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RECAP: 3.7 million take to streets in France

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RECAP: 3.7 million take to streets in France
Crowds remained after dark at the Place de la Republique where Sunday's march began hours earlier. Photo:AFP
13:06 CET+01:00
Hundreds of thousands of people, including over 50 heads of states, took to the streets in Paris and across France on Sunday to send out the message that they will not be cowed by Islamist extremism. As many as 1.5 million marched in Paris and hundreds of thousands more across the country.

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  • Crowds gather for historic march through the streets of Paris
  • Over 50 world leaders expected including the Israeli PM and Palestinian president
  • Man resembling Paris gunman Coulibaly claims Isis links in posthumous video
  • Jewish schools in France could be given army protection

19:52 - In memory of the victims

We are going to wrap up this live blog at the end of an historic and emotional day in France. 

We are unlikely to ever see scenes like that again and let's we hope we never do.

We'll end our live coverage with a reminder of the names of the 17 people who lost their lives in the terror attacks that brought so many people out on to the streets of Paris today. Thanks for following the coverage.

Elsa Cayat

Mustapha Ourrad

Michel Renaud

Frédéric Boisseau

Ahmed Merabet

Franck Brinsolaro

Bernard Maris

Stephane Charbonnier

Jean Cabut

Georges Wolinski

Bernard Verlhac

Philippe Honoré

Clarissa Jean Philippe

Yohan Cohen

Yoav Hattab

Philippe Braham

François-Michel Saada 

19:50 - The end of a historic day

The crowds have started to disperse and people are starting to head home at the end of a historic day.  

19:45 - Expats support their beloved France on streets of Paris

Many expats have also turned out for today's march, as AFP reports.

The news agency quotes Brazilian Marie Badas, who is in the midst of the giant crowds and has lived in Paris for 40 years as saying:

"No one messes with my France! Paris is the city of light. I learned to read by reading Charlie Hebdo,"

Another woman, Sandra Silvia, 52, from Venezuela is wrapped in a huge French flag and has also dressed her little dog in the Tricolore.

"In any country, it would have been horrifying, but this isn't any country -- this is France. The country of human rights, of freedom, of literature, of the arts. France is a symbol," she said.

Nearby, a Kurdish man in his forties named Durdu has covered himself from top to toe in "Je Suis Charlie" stickers and others that say "Secularism, freedom of expression and anti-racism".

"For several months, we've been fighting a war in Kurdistan against those who sympathise with the people who killed Charlie. It's the same mentality," said the shopkeeper who has lived in France for 19 years.

19:30 - Danish PM falls over

Danish Prime Minister Helle Thorning-Schmidt had an unfortunate fall after the march that didn't escape the cameras, as our Denmark correspondent tweets.

19:12 - Hollande and Netanyahu cheered at synagogue

The two leaders are at the synagogue to pay tribute to the victims of the shootings at the kosher store.

There were also chants of "Viva Israel".

Last night Netanyahu told Jewish people living in France to come "home" to Israel.

18:55 - BREAKING - 3.3 million on the streets of France

That's the latest figure from organisers anyway. And looking at the pics from cities and towns all over France, you'd have no reason to doubt those numbers.

At least 3.3 million people marched against extremism throughout France on Sunday, according to an AFP tally of provisional official figures, in what the interior ministry has dubbed an "unprecedented" mobilisation.

In Paris alone, an organiser estimated that up to 1.5 million people had taken to the streets earlier Sunday.

18:47 - Homage at the synagogue in Paris

François Hollande as well as several ministers including the PM Manuel Valls are expected at the Synagogue de Paris to pay respects to the four victims of the shooting at the kosher store.  

Nicolas Sarkozy is also at the synagogue and was applauded as he entered the building. 

Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu will also make a speech at the synagogue although we understand François Hollande will not stay to hear it.

The last time Netanyahu spoke at a memorial for the murder of French Jews at the hands of an Islamist extremist, he was accused of hijacking the service for electioneering.

18:36 - They are still chanting Charlie out there

18:29 - Not everyone feels safe in France now

The Local's Oliver Gee has been speaking to members of the Jewish community among the crowds and some are worried after another anti-Semitic attack.

"Honestly. I don't feel safe today," Joseph Spitezki, aged 34, tells The Local.

"Two years ago it was a Jewish school. Today a supermarket. People are afraid. Can we still be a Jew in France. In Europe? At this march I feel safe," he adds.

"But what will happen tomorrow? I'm not sure that French people understand. They talk of freedom of expression but the problem is deeper. I see "Je suis Charlie" but I dont see enough of "I am Jewish"."

Joseph Spitezki says he feels scared in Paris. Photo: The Local

"People are more than scared in my community. For the first time since the Holocaust, La Victoire synagogue in Paris was closed," the researcher continues.

"Around 1,200 French people went to fight in Syria, they were born here. What will happen when they come back?

It's sad to think they studied here but hate France and Jews. It's a massive problem. I'm worried about the future of France future but we have to live here."

18:25 - 'The first time at a protest people applaud the police'

Street protests in France, especially those in recent months often end up with violent clashes with police, whether its environmentalists, anti-gay marriage or pro-Palestine rallies. Today was different however. The police, who lost three of  their officers this week, were applauded by the crowd.

"It's the fist time I've ever seen that," one marcher, named Beatrice, told us.

18:14 - Six months is a long time

The image below was taken in July when anti-Israel / pro-Palestinian demonstrators fought with police at Place de la Republique in Paris. Strange to think that Israel PM and Palestinian president Mahmud Abbas were both in that square today at a march for unity, solidarity and peace.

Will today change anything?

18:06 - Night descends but the streets are still full

It's now about six hours since people started gathering in Paris for today's march, which in the end appears to have been just a sea of people rather than a march. But the streets are still full and the Marseillaise is being sung for what I make to be the 88th time today.

18:03 - Aerial shot of the march/rally/throng/sea of people

18:00 - March took place under high security

17:54 - Another cartoon to add to the list...

17:49 - But it's not just in Paris that they're marching...

This map shows, people have been congregating in their hundreds of thousands, to call for unity, solidarity and freedom.

The numbers are for the numbers of thousands: 

17:43 Paris march 'largest ever'

The magnitude of the estimated 2-million strong Paris march was 'unprecedented', the French interior ministry has said, according to AFP  as hundreds of thousands of people joined an emotionally-charged rally through the capital.

"The demonstrators are scattered over a much larger area than the routes initially planned for," the ministry said, after one of the march organisers said up to 1.5 million people had flooded Paris

17:38 - Our pencils are stronger than your 'kalashnikovs'

17:35 - Some more images from the march and those who are there:

17:20 - 'I won't change the way I live'

Our reporters at the march have been asking some of those there today whether the attacks will make them change the way they live and the way the country is as a whole.

Emilie, 29, pictured on the left said: "We have to prove we can still be happy while protecting our liberty. It's worth fighting for. I am not afraid. I won't change the way I live , but it's true people are frightened, but it's important not to change."

Her friend, also called Emilie (right), aged 30, said: "This won't help the Muslims and the Jews in France because even before these attacks racism was on the rise in France. I am worried about the far right National Front becoming more powerful because of this. People are really concerned about the next election."

17:15 - From Rome - 'What happened is a real tragedy'

An estimated 500 people gathered outside the French embassy in Rome to show their support with France, while calling on Europeans to come together in the face of a threat that is no longer "far away from home".

People held "I am Charlie" signs in tribute to those who died, others laid flowers and signed a book of condolences.

"What happened was a real tragedy but we all have to come together on this, we are all European," said Patricizia Ponsicchi, from Rome.

"Naturally we do feel a little afraid about any threat against Italy but we have to try and resist this fear otherwise we'll lose our freedom, and without that, what do we have?"

Brigitte is French but has lived in Italy for 38 years.

"This attack has made me more fearful. It's something that no longer feels far away from home. You fear catching a plane, getting on a train or even walking in a busy square."

17:13 - Muslims in Spain show their solidarité

This is from our reporter in Madrid Jessica Jones.

17:11 - Ministers want to boost surveillance

While heads of state and prime ministers march on the streets of Paris, behind the scenes at the Elysée Palace EU interior ministers have been meeting with their US and Canadian counterparts to discuss plans for closer surveillance of air travellers.
French foreign minister, Bernard Cazaneuve used the meeting to call for European sharing of information on air passengers. The ministers together called for tighter controls at the EU’s external borders.
The move has received support from German foreign minister Thomas de Maiziere. he dismissed critics of the move, saying “Whoever still rejects a European passenger data agreement doesn’t know the hour has struck,” according to Deutsche Welle.
Sharing data on air passengers has been favoured by the European Commission, but has been held up by the European Parliament's Civil Liberties Committee, something British Prime Minister David Cameron said was “frankly ridiculous”, according to the Telegraph.
President of the EU Council Donald Tusk said after the meeting that he would appeal to European Parliament to speed up work on the system.
Following the talks, US Attorney General Eric Holder announced that allies would be invited to a security summit in Washington next month.
The attacks in Paris have been followed by calls from many quarters for increased surveillance powers. On Friday, head of British spy agency MI5 Andrew Parker said his “sharpest concern” was "the growing gap between the increasingly challenging threat and the decreasingly availability of capabilities to address it.”
17:07 - Will we ever see an image like this again?

Let's hope not.

16:57 - BREAKING - '1.5 million' people on the streets of Paris

According to organisers there are 1.5 million people on the streets if Paris today. There's at least half a million people on the streets of other towns and cities around France today.

That's how important it is:

16:51 - Support from London

This image shows the pen and pencil tribute in London today.

16:45 - Some images from the rally in Paris:

The placard here says: "Le Pen don't touch my pencil"

16:38 - 'The first time in my life I have protested'

From our reporter on the scene Oliver Gee:

The atmosphere at the march is certainly not one that you'd expect at a march to pay homage to 17 victims of terrorism.

While it may be sombre around at the front of the cortege where the heads of state and the families of the victims are, it certainly isn't among the tens of thousands of people behind them.

It's almost like a huge release of tension that has built up in recent days. You can hear cheers, rounds of applause and many, many renditions of the national anthem.

There's a real sense of defiance and pride.

Julien, aged 30 tells me: "It's the first time in my life I have protested against anything. It's the only cause that's been important enough. Freedom of speech is so important to the French people. It is typically French. It's in our DNA."

16:35 - And they are marching in Rome too:

Where our reporter Rosie Scammell will be reporting from.

16:32 - Not just France that's been hit by murderous acts in recent days

Just for a bit of perspective, it's worth remembering that while Paris was shaken by three shootings in  three days, around 2,000 people, mainly women and children were being slaughtered by Islamic extremists in Nigeria.

16:30 - They are also marching in Dublin:

16:28  - Charlie Hebdo pencil tribute in London

More than a thousand people gathered in London Sunday to honour the victims of Islamist attacks in Paris, raising pensils to the sky in memory of those killed at satirical magazine Charlie Hebdo.

Some in the crowd at Trafalgar Square carried placards saying "Je suis Charlie" and waved French flags.

Those attending the event created a giant circle made up of pencils and baguettes which also featured a giant paper heart carrying messages including "I Am A British Muslim" and "Vive La France" (Long Live France).

The demonstration came as hundreds of thousands of people including world leaders joined a unity march through Paris in the wake of the devastating attacks that left 17 dead, most at the magazine and at a Jewish supermarket.

"It's the whole of France that they tried to shoot down and I wanted to say no, it will not be like that. I am here for freedom of the press and freedom of expression equally," Romain Abjean, a French teacher who has lived in Britain for ten years, told AFP.

"I hope that now, in these terrible circumstances, everyone will learn to live together, as in societies like England."

16:24 - Doubts whether Al Qaeda were behind the attacks? 

US Attorney General Eric Holder said on Sunday there was no "credible information" as yet that Al-Qaeda was behind the attacks in France that have killed 17 people.
"At this point, we don't have any credible information that would allow us to make a determination as to which organization was responsible," Holder said in an interview from Paris with ABC's "This Week."
"We'll certainly have to see exactly who was responsible (to) determine what kind of retaliation would be appropriate," he said. "But we stand in solidarity with the French."
16:17 - BREAKING: At least half a million on the streets of French towns 

THis pic shows Place de la Republique absolutely packed, with marchers unable to make much progress towards Place de la Nation. According to AFP another 500,000 are marching through towns and cities across the country.

16:13 - Blockage at Republique

Although the march was meant to begin an hour ago, the throng has hardly moved at all. People are reporting that all the streets around Place de La Republique are all blocked.

"I'm in the street parallel to Republique and its not moving at all" one marcher  has just texted The Local. 

16:08 - 'We are looking each other in the eye today'

A man with Charlie's Angels written on his forehead, who does not want to give his name tells The Local: "Things will never be the same again in France. It's a weird strange atmosphere.

"There is an electric feeling in the air. People are looking each other in the eye for the first time today - as French, as humans. We are concerned but we are trying not to crack under the pressure. Everyone wants to show they are not scared."

16:02 - In memory of the victims

Below are the names of those people killed in the attacks that have brought so many people out on to the streets today. 

Elsa Cayat

Mustapha Ourrad

Michel Renaud

Frédéric Boisseau

Ahmed Merabet

Franck Brinsolaro

Bernard Maris

Stephane Charbonnier

Jean Cabut

Georges Wolinski

Bernard Verlhac

Philippe Honoré

Clarissa Jean Philippe

Yohan Cohen

Yoav Hattab 

Philippe Braham

François-Michel Saada

15:56 - Hollande comforts families, friends, colleagues of victims

Hollande comforts the editor in chief of Charlie Hebdo Patrick Pelloux, who was in London at the time of the attacks:

The French President has broken away from the front of the march to greet the families of the victims. He's been moving among the families who are just behind the front of the cortege. Hollande hugs the twin brother of one of the policeman who was killed outside the Charlie Hebdo offices on Wednesday and some of the journalists who survived the attack.

15:52 - BREAKING: Kouachi wife condemns attacks
The wife of Chérif Kouachi, one of the two Charlie Hebdo gunman “has condemned her husband’s actions,” according to her lawyer, quoted by le Nouvel Observateur.
“She has expressed her disgust and has condemned violence,” lawyer Christian Saint-Palais said, according to the paper. According to him, the woman had no idea her husband was planning a terrorist atrocity, and was “stupefied” by what happened.
The woman has also said her thoughts are with the victims, and said her reaction “was the same as the national community,” Saint-Palais continued.
The woman was taken into custody following the attacks, but was released after 72 hours.
15:44 - 'Today is a day for the French to feel proud'

Our reporter on the scene Oliver Gee sums up the atmosphere and the sentiment among of the crowd:

"There are people on the streets in every direction, down every street you can see. People are warm, friendly. They are chanting, singing, bursting into spontaneous rounds of applause. There are people hanging off balconies, hanging off trees and lampposts, waving flags. There are those expressing support for Charlie Hebdo, but also for the police and the Jewish community.

Everyone we speak to says how important today's march is for the French people. Freedom of speech is such a core value to the French people and they want to show it today. It's a day for the French to feel proud."

15:44 - A moment of silence

The head of the march stops for what appears to be a minute's silence, broken only by the sound of the photographers snapping away.

15:41 - Some pics from the march: 

This top one shows the families of the victims of the Charlie Hebdo killing wearing whie headbands with the name "Charlie".

15:34 - 'Humanity more important than religion'

From our reporter at the Place de la Republique, Oliver Gee:

It's packed as far as the eye can see. The crowd breaks out into the now common chant of "Nous sommes Charlie" (we are Charlie) but also chants of "We are not scared" and "Vive la France".

The mood is upbeat and positive, very different to the mood of the impromptu vigils in the same square over the past few days. People are showing their resilience.

Musician Herve Hennequin, 56 told The Local: "We need to reflect a lot after this week. It's the most important week for France since World War Two. We are different people from different religions. We are human. Today religion is not the most important thing in France, it is humanity."

15:31 - Hollande arm and arm with Merkel

The heads of state are now arm in arm together in a sign of unity. Hollande is linked with Merkel and the presdient of Mali andthey are applauded by people from balconies of apartments above the street. They are waving up at those at cheering them. We can hear chants of "Charlie" coming from above  them. They stop and pause regularly, before a throng of cameramen, journalists and security personnel.

15:26 - And the march begins tentatively in silence

Incredible scene of the heads of state lined up almost arm in arm at the head of the march, taking tentative steps to start this historic march of unity. 

Behind them are the families and friends of the victims of those killed over the three days of terror.

15:22 - Heads of state at the front of the cortege

15:15 - French ministers and politicians line up at front of cortege

15:11 - 'My heart is with you France'

Support for France has been pouring in from all over the world, including through our Facebook page.

15:06 - Murdered Jews to be buried in Israel

The four people who were killed at the Jewish supermarket on Friday by Amedy Coulibaly will be buried in Israel, a community spokesman told AFP on Sunday.

"The four families decided to bury their dead in Israel. The funerals will be held on Tuesday at 10:00 am in the Mount of Olives cemetery" in Jerusalem, the source said.

14:58 - Sarkozy, Cameron, Rajoy, Samaras on their way to the rally

Never seen so many world leaders queuing up for a bus before. 

14:50 - Is France really at war?

A lot of politicians and commentators have talked about France being at war in recent years., whether against terrorism, extremism or even Islam itself.

Here's what Laurent Joffrin the editor of Liberation had to say about it:

Is it war? No. As terrible as it is, as bloody as it's been, terrorism is not war. It looks like it sometimes, of course.

A bloody assault, a hostage taking, an arduous and bloody hunt, a brutal conclusion that ends with the death of the murderers and several hostages.

Paris overrun by armed police vans, and the uninterrupted noise of sirens, deaths added to deaths, echoed infinitely via the countless loudspeakers of the live media...

But yet, terrorism is not war.

Those who call for a state of emergency, who use warlike rhetoric, and are ready to demand exceptional laws, are strongly mistaken. The real war pits armies against each other, causing thousands of deaths, destroying cities and societies. 

CLICK HERE to read more of Joffrin's editorial

14:46 - Hollande welcomed leaders earlier:

14:41 - Incredible scenes at Place de le Republique

Huge crowds are now pouring into the square. with reports that Metro trains across Paris are jam packed. Estimates of several hundred thousand people in the area, even if not all of them can squeeze onto the square itself.

THis was the scene earlier but the square is jam-packed now.

14:38 - No room for Netanyahu on the bus

Israeli PM was forced to wait for the next bus to the march after being told the first was full. He was among the world's leaders gathering at the ELysée Palace, who will be bussed to Place de La Republique.

14:35 - Words of the Marseillaise

If you are going to the march you can expect to hear the Marseillaise today:

So here's the lyrics:

Allons enfants de la patrie,
Le jour de gloire est arrivé!
Contre nous de la tyrannie
L'etendard sanglant est levé! (bis)
Entendez-vous dans les campagnes,
Mugir ces féroces soldats?
Ils viennent jusque dans nos bras
Égorger nos fils, nos compagnes!


Aux armes, citoyens!
Formez vos bataillons!
Marchons! Marchons!
Qu'un sang impur
Abreuve nos sillons!


14:28 Some images from demonstrations around France today via Twitter

14:22 - Ministers discuss fight against terrorism

Before the march today, interior ministers from numerous countries held a conference on how to improve global security to prevent the kind of bloodshed we have seen in Paris in recent days.

On their wish list is for countries to share flight information about suspects and for internet companies to cooperate in tackling terrorism.

"We forcefully noted the need for greater cooperation with Internet companies to guarantee the reporting and removal of illegal content, particularly content that makes apologies for terrorism or promotes violence or hate," said French Interior Minister Bernard Cazeneuve.

14:19 - Shooting of jogger linked to Coulibaly

While the crowds march, the investigation in to the terror attacks is ongoing. We are hearing today that the shooting of a jogger on Wednesday has been linked to the the kosher store gunman Amedy Coulibaly. This from AFP:

French prosecutors said Sunday they had linked the attacker of a Jewish supermarket to the shooting of a jogger in southern Paris just hours after a massacre by two other gunmen at the Charlie Hebdo

In a statement the Paris prosecutor's office said there was a link between "the bullets found in Fontenay-aux-Roses" where the jogger was shot and injured, and those from a Russian Tokarev pistol used by Amedy Coulibaly in the supermarket attack.

14:15 - Certain amount of irony in Paris today

Plenty of people on the Twittersphere pointing out the irony of several world leaders joining today's march for freedom of speech, when their own countries don't exactly have a great track record when it comes to liberty of the press. Russia, Turkey and Egypt, they're talking about you.

14:13 - Families of victims arrive at rally

At the head of the today's rally will be members of the families and the friends of the 17 victims and those left injured in the three attacks. The families have been gathering a short distance from the march and have now been bussed to the head of the rally,where they will lead the cortege alongside the world leaders.

14:09 - Chants of "Charlie, Charlie" and "We are not afraid"

Here's a pic from our reporter Priscillia Charles, who has managed to squeeze her way through the crowds at Place de la Republique.

14:07  -  Merkel, Cameron and Netanyahu at the Elysée 

German Chancellor Angela Merkel, UK Prime Minister David Cameron and Israeli PM Benjamin Netanyahu have arrived at the Elysée Palace. They will presumably be bussed over to the start of the march by 3PM.

14: 00 - 'I am Charlie, I am a cop'

Support not just for Charlie Hebdo and freedom of expression, but for the police, three of whom were killed in the three attacks.

13:53 - Hollande first President to march since Mitterrand

When François Hollande lines up alongside marchers on Sunday he'll become the first French president to do so since François Mitterand in 1990. Interestingly Mitterand chose to march to express his disgust at the vandalism of a Jewish cemetery in Carpentras. Four years later several neo-nazis were imprisoned for the attack.

13:51 - People make their way to Republique

13:48 - 'There are no French Jews or French Muslims'

The question of how France's religious communities fit into a secular country has long been a sensitive question, but never more so than today. 

French Political journalist Olivier Mazerolle makes it clear: "There are no French Jews or French Muslims, just French people, some of whom are Jewish and some of whom are Muslims".

13:45 - Other rallies around Europe

While all eyes will be on Paris there are other similar rallies taking place around Europe today, including one in Stockholm, which our colleague at The Local Sweden are covering.

13:40 - March being broadcast around the world

Along with the marchers and the politicians, there are also hundreds of members of the world's press who have made Paris their home in recent days. The historic march and its message of unity and resistance against terrorism will be broadcast around the world. 

13:37 - 'We are not afraid'

Place de la Republique is already full, not just of French people but there's flags flying from countries around the world alongside the tricolours. 

Their chant is "We are not afraid". 

13:31 - 'France is strong enough to fight terrorism'

Our reporter Oliver Gee is among the crowds at Place de la Republique this afternoon. He has spoken to a couple of marchers about the significance of today.

"There's never been such a big gathering in France before," said school pupil Claire Lemaire, aged 14. "It's good to know there's a cause to defend and share. This will be an historic moment in the history of France," she added.

Receptioniste Faroudja added: "It's important to march today for liberty. We have to stop the war,the guns, the terrorism, everything. I'm not worried about the future of France. The country is strong. We are strong enough to fight terrorism."

13:23 - Flags and placards

No doubt the French public will be demonstrating their anger over the killings at Charlie Hebdo with placards and banners. Here's an example of a couple, that shows the fallen journalists at the French magazine.

13:19 - World leaders on the streets 

Here's a full list of the ministers, prime ministers and presidents who will be marching in Paris today.


   French President Francois Hollande
   German Chancellor Angela Merkel
   British Prime Minister David Cameron
   Italian Prime Minister Matteo Renzi
   Spanish Prime Minister Mariano Rajoy
   Romanian President Klaus Iohannis
   European Commission President Jean-Claude Juncker
   European Parliament President Martin Schulz
   European Union President Donald Tusk
   NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg
   Polish Prime Minister Ewa Kopacz
   Danish Prime Minister Helle Thorning-Schmidt
   Belgian Prime Minister Charles Michel
   Dutch Prime Minister Mark Rutte
   Greek Prime Minister Antonis Samaras
   Irish Prime Minister Enda Kenny
   Spanish Prime Minister Mariano Rajoy
   Portuguese Prime Minister Pedro Passos Coelho
   Czech Prime Minister Bohuslav Sobotka
   Slovakian Prime Minister Robert Fico
   Latvian Prime Minister Laimdota Straujuma
   Bulgarian Prime Minister Boïko Borissov
   Hungarian Prime Minister Viktor Orban
   Croatian Prime Minister Zoran Milanovic
   Luxembourg Prime Minister Xavier Bettel
   Maltese Prime Minister Joseph Muscat
   Slovenian Prime Minister Miro Cerar
   Swedish Prime Minister Stefan Lofven
   Finnish Prime Minister Alexander Stubb
   Ukrainian President Petro Poroshenko
   Swiss President Simonetta Sommaruga
   Kosovo President Atifete Jahjaga
   Albanian Prime Minister Edi Rama
   Turkish Prime Minister Ahmet Davutoglu
   Norwegian Prime Minister Erna Solberg
   Georgian Prime Minister Irakli Garibachvili
   Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov
   Austrian Foreign Minister Sebastian Kurz


US Attorney General Eric Holder
Canadian Public Safety Minister Steven Blaney


Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu and Foreign Minister Avigdor Lieberman
Jordanian King Abdullah II and Queen Rania
Palestinian Authority President Mahmud Abbas
United Arab Emirates Foreign Minister Sheikh Abdullah bin Zayed al-Nahayan
Qatari Sheikh Mohamed Ben Hamad Ben Khalifa Al Thani
Bahrain Foreign Minister Sheikh Khaled ben Ahmed Al Khalifa and Prince
Abdullah Ben Hamad al-Khalifa


Malian President Ibrahim Boubacar Keita

Gabonese President Ali Bongo
Niger President Mahamadou Issoufou
Benin President Thomas Boni Yayi
Tunisian Prime Minister Mehdi Jomaa
Algerian Foreign Minister Ramtane Lamamra

13:10 - Tens of thousands in Place de la Republique

Two hours before the march is officially due to begin and Place de la Republique is already packed with tens of thousands of members of the public. If you're heading down to the area you'd be wise to go early. Here's the route the rally will take.

13:00 - Paris the capital of the world today

We're going to kick off this live blog on what is an historic day in France with a quote from President François Hollande. 

"Today Paris is the capital of the world", he said. Never before will so many global leaders and so many ordinary folk have taken to the streets together in a united show of defiance and solidarity. 

Hollande will join the leaders from the UK, Spain, Italy and Israel and the Palestinian territories in a march of unity. He has called on as many French people as possible to join him and "rise up" against terrorism.

 "The entire country will rise up," he told ministers, according to his entourage, as the country reels from an Islamist killing spree that left 17 people dead.

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