France's veteran Foreign Minister Laurent Fabius bowed out of government Wednesday after a three-decade career which saw an early string of scandals but ended with him overseeing a complex climate deal.
Fabius holds the distinction of being France's youngest ever prime minister, a post he took up at 37, and has remained a Socialist heavyweight, ending his career in the ornate hallways of the Quai d'Orsay as his country's top diplomat.
While amiable and sometimes witty in person, the intellectual 69-year-old also has a reputation for being aloof.
Nevertheless, his experience made him a popular foreign minister with the French people, who largely saw him as a fitting representative abroad.
He is expected to take up a position as head of France's Constitutional Court.
As foreign minister, Fabius helped to negotiate the Iran nuclear deal, as well as dealing with the thorny dossiers of the Syria conflict, and the growing threat of jihadism in western Africa, where French troops are deployed.
Journalists became accustomed to his pithy expressions. Whether discussing the Islamic State group or Nigeria's Boko Haram, he would often repeat: "They are fake believers, but true criminals."
He once slapped down UK Prime Minister David Cameron's attempts to reform the EU by saying: "You can't join a football club and decide in the middle of the match we are now going to play rugby."
However, it is Fabius's final big project which is likely to shape his legacy: sealing a historic deal to save mankind from global warning.
As host of the global climate talks at the end of 2015, he presided over 13 days of gruelling talks to get 195 nations to agree on transforming the energy system underlying the world economy.
While fending off rumours of ill health -- and a persistent suggestion that he suffered from Parkinson's -- Fabius threw himself into the complex world of climate science and politics for two years preceding the talks.
He made 12 trips to China, four each to India and Saudi Arabia, and also went to Brazil and South Africa to get them onboard and attempt to understand their concerns.
Fabius, who comes from a long line of art merchants, is independently wealthy, and his status as the richest of the Socialist ministers has been seen as off-putting to the rank and file.
Haughty, highly-pedigreed and clad in classic suits -- Hermes, according to one local report -- he has often been labelled a member of the "gauche caviar", the French term for a champagne Socialist.
Tainted blood scandal
Fabius followed the well-worn path to political power in France: graduating from the elite Ecole Normale Superieure and attending the National School of Public Administration (ENA).
A political wunderkind, he became a lawmaker aged 32. Then-president Francois Mitterrand appointed him as budget minister three years later and then sent him to the ministry of industry and research.
In 1984, he became France's youngest-ever prime minister.
However, Fabius would quickly face a major scandal, when French agents were caught after the sinking of the Greenpeace ship Rainbow Warrior in New Zealand as it was on its way to protest against a French nuclear test.
After initial government denials, Fabius later told journalists the French secret service was indeed behind the bombing, adding: "The truth of this affair is cruel."
However the biggest stain on his career was a scandal in the late 1980s in which blood infected with HIV was distributed in France, and later abroad, even when government became aware of the problem.
Hundreds were infected, and Fabius was charged with manslaughter, but acquitted in 1999. His health minister was convicted but never punished.
In more recent times, it is his 34-year-old son Thomas who has caused Fabius the most embarrassment.
Thomas Fabius has faced a raft of legal problems over his passion for gambling and is wanted in the United States for allegedly writing bounced cheques for millions of dollars at several Las Vegas casinos. He has also been charged with forgery in France