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IMMIGRATION

Schengen shows cracks with Tunnel incursions

More than 100 migrants stormed the Channel Tunnel early Saturday, penetrating a third of the way through and attacking staff in an incident that halted overnight traffic.

Schengen shows cracks with Tunnel incursions
Entrance to the tunnel near Coquelles, France. Photo: Billy69150/Wikimedia

The attempt to go through the tunnel from France to Britain came as the daily flow of thousands of migrants and refugees flocking to Europe's shores showed little sign of easing, with 168,000 migrants and refugees arriving in September alone, UN figures showed.

Most are seeking refuge in Germany or Sweden, but others have continued their journey to France in the hope of somehow crossing the Channel to reach England.

Traffic through the Channel Tunnel, which connects Britain and France, was halted for more than seven hours after a group of 113 migrants stormed into the tunnel in the hope of reaching the other side.

Train journeys resumed Saturday but with delays of up to three hours.

Eurotunnel, which operates the complex, said the incident was unprecedented, with migrants aggressively attacking its staff.

“This has never been seen before, it was a determined and well-planned attack,” a spokesman told AFP of the incident, which took place shortly after midnight (2230 GMT Friday) at the entrance to the tunnel near the northern French port city of Calais.

He said the group “ran through the terminal, pinning a number of staff members to the ground and throwing stones at them.”

A police source told AFP that earlier Friday evening there had been a substantial movement of migrants through Calais and towards the tunnel entrance “in the presence of  No Border militants” — an activist group backing free movement in Europe.

As Europe struggles with its biggest migration crisis since World War II, thousands have made their way towards France's northern coast in the hope of finding passage across the Channel to England.

Fabienne Buccio, head of the Pas-de-Calais region, said the group had demonstrated “a certain level of aggressiveness” during the breach.

A determined attempt

“Normally they stop before the security forces, but this time they wanted to get through,” she told AFP, saying they had managed to get a third of the way through the tunnel, which stretches some 50 kilometres (30 miles).

Buccio said two police and four migrants sustained light injuries in the incident.

French border police were repairing a large breach of nearly 30 metres (yards) in one of the many fences around the site.

Eurotunnel said it had closed the tunnel at around 12:30 am (2230 GMT on Friday) and services resumed by around 8:00 am.

Shortly afterwards, there was another attempt at Calais port when 300 migrants tried to get into the terminal through several different entrances as well as trying to board lorries, port security officials told AFP.

But they began to disperse when the police turned up around 10:30 am and blocked off the ring road leading to the port, an AFP correspondent said.

In August, the interior ministers of France and Britain signed an agreement to set up a new “command and control centre” to tackle smuggling gangs in Calais.

The move came after several weeks of attempts to penetrate the sprawling Eurotunnel site, the biggest of which was on August 3, when there were 1,700 attempts to get in.

Since then, major work to step up security has seen new barriers erected and more staff deployed along with sniffer dogs. The number of attempted break-ins has fallen to around 100 per night, police say.

Such attempts can be fatal: in the past three months, some 13 people have died while trying to reach the tunnel.

'Schengen's borders broken'

Meanwhile at Hungary's Beremend crossing on the border with Croatia, buses were awaiting to pick up the new arrivals after 4,987 people crossed on Friday, taking to 300,159 the total number who have entered so far this year.

Similar scenes were playing out on Croatia's border with Serbia with buses waiting to ferry the new arrivals directly to the Hungarian border. Zagreb said it had logged 5,000 new arrivals on Friday, taking the total since mid-September to 100,066 people.

Hungary is attaching razor wire to a fence erected at its border with Croatia, in a possible prelude to sealing the frontier to thousands of migrants.

Austria said it registered 2,683 new arrivals on Friday and another 2,363 in the early hours of Saturday.

Tens of thousands of people marched in the Austrian capital Vienna on Saturday in solidarity with the migrants.

The rally attracted a crowd of 60,000 according to the organisers, 20,000 according to police figures.

“All the refugees are welcome. It doesn't matter which war,  persecution or other cause has pushed them to flee,” said a spokesman for the collective of pro-asylum groups that organised the show of support.

With little end in sight, Norwegian Prime Minister Erna Solberg said she feared for Europe's borderless Schengen zone, urging countries to shore up their external frontiers.

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READER QUESTIONS

Reader question: If Britons are already resident in one EU country, can they move to another?

As British nationals face new rules on moving to EU and Schengen countries, readers are asking if already having residency in one EU member state allows them to move freely to another.

Reader question: If Britons are already resident in one EU country, can they move to another?
If you already call a European country home, how are your rights affected after Brexit? Photo: AFP
Question: I now have residency status in Italy, but I was wondering, does that allow me free movement within Europe or am I still bound by the conditions for all UK citizens?

This question is one of several similar queries The Local has received recently, as British nationals get to grips with new restrictions on travel and life in Europe.

EU membership and freedom of movement had previously allowed Britons to move abroad to live, work, and retire without the need for visas.

This had also allowed British nationals to then move freely from one EU member state to another.

But that is no longer the case, after British PM Boris Johnson and his government decided to end freedom of movement, including onward from one EU country to another.

Simply put, this means a British national wanting to move from one EU country to another would now need to apply for a long-stay or residency visa – in exactly the same way as if they were moving from the UK to the EU for the first time.

This is because rules are based on your citizenship, rather than on the country you have residency in.

So moving from one EU country to another, while still possible, is now more complicated.

READER QUESTION: Can Brits stay more than 90 days in the EU if they have a spouse with an EU passport?

For example, a British citizen now resident in France would not be able to move to Germany without going through the process for visas, because the freedom they used to leave the UK in the first place has ended.

Each EU country will have its own requirements for new residents. Italy, for example, has from January 1st 2021 introduced a new long-stay visa for British nationals hoping to move to the country.

No visa will be needed to stay in the EU or the wider Schengen zone for under 90 days in every 180 day period, but anyone planning a longer stay, or to do paid work, will have to apply for one.

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