Looking for a job in France? These are the sectors desperately seeking workers

These are the sectors with the most openings in France right now, according to figures released on Thursday.

Looking for a job in France? These are the sectors desperately seeking workers
Photo: AFP
In the face of depressingly low employment levels in France, don’t lose hope that you can find work here.
France's employment agency Pole Emploi released a list of the top sectors that are seeking workers this year, so here's a good place to start looking. 
For a start… have you ever dreamed of picking grapes amid the natural beauty of Alsace or Bordeaux? If so you are in luck. One of the top industries that will be recruiting in 2017 is wine production.
And don't forget, grape harvesting comes with all the advantages of rural life in France: rolling countryside, glorious chateaux and, of course, very fine wine.
For those of you who like this sort of lifestyle then farming, which comes sixth on the list, provides another opportunity to escape to the French countryside.
Or if you prefer the city and fancy your own Amélie Poulain experience working as a waiter in Paris, there is an opening for you too. Waiting tables in restaurants and cafés is third on the list of the biggest job openings in France.
Parisian cafés have been known throughout history for their creative clientèle so working in a café could be your chance to meet inspiring individuals and unleash your inner artist.
The Deux Moulins café in Montmartre, where Amelie worked. Photo: WIkiCommons
The top ten jobs in France for 2017
1. Winegrowers and tree surgeons
2. Maintenance technicians
3. Waiters
4. Restaurant workers
5. Community workers
6. Farmers
7. Domestic helpers
8. Carers
9. Packing and warehouse work
10. Musicians and dancers    
If you are already skilled in the arts, there is a demand for you too. Musicians and dancers also make the top ten. Imagine yourself busking on Parisian streets, earning your bread through your passion and mingling with other creatives.
Tree surgery is the other job area that tops the list. This makes sense when you consider that France has over 12 billion trees. We all know that many of these border the countryside roads to form the famous French avenues. Viewed as a safety hazard for the number of car accidents they cause, perhaps these roadside trees could the reason for a high demand for tree surgeons.
Other large job openings in France include maintenance technicians, community workers, and carers.
However these professions require a certain level of French. If your language skills aren’t up to scratch, there are still plenty of jobs in France where you don't even need French.
For example, being a nanny can help fund your dream life in France because families are generally keen for their children to learn English from as young an age as possible. Another obvious option is to teach English, although neither of these may be the most lucrative of choices.
Other top options where French isn't necessary include working as an estate agent, seeing as a great many English speaking foreigners seek second homes or residency in France.
An alternative option is the tourism sector, for example working as a tour guide or ski instructor. 
Lastly, if you none of these appeal to you, take the first step by jumping into The Local's own English-language job section here. Bonne chance.

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How to get a summer job in France

As the summer holidays approach in France, many employers are looking for seasonal workers - so if you're looking for a summer job, here's how to go about it.

How to get a summer job in France

There are thousands of employment offers in France – a simple internet search for jobs d’été came up with numerous jobs boards offering work in France, while the government-backed Centre d’Information et de Documentation pour la Jeunesse (CIDJ) offers advice and information on all aspects of life for young people in France, including finding seasonal work and summer placements.

Sectors including agriculture, hospitality and tourism are always recruiting in the summer, seeking fruit-pickers, holiday camp workers and serving/hotel staff.

But what are the rules for people seeking summer jobs?

READ ALSO Vendange: What you really sign up for when you agree to help with the French wine harvest


Children from the age of 16 (under certain circumstances, the age limit drops to 14) who are legally resident in France can work as long as they have written authorisation from their parents or legal guardians. A model authorisation letter is available here

Those under the age of 18 cannot undertake certain jobs for health and safety reasons.

In the following circumstances, children as young as 14 or 15 can work during school holidays.

  • The holidays must last at least 14 days;
  • The child must work no more than half the days of the holiday – so, if a vacation period is two weeks, they can work for no more than one of those weeks;
  • The child is given ‘light duties’ that offer no risk to their safety, health, or development;
  • From the age of 15 and if the child has completed their troisieme education, a minor can register for an apprenticeship. 


Salary is usually paid monthly and will have a payslip. For those aged 18 and over, pay will be at least equal to the minimum wage.

 For those aged 14 to 17, who have less than six months’ professional experience, the minimum allowed rate is 80 percent of the minimum wage. For those aged 17 to 18, the rate rises to a minimum of 90 percent of France’s minimum wage.

  • The minimum wage in France is currently €10.85 gross per hour (€1,645.58 gross per month based on a 35-hour week);
  • the employment contract is fixed-term and can take different forms (fixed-term contract, seasonal employment contract, temporary employment contract, etc);
  • Seasonal employees are subject to the same obligations as the other employees of the company and have access to the same benefits (canteens, breaks, etc.).

Under 18s have certain additional protections:

  • between the ages of 14 and 16, during school holidays, employees on any contract cannot work more than 35 hours per week nor more than 7 hours per day;
  • They cannot work at night;
  • Those aged 14 to under 16 working during their school holidays can only be assigned to work which is not likely to harm their safety, their health or development.

Right to work in France

If you’re a French citizen or hold permanent residency in France then you have the right to work, but for foreigners there are extra restrictions.

Anyone who holds the passport of a EU/EEA country or Switzerland, is free to work in France or to travel to France seeking work without needing a visa or work permit.

Most other people will need permission to work in France – even if it’s only for a short period or for casual work such as grape-picking. Depending on your country of origin you may need a visa – everything you need to know about that is here.

In addition to the visa, you may also need a work permit, which is the responsibility of the employer.  To employ anyone in France for less than 90 days, an employer must get a temporary work permit – before the prospective employee applies for a short stay visa. This permit is then sent to the embassy at which the employee is applying for a visa.

If you come from countries including the UK, USA and Canada you can spend up to 90 days in France without a visa – but you may still need a work (convention d’accueil) if you want to work while you are here.

READ ALSO Six official websites to know if you’re planning to work in France

Certain countries have specific ‘seasonal worker’ visas on offer, for certain sectors which allows – for example – Canadians to come to France and work the ski season. 

Cash-in-hand jobs

Certain sectors which have a lot of casual workers – for example seasonal fruit-picking – do have cash-in-hand jobs, known in France as marché noir (black market) or simply travail au black (working on the black, or working illegally). 

This is of course illegal and working this way carries risks – as well as the possibility of losing your job if labour inspectors turn up you are also in a vulnerable position. If your employer suddenly decides not to pay you, or make unexpected deductions from your wages, there is very little you can do about it since you won’t have any kind of work contract.