in the European parliament immediately, and an extra seat once Britain leaves.

Macron's LREM will get 21 seats now and 23 after the UK leaves.

The green party lead by Yannick Jadot was placed third with 13.4 percent of the vote, gaining 12 seats now and 13 after Brexit. 

The two parties that between them had dominated French politics for decades until the rise of Macron both polled in single figures. Nicolas Sarkozy's old party Les Republicains polled 8.4 percent, while the Socialist party of Francois Hollande was on 6.31 percent, winning them eight and six seats respectively.

Meanwhile the 'yellow vest' candidates scored just 0.54 percent of the vote, below the Animalist party which polled 2.17 percent.

Nathalie Loiseau with LREM party workers. Photo: AFP

Although a total of 34 parties fielded candidates in the European elections in France, the election had largely been framed as a contest between Macron and Le Pen.

Macron's La Republique En Marche party, its list headed by former Europe Minister Nathalie Loiseau, was contesting its first European elections.

Marine Le Pen, on the other hand, was hoping to replicate her 2014 European election victory with her Rassemblement National party, its list headed by a political novice, the 23-year-old Jordan Bardella. Bardella called the results a “failure” for the LREM ruling party and sought to portray Macron's defeat as a rejection by voters of his pro-business agenda in France and pro-EU vision.

Macron had made no secret of the significance he attached to the results, telling regional French newspapers last week that the EU elections were the most important for four decades as the union faced an “existential threat”.

Jordan Bardella, head of the RN list. Photo: AFP

He has jumped into the campaign himself in recent weeks, appearing alone on an election poster in a move that analysts saw as exposing him personally if LREM underperformed.

The score of the National Rally is slightly below the level of 2014 when it won 24.9 percent, again finishing top.

Le Pen had placed herself towards the bottom of the RN list, so she will be returning to the European Parliament, where she served as an MEP from 2004 to 2017.

Turnout at the polls in France was the highest in recent years, with 50.12 percent of people voting, significantly up from 35.07 percent in 2014.

Veteran France reporter John Lichfield said: “After six months of 'yellow vest' rebellion, that Macron list has 22 percent is respectable. Much better than President Hollande did in 2014 (14.5 percent).

“But he made the election all about himself and lost. His hopes of emerging as de facto EU leader or enacting more French reforms are damaged.”

SHOW COMMENTS