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France tracks ‘15,000 terror suspects’ but prisons are full

France must create 10,000 more prison places, says the PM Manuel Valls, who also said that some 15,000 potential terror suspects are now being closely watched.

France tracks '15,000 terror suspects' but prisons are full
Photo: AFP

French PM Manuel Valls revealed some worrying numbers at the weekend.

In an interview with TV and radio Valls revealed there were now 15,000 terror suspects on the radar of the country's police and intelligence services.

There are 15,000 who are “in the process of being radicalized,” said Valls adding that some 1,400 individuals are already the subjects of investigations related to various alleged terror offences.

“There will be new attacks, there will be innocent victims, this is also my role to tell this truth to the French people,” he said.

Valls was speaking days after it emerged the country’s capital had been spared another terror atrocity – the failed plan to set off a car bomb at Notre Dame Cathedral.

The plan went awry thanks to the alleged attackers botching their attempts to set alight the car filled with gas cylinders as well as the quick actions of counter-terrorist police who tracked down the three women jihadists as they prepared to strike again.

French authorities have long feared the prospect of hundreds of battle-hardened jihadists returning from the Middle East as Isis continues to lose territories it had conquered.

But the PM demonstrated how it also faces the threat of thousands of individuals being radicalised at home and often persuaded to launch attacks by jihadists in Syria, whom they are in contact with via social media channels.

The French government has resisted calls by the likes of Nicolas Sarkozy to systematically place French citizens suspected of being radicalized in special detention facilities that some have dubbed a “French Guantanamo”.

Valls however did accept that France will have to massively boost its prison capacity over the coming years to be able to deal with the sheer number of individuals who pose a threat.

“We know that over the next 10 years it will be necessary, without a doubt, to create 10,000 places in prison, Valls said.

The problem France faces is that clearly 10,000 will not be enough given the already bulging prison population and the apparent threat of some 15,000 extremists.

France’s prisons system is already in crisis, due to the fact that it has more inmates in its jails than ever before.

In July authorities counted 69,375 prisoners compared to 58,311 official places available in the country’s 188 prisons.

Valls wants the new prison places to cater for the Islamist threat which means individual cells and dedicated isolated wings.

But apart from the sheer numbers not adding up, France also faces another problem in that its recent experiment to isolate jihadists and Islamist extremists does not seem to have the results it desired.

A recent critical report suggested this option was not the best solution.

The report by France’s chief prison inspector Adeline Hazan found that France’s justice system is facing a phenomenon “which it had no measure of the nature or extent of”.

Her report stressed that grouping Islamist extremist prisoners together continues to worry counter-terrorist judges because of the harmful impacts which include “allowing solidarity to build between prisoners, networks to be reconstructed and allow the more influential inmates to put pressure on the most vulnerable.”

The report adds that the method “has failed to demonstrate that it has a beneficial impact on the rest of the prison population”.

It's clear the current and future French governments may have to think again for how best to cope with a problem that only appears to growing.  

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PRISONS

Prisons blocked across France after guards attacked by ‘radicalised’ inmate

Protesting prison guards blocked jails across France on Wednesday morning after two officers were left seriously wounded in an attack by a "radicalised" inmate. It's not the first time staff have been targeted by jihadist inmates.

Prisons blocked across France after guards attacked by 'radicalised' inmate
French prison guards protest after a previous attack by a radicalised inmate. Photo: AFP

Around 20 prisons were blocked across the country on Wednesday morning after unions representing guards called for action.

Protesting prison guards set fire to tyres and built barricades in front of the entrances to the establishments.

They vowed the no staff or visitors would gain access to the prisons as they protested to raise the alarm at the dangers they face on daily basis due to the number of radicalised prisoners.

“Colleagues want to go to work but we do not abandon them, we do not send them to die,” a local union leader at the Fleury-Merogis prison outside Paris, Thibault Capelle, told AFP.

 

The action follows Tuesday's incident when a “radicalised” inmate at a prison in northwest France seriously wounded two guards in a knife attack. 

He was later shot and injured in a police raid that also left his visiting partner fatally wounded.

Prisoner Michael Chiolo and his female partner had been holed up in the family-visiting area of the modern, high-security prison at Conde-sur-Sarthe 
in Normandy when police moved in and detained them, Interior Minister Christophe Castaner said on Twitter.

Both were shot and wounded in the operation and “the woman died” of her injuries, a source close to the case said, adding that Chiolo was less seriously wounded in the cheek.

Elite police units moved in some 10 hours after 27-year-old Chiolo wounded the prison guards with a knife which Justice Minister Nicole Belloubet suggested might have been smuggled into the prison by his partner.

“There is no doubt as to the terrorist nature of this attack,” Belloubet told reporters earlier.

Chiolo, who was serving a 30-year sentence, is thought to have become a “radicalised” Islamist while in prison.

He shouted “Allahu Akhbar” (God is Greatest) during his rampage in the family-visiting area, prison staff representative Alassanne Sall told AFP.

The latest violence comes as prison staff nationwide, who have been demanding better working conditions, have repeatedly staged protests on Tuesdays.

(AFP)

In January 2018, prison staff held three weeks of protests after a guard was attacked by a jihadist inmate at a high-security jail in northern France.

Experts and trade unions have consistently raised the alarm about the spread of extremism in French prisons, leading the government to build special facilities to house dangerous individuals who are sometimes held in solitary confinement.

The Conde-sur-Sarthe prison is one of France's most secure jails and does not suffer from overcrowding, unlike other facilities, according to Belloubet.

But despite having been identified as an extremist, Chiolo was not housed in a secure wing for radicalised inmates which was opened in September, she added.

The first “jihadist attack” launched from within a prison in France took place in September 2016, according to prison authorities.

A Moroccan, jailed for attempting to travel to Syria to join jihadists, attacked two guards with a knife at a prison in Osny, northwest of Paris, saying he was acting on behalf of the Islamic State.

Then in January 2018, a German Islamist extremist, Christian Ganczarski, jailed for helping organise an attack against a synagogue in Djerba, Tunisia, wounded three prison guards in a knife attack at Vendin-le-Vieil, northern France, prompting staff to demand better safety and working conditions.

 

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