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GREECE

France should lead way on EU reform: Greek PM

Greece's new PM Alexis Tsipras said he wants France to lead the way in bringing about political change in Europe after meeting the French President François Hollande in Paris on Wednesday.

France should lead way on EU reform: Greek PM
Alexis Tsipras says he wants France to play a key role in reforming the EU. Photo: Martin Bureau/AFP

Greek Prime Minister Alexis Tsipras called on France to play a key role in helping Europe return to growth, following a meeting with President Francois Hollande in Paris on Wednesday.

"We need a new accord in Europe for the return of growth and social cohesion, and in this effort we certainly need France playing a role of guarantor, a protagonist for this political change," said Tsipras.

The premier is on a whistle-stop tour of Europe to drum up support for his newly elected anti-austerity government's plans to renegotiate Greek debt.

His government has received a relatively sympathetic hearing in France, which has also pushed back against austerity demands from Brussels.

"France is a force for stability in Europe, and I think the stability of the European Union requires a change of policy — a determined turn towards growth," said Tsipras.

"I am certain that our partners want to listen to us and I am equally certain that we can work together to overcome the crisis in Greece and at the same time help Europe overcome its own crisis."

"We are not a threat to Europe."

Hollande said it was right for Greece to work closely with France, which he described as a "specialist in reform" — despite criticism from some parts of Europe that his government has done little to revamp its own struggling economy.

"We reminded Prime Minister Tsipras… that we are available to share our experience and expertise on certain reforms that Greece wishes to carry out, including fiscal reform, on which we are specialists," said Hollande

In the meantime, Hollande said the priority was more open discussions among Europe's leaders.

"This dialogue should take place in transparency and calm, and with a willingness to find a solution."

EUROPEAN UNION

Macron outlines plans to ‘rebuild’ Europe on Greece trip

French President Emmanuel Macron sketched a plan to "rebuild" the European Union through wider democracy and public accountability at the start of a two-day visit to Greece on Thursday.

Macron outlines plans to 'rebuild' Europe on Greece trip
Macron gives a speech on Pnyx Hill in Athens. AFP
Choosing a symbol of ancient Athenian democracy — Pnyx Hill — for his speech, Macron said he intended to present fellow European leaders with a “roadmap” to fix Europe for the next decade.
   
“Our generation can choose to (do this)… we must find the strength to rebuild Europe,” said the 39-year-old centrist, making his first visit to Greece as president.
   
“We share a history and a destiny… we must defend this heritage,” Macron said, with the brightly lit Acropolis as his backdrop.
   
The proposals, which formed part of Macron's election campaign platform earlier this year, would be submitted to European citizens early next year for a six-month debate.
 
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The Macrons listen to the speech of the Greek Prime Minister on the Pnyx hill. AFP   
 
They include cross-state candidate tickets for the next European Parliament elections, scheduled for 2019, and more democratic legitimacy for the eurozone.
   
“Let us put together a eurozone parliament which would enable the creation of democratic responsibility,” the French president said.
   
At present, economically weak states such as Greece decry the powers wielded by eurozone finance ministers to determine long-term fiscal policy.
 
Their body, the Eurogroup, is not elected.
   
The former economy minister and banker argued that losing the EU would be “a form of political and historic suicide,” especially at a time when only a united bloc can protect its citizens from cross-border threats such as climate change and terrorism.
   
But also, only Europe had a tradition of respecting human rights, equality and social justice, he claimed.
 
IMF must show 'good faith' to stay on
   
Earlier Thursday, with Greek Prime Minister Alexis Tsipras at his side, Macron delighted his hosts by warning the International Monetary Fund to refrain from demanding cuts beyond those already agreed, in upcoming talks.
   
“The IMF's position should be in good faith and without added requirements,” Macron said as Greece prepares to reopen reform talks in return for another tranche of bailout cash.
   
Greece's third rescue programme, currently financially supported by EU states alone, runs to August 2018.
   
The IMF has said it will only contribute to the programme if EU creditors take further steps to lighten Greece's debt load, which has yet to happen over strenuous objections by Germany.
   
Macron on Wednesday bemoaned that the EU had to turn to outside assistance in the first place to rescue Greece in 2010, noting that this reflected a “lack of confidence” between European member states and institutions.
   
“I don't think that having the IMF supervise European programmes is a good method… the credibility and sovereignty of Europe justified doing things differently,” Macron said.
   
Macron said European rescues were not the IMF's “primary vocation” and that in Greece's case, European ministers spend an excessive amount of time agonising over growth forecasts 25 years into the future, at the global lender's behest.
   
“If you could tell me my own country's growth forecast in three years I'd be happy,” he quipped.
   
Greece, on the receiving end of two multi-billion euro rescues in which the IMF has been a part since 2010, has frequently complained of the Washington-based lender's demands for fiscal cuts and labour reform.
   
But Germany in particular has insisted on retaining the IMF, at least in a supervisory role.
 
Turkey 'essential' on migration, terror
 
Macron also had a word of caution to German Chancellor Angela Merkel, saying the EU had to avoid any sharp break with Turkey.
 
“I wish to avoid a rupture because (Turkey) is an essential partner in many crises we jointly face, specifically the migration challenge and the terrorist threat,” Macron told Kathimerini newspaper.
   
Merkel said over the weekend that she would ask the EU to call off membership talks with Turkey, adding “I don't see them ever joining”.
   
The EU and Turkey last year sealed an agreement which has helped to stem the flow of hundreds of thousands of refugees and migrants into Greece.
   
Ankara has threatened to rescind the deal at times when tensions have flared with Brussels over human rights.