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ETIQUETTE

Five etiquette tips for taking an elevator in France

France has a definite lift culture and it pays to know your stuff. Learn the ups and downs here.

Five etiquette tips for taking an elevator in France
Photo: Georgie Pauwels/Flickr
Depending on where you come from and the lift protocols in that country, your first elevator experience in France could be one to to remember or indeed forget.
 
Here are some tips to make sure you don't press your French fellow passengers' buttons. 
 
1: Say bonjour… Always. 
 
Bonjour is the most important word in the French language and it's strictly necessary to use this word when you step inside an elevator. 
 
In fact, the only times you shouldn't say it is during the evening, when it's bonsoir, or when you're entering an empty lift, obviously. 
 
If you enter a lift without saying bonjour you've instantly broken the first etiquette law of France. And this goes for doctor surgeries too, and shops, restaurants, bakeries…
 
2. Say bonne journée on the way out
 
It might seem like overkill, but the French are almost robotic when it comes to these two key points of lift etiquette. Say bonjour on the way in, and then say bonne journée on the way out. If someone beats you to the bonne journée, then respond “et vous aussi” or “également” (in other words “you too”).
 
And if you get in the lift with someone you've already beeen in the lift with that day, then remember it's re-bonjour.
 
3. Engage in small talk… sometimes
 
Small talk in an elevator typically revolves around the weather, according to Camille Chevalier-Karfis, the founder of French Today.
 
She says typical phrases include:
 
“Il fait beau en ce moment, n'est-ce pas”… “quel beau temps pour la saison”… or on the contrary “quel temps de chien, c'est insupportable”.
 
Photo: Gideon Tsang/Flickr
 
Of course, different rules apply if you're in a work lift or a residential one. 
 
“If you are running into an acquaintance, like a neighbour you'd ask about them and their family. “Bonjour Monsieur Dupont. Votre famille va bien?” she says.
 
“If they are total strangers, you say pretty much nothing. And an awkward silence maybe.”
 
A survey by pollsters Ipsos, carried out for France's Elevator Federation last year, found that 60 percent of the French said they'd engaged in conversation with a stranger in a lift.
 
4. Don't treat it like your home
 
It might sound terribly obvious, but don't even think about eating on the go while you're in the lift, says France-based business etiquette expert Kara Ronin.
 
“You should never eat inside a lift, but carrying a takeaway coffee outside for a cigarette break is fine,” she says. 

The same goes for eating on the go in general, the French aren't big fans of it, and might consider you to be rude if you do it. Meals are for enjoying, you should be sitting down. 
 
5. Be prepared for a bit of flirting.. or more
 
A full 12 percent of French people admitted to flirting with someone during an elevation, according to the same 2016 survey.
 
And if you thought that those 12 percent were just creepy workplace flirts, then think again – 4 percent of respondents said they'd had sex inside a lift (and over 1,000 people were surveyed).
 
Report author Alice Tetaz said at the time that lift-lovemaking could be explained by the fact that an elevator is “an enclosed area, full of fantasies”, and she even pointed to a scene from blockbuster sex romp Fifty Shades of Grey as a potential inspiration.
 
Bonus advice: Take the stairs if in doubt
 
If you come across one of those tiny apartment lifts, you should carefully consider whether it's worth squeezing in with others.
 
Lifts have a maximum weight they can operate with, so you want to think twice before entering the small ones, otherwise you run the risk of getting stuck in a tight situation with one of your neighbours when the lift breaks down. You have been warned. 
 
Another version of this article was published in April 2015. 

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FOOD & DRINK

Let them eat bread: the origins of the French baguette

More than six billion baguettes are baked each year in France and UNESCO has now inscribed the tradition in its “intangible cultural heritage” list.

Let them eat bread: the origins of the French baguette

The French baguette – one of the country’s most abiding images – was given world heritage status by UNESCO on Wednesday, the organisation announced.

READ ALSO French baguette gets UNESCO world heritage status

Here are some of the more popular theories:

Napoleon’s Bread of War
The oldest tale has the baguette being kneaded by bakers in Napoleon’s army. Less bulky than a traditional loaf, the long slim shape of the baguette made it faster to bake in brick ovens hastily erected on the battlefield.

France’s most famous man of war was preoccupied with getting his men their daily bread.

During his Russian campaign in 1812, he toured the ovens daily to sample the day’s offering and ensure the crusty batons were being distributed regularly, according to historian Philippe de Segur.

He also had portable bread mills sent to occupied Moscow, but the setbacks suffered by the Grande Armee in one of the deadliest military campaigns in history ended his bid to export the doughy staple.

Viennese connection
Another theory has the baguette starting out in a Viennese bakery in central Paris in the late 1830s.

Artillery officer and entrepreneur August Zang brought Austria’s culinary savoir-faire to Paris in the form of the oval-shaped bread that were standard in his country at the time.

According to the Compagnonnage des boulangers et des patissiers, the French bakers’ network, Zang decided to make the loaves longer to make them easier for the city’s breadwomen to pluck from the big carts they pushed through the city’s streets.

Breaking bread
Another theory has the baguette being born at the same time as the metro for the 1900 Paris Exposition.

People from across France came to work on the underground and fights would often break out on site between labourers armed with knives, which they used to slice big round loaves of bread for lunch.

According to the herodote.net history site, to avoid bloodshed, one engineer had the idea of ordering longer loaves that could be broken by hand.

Early rising
In 1919, a new law aimed to improve the lives of bakers by banning them from working from 10 pm to 4 am.

The reform gave them less time to prepare the traditional sourdough loaf for the morning, marked the widespread transition to what was called at the
time the yeast-based “flute”, which rose faster and was out of the oven in under half an hour.

Standardised at 80 centimeters (30 inches) and 250 grams (eight ounces) with a fixed price until 1986, the baguette was initially the mainstay of wealthy metropolitans, but after World War II became the emblem of all French people.

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