Editions:  Austria · Denmark · France · Germany · Italy · Norway · Spain · Sweden · Switzerland
Advertisement

Calvados to Chartreuse: The ultimate booze map of France

Share this article

Calvados to Chartreuse: The ultimate booze map of France
Image: The Local
21:05 CEST+02:00
France is well known for its food - but did you realize just how many alcoholic drinks come from this country? This will make you want to have an early apéro.
There are dozens of good maps of France (from the cheese map to the map that shows how many cheek kisses you should do) - but have you ever seen a good booze map?

We hadn't either, so decided to put one together. We present: The ultimate booze map of France, featuring most famous French tipples (no doubt we might have missed a couple) and a few you may not have heard of, let alone tried.
 
Of course you can try most of these alcoholic drinks anywhere in France, but we've focused on the area of the country each beverage originated in.
 
This map might help you choose which region of France to spend a holiday in, or even move to.
 
Here's the full map, followed by a closer look at each corner of the country. 
 
(The Local France encourages responsible drinking and would suggest not all of these are sampled during the same apéro.)
 
 
A closer look at the west and north west
 
 
 
 
Chambord
 
A popular addition to sweeten Champagne, the raspberry and blackberry liqueur is said to have been created when Louis XIV visited Chambord castle in 1685. 
 
Lambig
 
Similar to Calvados, the apple brandy is also known in Brittany as "fine Bretagne". The cider is distilled in an alembic, which is from where the name originated.
 
Amorik Whisky
 
The Armorik range of whisky offers single malts and blends, made in what one distillery says are the perfect conditions of Brittany: "Our whisky has found a coastal heathland environment perfect for ageing under the best possible conditions. The sea, wind and rain have forged its character that is second to none."
 
Melmor
 
Similar to mead, this drink is a simple mix of water, honey, and yeast. "The recipe has not changed since the Celts introduced chouchen to Brittany," one distillery says.
 
Breton cider
 
Breton cider needs no introduction. If you're a real fan, take on the route de cidre - a tour of the region's cider makers. 
 
Pommeau and Calvados 
 
Over in Normandy, enjoy apple-based drinks like Calvados apple brandy, or try it mixed with apple juice in Pommeau.
 
Poire d'olivet
 
The clear pear brandy from the town of Olivet near Orléans often comes with a whole pear in the bottle.
 
Benedictine
 
Here's another Normandy specialty made with apples. The drink is said to have been created by the Benedictine monk Dom Bernado Vincelli in Fécamp Abbey in 1510. The "elixir" recipe was lost for 350 years and re-disovered by Alexander the Great, who named it Bénédictine.
 
 
A closer look at the north and north east
 
 
Grey Goose vodka
 
The famous Grey Goose vodka is distilled in Picardy. Although the drink was created by an American Sidney Frank, it uses the soft wheat from the Picardy area and is fermented and distilled in the area before being sent to the Cognac region for bottling.
 
Grand Marnier
 
One of France's most successful alcoholic exports, the orange-flavoured liqueur Grand Marnier is made with a blend of Cognac and bitter oranges, coming from from Neauphle-le-Château near Versailles.
 
Pelforth
 
This beer, which comes in blonde and brown varieties, originated from Lille and now belongs to the Heineken group.
 
Champagne
 
No surprises for guessing where Champagne comes from. All "official" Champagne still comes from the Champagne region of France.
  
Ratafia
 
Ratafia refers to fortified wines or liqueurs or citrus-peel flavoured liquers. The ratafia from Champagne is the most famous and is of the fortified wine category. It's made with the same grapes as for champagne, but they're allowed to ripen to maturity, dried, and re-hydrated. 
 
Mirabelle liquer
 
Yellow "mirabelle" plums are a specialty of the Lorraine region and appear in many local recipes, the plum liqueur is sweet and slightly honey-flavoured.
 
Burgundy wine
 
The mineral taste of Burgundy wines owes to the limestone soils from a time when Burgundy was part of a tropical sea. The two main Burgundy grapes are Pinot Noir and Chardonnay. Obviously there are too many Burgundy wines to get on this map.
 
Fischer beer
 
Ficher beer, in its distinctive corked bottle, is native to Alsace. The Fischer brewery was founded in Strasbourg and moved to Schiltigheim.
 
Kronenbourg
 
Another Alsacian beer, Kronenbourg was created in Strasbourg and its 1664 variety is now the most sold French beer in the world. 
 
Pernod
 
Pernod aniseed  liqueur, created around 80 years ago, is one of the hallmarks of French drinking. When served with ice and water the clear liquid turns a cloudy cream colour - and is perfect for a summer's day. Although it's technically not a Pastis.
 
Vieux Pontarlier
 
The French absinthe from Pontarlier, close to the Swiss border, is still made using the original recipe. It's made from local wormwood, green anise seeds and fennel seed along with a secret blend of herbs and spices. 
 
And the south east
 
 
Suze
 
Often referred to as both a French and Swiss invention, the liqueur is flavoured with the root of genetian plants and is typically enjoyed as an aperitif.
 
 
Crème de cassis 
 
The sweet blackcurrant liqueur is a specialty of Burgundy and Dijon in particular. It's normally mixed with white wine to make a Kir.
 
Chartreuse
 
Chartreuse boasts that its herbal liqueur is the only one in the world with a completely natural green colour. 
 
The history of Chartreuse is a bit of a mystery, in 1605 a Chartreuse monastery received a gift of an ancient manuscript containing the recipe for the drink. 
 
It was sent to the order's main monastery near Grenoble where it was deciphered, recreated and sold as a medicine called "The Elixir of Long Life". 
 
Rinquinquin
 
The Provencal drink is made with peaches, autumnal peach tree leaves, cane sugar and Lubéron white wine. 
 
You can drink it as an aperitif with tonic, neat or with ice cubes.
 
Provence Rosé wine
 
Many types of wine are made in Provence, but the region is particularly well known for its rosés and is the only wine region to focus on rosé, there's even a rosé research institute. 
 
Ricard and Pastis
 
Ricard and Pastis 51 are the leading brands of the Marseille-born star anise and licorice flavoured liqueurs.
 
Traditionally pastis should be enjoyed one part to five parts water, but as part of a recent re-branding effort to shake off the fusty image of pastis you can ask for a more diluted version with eight parts water called "piscine". 
 
Orange Columbo
 
The Provencal drink is made with Lubéron rosé, sweet and bitter oranges, bitter bark infusions, curaçao and other flavours.
 
Frontignan premier muscat
 
Muscat wines are produced in various regions of France, but Frontignan on the south coast has been famous for its varieties for centuries and it was the first naturally sweet wine label to be officially recognized. 
 
Salers
 
The liqueur from Auvergne is made from the root of the gentian plant, sweetened with white wine and botanical flavourings. 
 
Banyuls
 
The natural sweet wines known as Banyuls come from four towns on the Côte Vermeille close to the Spanish border: Banyuls itself, Cerbère, Collioure and Port-Vendres. 
 
And the south/south west
 
 
Cointreau
 
The Cointreau brothers found success blending sweet and bitter orange peels and pure alcohol from sugar beets, with around 13 million of the iconic bottles sold a year. As for how they make it? It's still a family secret.
 
Guignolet Kirsch
 
The deep red aperitif from Anjou is made by marinating cherries in alcohol with kirsch, a clear cherry liqueur. It owes its name to the guigne cherry, one of the varieties used in preparation. 
 
The drink was created by brothers Adolphe and Edouard Cointreau, who then went on to make the eponymous orange liqueur (see below). 
 
Cognac
 
The brandy, named after the town where it originates in Charente, is one of France's biggest drink exports, with Hennessy being the most well known brand. When in town you can visit Hennessy's headquarters for tours and tasting. 
 
Pineau des Charentes
 
Often referred to as Cognac's little brother Pineau is a fortified wine, hugely popular in the west and works great as an aperitif. 
 
Bordeaux wine
 
Along with Burgundy this is France's other key wine producing region. Bordeaux wines are made up of a blend of grape varieties rather than just one per wine.
 
Bordeaux varieties include Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot and Sauvignon Blanc. 
 
 
Lillet
 
Raymond and Paul Lillet concocted the Lillet aperitif in Podensac, near Bordeaux. Called Kina Lillet until the 1970's it's a blend of wine and fruit syrups and comes in red, white and rosé. 
 
Marie Brizard anisette
 
The Marie Brizard brand now produces a variety of different drinks, but the original anisette liqueur from Bordeaux is the iconic label.
 
The recipe for the green anise flavoured drink is a closely guarded secret and remains unchanged since Marie Brizard herself finalised the recipe in 1763.
 
Floc de Gascogne
 
A light and fruity aperitif from Gascony, Floc de Gascony is made with grape juices and Armagnac. You can find it in white or red varieties. 
 
Desperados
 
Now brewed in Alsace, the Tequila flavoured beer is said to have been first created in France's Basque county in 1995. 
 
Paxtaran
 
This drink from the Basque country is mainly associated with Spain, but can be found in the French part of the Pays Basque too.
 
Armagnac
 
Produced in the Armagnac region of Gascony the white wine grape-based brandy is similar to the more well known Cognac.
 
To detect all the flavours in Armagnac, it's sometimes advised to dab a drop on the back of your hand, wait for it to dry and sniff for notes of dried fruits, butterscotch and licorice. 
 
Byrrh
 
The French vermouth was created in Thuir, close to the Spanish border. Based on red wine, it's a mild apéritif flavoured with quinine, coffee and bitter orange among other flavours. 
 
Avèze
 
Produced in Riom-ès-Montagnes in Cantal, Auvergne, the liqueur is flavoured with wild yellow gentian plant from the area.
 
by Rose Trigg
 
If you can still read the screen and are not seeing double by now then send us the names of any Gallic tipples we have missed.
 
And after all that booze you are probably hungry. Click on image below to soak up everything you need to know about regional Gallic grub. 
 
 
 
 
 
Get notified about breaking news on The Local

Share this article

Advertisement

From our sponsors

Is this the world's most international business school?

It's not just one of the world's leading business schools. It's also a chance for students to have a truly international undergraduate experience.

Advertisement
Advertisement
3,533 Jobs
Click here to start your job search
Advertisement
Advertisement

Popular articles

Advertisement
Advertisement