Wild fires ravage Calanques park in southern France

Southern France has been scorched by more wild fires with the Calanques national park affected as 1,200 hectares burned across the region. There are risks of further fires in the Gard and the Rhone delta area.

Wild fires ravage Calanques park in southern France
Photo: AFP

The fires ignited on Monday afternoon and burned throughout the night in the departments of Bouches-du-Rhône, Aude and Tarn.

Although the fires were under control by Tuesday morning, authorities called for caution in the Gard department and the area around the Rhône river delta due to the risk of further blazes.

The Bouches-du-Rhone, where temperatures had topped 30C for several days, had been placed on alert for “exceptional danger” – the first time in many years.

They were given force by strong winds with the Mistral making the job far harder for the hundreds of firefighters and soldiers who were drafted in.

In all some 800 firefighters and 200 trucks were sent to tackle the bush fires. Canadair water-bombing planes were also dispatched until around 9pm.

Some residents in the southern part of Marseille were asked not to return home to avoid clogging the roads and making life difficult for firefighters.

In the Calanques national park the fire ignited not far from the Luminy University campus and by 10pm had burned around 350 hectares. Police believe it may have been started on purpose.

Some 800 hectares near the town of Tuchan  in the department of Aude were also burned

There were concerns the winds would help spread the fire towards the town on Cassis but the danger was averted.

By Tuesday morning authorities said the fire was more or less under control and they were hoping the drop in the strength of the winds will help them extinguish the blazes altogether.

“The wind should be almost nothing throughout the day and that is good news,” said a spokesman for the firefighters in the Bouches-du-Rhône.

There no victims or injured persons as a result of the fire and only isolated buildings were destroyed in the blaze.

However images of the wildfire were once again impressive enough to heighten fears in nearby Marseille, with smoke visible from the centre of the city.

In August wildfires sparked panic in the north of Marseille as 3,000 hectares burned and some 1,500 were affected with 30 totally destroyed.

A lack of rainfall throughout winter and a dry hot summer has made the whole south east region particularly susceptible to the outbreak of fires.

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France gets help from EU neighbours as wildfires rage

Firefighting teams and equipment from six EU nations started to arrive in France on Thursday to help battle a spate of wildfires, including a fierce blaze in the parched southwest that has forced thousands to evacuate.

France gets help from EU neighbours as wildfires rage

Most of the country is sweltering under a summer heatwave compounded by a record drought – conditions most experts say will occur more often as a result of rapid climate change.

“We must continue, more than ever, our fight against climate disruption and … adapt to this climate disruption,” Prime Minister Elisabeth Borne said after arriving at a fire command post in the village of Hostens, south of Bordeaux.

The European Commission said four firefighting planes would be sent to France from Greece and Sweden, as well as teams from Austria, Germany, Poland and Romania.

“Our partners are coming to France’s aid against the fires. Thank you to them. European solidarity is at work!” President Emmanuel Macron tweeted.

“Across the country over 10,000 firefighters and security forces are mobilised against the flames… These soldiers of fire are our heroes,” he said.

In total, 361 foreign firefighters were  dispatched to assist their 1,100 French colleagues deployed in the worst-hit part of the French southwest.

A first contingent of 65 German firefighters, followed by their 24 vehicles, arrived Thursday afternoon and were to go into action at dawn Friday, officials said.

Among eight major fires currently raging, the biggest is the Landiras fire in the southwest Gironde department, whose forests and beaches draw huge tourist crowds each summer.

It had already burned 14,000 hectares (35,000 acres) in July – the driest month seen in France since 1961 – before being contained, but it continued to smoulder in the region’s tinder-dry pine forests and peat-rich soil.

Since flaring up again Tuesday, which officials suspect may have been caused by arson, it has burned 7,400 hectares, destroyed or damaged 17 homes, and forced 10,000 people to quit their homes, said Lieutenant Colonel Arnaud Mendousse of the Gironde fire and rescue service.

Borne said nine firefighting planes are already dumping water on the blaze, with two more to be in service by the weekend.

“We battled all night to stop the fire from spreading, notably to defend the village of Belin-Beliet,” Mendousse told journalists in Hostens.

On several houses nearby, people hung out white sheets saying: “Thank you for saving our homes” and other messages of support for the weary fire battalions.

“You’d think we’re in California, it’s gigantic… And they’re used to forest fires here but we’re being overwhelmed on all sides — nobody could have expected this,” Remy Lahlay, a firefighter deployed near Hostens in the Landes de Gascogne natural park, told AFP.

With temperatures in the region hitting nearly 40C on Thursday and forecast to stay high until at least Sunday, “there is a very serious risk of new outbreaks” for the Landiras fire, the prefecture of the Gironde department said.

Acrid smoke has spread across much of the southwestern Atlantic coast and its beaches that draw huge crowds of tourists each summer, with the regional ARS health agency “strongly” urging people to wear protective face masks.

The smoke also forced the closing of the A63 motorway, a major artery toward Spain, between Bordeaux and Bayonne.

The government has urged employers to allow leaves of absence for volunteer firefighters to help fight the fires.

Meanwhile, in Portugal, more than 1,500 firefighters were also battling a fire that has raged for days in the mountainous Serra da Estrela natural park in the centre of the country.

It has already burned 10,000 hectares, according to the European Forest Fire Information System (EFFIS).