• France's news in English
 
app_header_v3

France's Muslim men suffer CV discrimination

AFP · 9 Oct 2015, 11:53

Published: 09 Oct 2015 11:53 GMT+02:00
Updated: 09 Oct 2015 11:53 GMT+02:00

The research was carried out by the Montaigne Institute think tank which sent out thousands of responses to job adverts using fictional characters.
   
The study found that men who identified as practising Muslims had a 4.7 percent chance of being asked for a job interview, compared to 17.9 percent of practising Catholics.
   
The overall figure for men and women showed Catholics were twice as likely as Muslims to get a callback for a job interview.
   
The job application discrimination against Jews was apparent but not as pronounced, with a 15.8-percent chance of landing an interview.
   
The study was carried out by Marie-Anne Valfort, a senior lecturer at Sorbonne University in Paris, who sent 6,231 responses to job adverts between 2013 and 2014.
   
All of her "candidates" were Lebanese, born in Beirut in 1988 with the last name Haddad.
   
But they had different first names depending on the religion they represented: Dov and Esther for Jews, Michel and Nathalie for Catholics, and Mohammed and Samira for Muslims.
    
They were also listed as having attended faith schools and scout groups linked to their religion.
   
The results were overwhelming: "the results reveal a strong discrimination against Muslims and Jews in France", the study concluded.
   
In the case of Muslims, it is even worse than the discrimination faced by African-Americans compared with whites in the United States.    
 
Valfort said the study only caught a small portion of the discrimination faced by job applicants since it did not continue to the interview stage.
   
"It probably under-estimates the level of discrimination: all studies show that discrimination is present at each step of recruitment," she said.
 
'Risk of insubordination'
 
Islam's image has been badly damaged in France, Valfort told AFP.    
 
"Studies show that the French automatically associate Islam with religious extremism and oppression of women," she said.
   
"These two stereotypes feed a very strong discrimination, particularly regarding male Muslims. The recruiter perceives an increased risk of transgressive religious practice in the workplace and associates it with a risk of insubordination," she added.
   
Valfort also created a "non-religious" set of candidates to see how that affected the results.
   
When "Mohammed" said he belonged to a secular association, he almost doubled his chances of getting a job interview compared with the "Mohammed"
who identified as a practising Muslim.
   
In a twist, the Catholic candidates almost halved their chances if they identified as secular instead of religious.
   
Story continues below…
"It's likely that an attachment to Catholicism is seen by recruiters as a sign that a man is more disciplined," the study said.
   
Her next question was whether the discrimination still held true for exceptionally gifted candidates.
   
She created profiles with excellent school results, skills and experience.
   
This removed discrimination when it came to women, with Jews and Muslims doing just as well as Catholics.
   
But for men, it actually made things worse: a gifted Catholic man was five times more likely to get an interview than a gifted Muslim, and 1.5 times more likely than a Jew.
   
The French government had toyed with the idea of anonymous CVs earlier this year, but preferred to put the emphasis on anti-discrimination training and punishment for offenders.
   
An employer found guilty of discrimination faces up to three years in prison and a fine of €45,000 euros.

Your comments about this article

Today's headlines
Aussie TV show accused of staging French burkini row
Photo: Channel 7 screengrab

Was an Australian TV report about France's burkini ban a set up to portray the French as "anti-Muslim"?

Five ways Paris is better than it was 15 years ago
All photos: AFP

Here's how one man says Paris has changed for the better over his last 15 years in the city.

Man in 60s wounds two in France supermarket shooting
Photo: AFP

A police SWAT team has surrounded gunman's apartment.

Paris makes 'history' by banning cars on river bank

The French capital is going green with a vengeance.

France's hospital doctors stage strike to highlight crisis
Photo: AFP

Unions have called for a "massive" walk-out among hospital doctors.

France's last 'real Camembert' cheese fights for survival
All photos: Charly Triballeau/AFP

It's a cheese maker's take on David and Goliath.

PSG's Serge Aurier sentenced to jail for attack on policeman
Photo: AFP

PSG player had attacked a police officer outside a night club on the Champs Elysées.

Paris city chiefs ready to let nudists hang out in park
Photo: AFP

A nudist park in Paris? "We're going to do it," says City Hall.

Hollande calls on UK to help solve Calais migrant crisis
Photo: AFP

The French president knows that immigration is a key issue of the presidential election battle.

Air France plane dumps fuel 'over Fontainebleau forest'
Photo: AFP

The mayor of the famous town near Paris is furious.

Sponsored Article
Why Jordan is the ‘Different’ East
Features
Room for improvement: Paris's matchbox apartments
'Stop telling immigrants to be French and help it happen'
Society
Take the test: How far have you assimilated into French culture?
Lifestyle
Eleven things you should know before moving to Paris
National
France's Marion Cotillard rebuffs rumours of fling with Brad Pitt
National
Eight arrested over links to Nice truck attacker
Features
Why everyone should party in a French chateau at least once
Travel
The Frenchman who hated 'Nazi-Zealand' after four-day hitch-hike fail
Culture
What's on: Ten exciting events across France in September
The 45-million year old underground shells that flavour Champagne
Features
French job speak: All the terms you need to know
'Resilient' Paris now a more appealing city than New York
National
France says it's OK to warn drivers about speed cameras
Meet Honorine, 113, the oldest person in France
Education
Grenoble named France's best city to be a student
Society
New Metro map reveals cheapest pints of beer in Paris
Business & Money
How reliant is the French economy on Paris?
Society
Here's why Parisians want to move to Bordeaux
And the 'best place to spend a weekend in Europe' is… Lyon
Analysis & Opinion
'Muslims in France must be considered ordinary citizens'
Armed guards to ride French trains from October
National
France among Europe's priciest for train travel
National
Paris set to make river bank car-free for six-month trial
2,732
jobs available