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Ten tips for working as a freelancer in France

Working as a freelancer in France, especially in the world of writing, is considered a dream job. But it is not always easy to succeed. So The Local has spoken to three experienced France-based freelancers and put together a list of vital tips.

Ten tips for working as a freelancer in France
Photo:Lyndsey E/Flickr

For some working as a freelancer in France is their preferred career choice. There’s no rigid 9 to 5 hours, no everyday commute on the Metro, no being told what to do by a boss and a chance to spend more time with the kids.

But for others it’s often the only way to start out in France with the chances of securing a permanent job (CDI) often limited, especially for someone whose French language ability is not quite up to scratch.

But getting going is not always as straightforward as it might seem.

“The reality of working as a freelancer is far from the romantic image of people sitting outside a café, knocking out a 5,000-word article, sending it off, and taking the money. For a start the cafés are too expensive in France,” freelance writer and journalist James Harrington, who is based in south-western France, tells The Local.

But there is work out there for freelancers, and to help you get to a point when you can relax and spare a bit of money to sit in a café, The Local has come up with ten tips to follow based on the advice of successful freelancers.

1. Do the paperwork early

“Everyone knows the bureaucracy in France is a nightmare so just accept it and get on with it,” says James Harrington a freelance journalist and writer. He says the key is not to let the paperwork become a big issue, so that means dealing with it as soon as it appears. That means declaring your taxes in May and paying them when the bill arrives in September. Or…

“Go the extra mile and do things like setting up your tax payments to pay monthly. Do it early in the process,” he said. Harrington also advises freelancers not to be scared of the bureaucrats. “They have the reputation of being cold and frosty but it’s not true. Every time they tell you to do something, just do it,” he said.

2. Join a cooperative

Many freelancers start out in France on the country’s auto-entrepreneur scheme, for self employed people, which writer and translator Céline Foggie says is a good way to begin. Foggie, who lives near Lyon said it’s wise to take the next step and join a worker’s cooperative, known in France as a SCOP (LINK) (Société Cooperative et Participative) which help the self-employed start up their own businesses.

“I pay ten percent of my earnings to the cooperative but for that they do all my accounting. They also go after clients who don’t pay. They also send me payslips and issue me a permanent contract which really helps when it comes to things like finding a flat,” Foggie says. “They also give me advice and talk about my business and they have their own networks, which helps. When it comes to choosing a cooperative its worth asking around and doing you research.”

3. Keep contact professional

Starting out as a freelancer requires you to send out dozens of emails and make dozens of phone calls, but it’s important to get the tone of your communication right, which in France basically means as formal and polite as possible. “You need to understand from the start how the French work. Initial business contact is very formal. Using the appropriate language is important especially in emails, so steer away from any slang obviously.”

4. Network like crazy

The hardest thing about being a freelancer is getting your name out to potential clients. Sending CVs and making phone calls is one thing but it’s also important to network and not just in professional circles. “I joined a group for Anglo mothers in Lyon and these types of groups are full of people who can bring you work in,” Céline Foggie says. “Friends will often think about you when they about someone looking for a translator.”

5. Social network like crazy

If you are stuck in a remote part of rural France, physical networking may be difficult so make sure you get on social media and start meeting people. Apart from the obvious Facebook and LinkedIn, Paris-based freelancer Barbara Diggs recommends Google+ and Skype for keeping in contact with clients abroad.

“Skype is everything. It's how I connected to work with people around the world on different projects, while working remotely from Paris.” If you can then she also recommends attending a “Tweet up” which is when a group of social networkers arrange to meet up. “The first press release I ever wrote was for someone starting a business making handbags, whom I met at a 'Tweet up'. After the event at the bar I made friends with a lot of the people there, and word spread.”

SEE ALSO: Ten tips for finding work in France

6. Gamble on which jobs to take

When you are offered a gig as a freelancer, it may sometimes seem like it’s not worth the hassle. But it’s important to remember that one job tends to lead to others, as long as you don’t make a mess of it, Harrington says. “If you are loyal to your clients they will be loyal back to you,” he adds.

You should also be prepared to exchange favours with other freelancers. “I helped a freelance photographer translate his website and in return he took professional photos of me for my website,” says Foggie.

7. Stretch out your talents

Remember your English language ability can count for a lot more than you think. If you are a translator, it’s worth promoting yourself as a writer and an interpreter, a web editor, or re-writer and journalist or even an English teacher. If you are flexible you can end up doing a lot more in France than you first thought.

8. Get a website

If you can be Googled then your chances of picking up work will be much higher. So freelancers are advised to build a website and even better if they can create a French version of it, because most of your potential employers will want to read about you in their own language. “WordPress is the way to go. I will soon be switching mine over to one because it's great for rankings on Google no matter what you are trying to sell,” freelance writer Barbara Diggs tells The Local. 

9. Treat it like a business

Although you won’t have a boss and there will be no meetings to sit through or arguments with colleagues you still need to act like you have an ordinary job in France. That's why it might be worth renting a space in an open office, alongside other freelancers. Although you might not have the nine-to-five hours, you will have to be disciplined to work morning, night and even weekends.

“The first thing is to research, read books and understand that it's a business,” says Diggs. “Don't waste time, get writing samples, write a blog, or volunteer your time to someone. You have to work past the fear because rejection happens all the time. If this is something you really want, power through.”

10. Be prepared for lean times

They will come says Harrington, so “make sure you put away some money to keep you tied over.” Remember if you are an auto-entrepreneur you will need to set aside money to pay your taxes and your social charges, which is normally done every three months.

When lean times do come around you need to be patient but it’s also time to start picking up the phone. “Call every contact you have ever made – even people you haven’t spoken to for a long time,” he says.

James Harrington is a freelance writer and journalist, based in South West France. Céline Foggie is a freelance writer, translator and interpreter, based near Lyon and Barbara Diggs is a Paris based freelance writer.

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WORKING IN FRANCE

How to get a summer job in France

As the summer holidays approach in France, many employers are looking for seasonal workers - so if you're looking for a summer job, here's how to go about it.

How to get a summer job in France

There are thousands of employment offers in France – a simple internet search for jobs d’été came up with numerous jobs boards offering work in France, while the government-backed Centre d’Information et de Documentation pour la Jeunesse (CIDJ) offers advice and information on all aspects of life for young people in France, including finding seasonal work and summer placements.

Sectors including agriculture, hospitality and tourism are always recruiting in the summer, seeking fruit-pickers, holiday camp workers and serving/hotel staff.

But what are the rules for people seeking summer jobs?

READ ALSO Vendange: What you really sign up for when you agree to help with the French wine harvest

Age

Children from the age of 16 (under certain circumstances, the age limit drops to 14) who are legally resident in France can work as long as they have written authorisation from their parents or legal guardians. A model authorisation letter is available here

Those under the age of 18 cannot undertake certain jobs for health and safety reasons.

In the following circumstances, children as young as 14 or 15 can work during school holidays.

  • The holidays must last at least 14 days;
  • The child must work no more than half the days of the holiday – so, if a vacation period is two weeks, they can work for no more than one of those weeks;
  • The child is given ‘light duties’ that offer no risk to their safety, health, or development;
  • From the age of 15 and if the child has completed their troisieme education, a minor can register for an apprenticeship. 

Salary

Salary is usually paid monthly and will have a payslip. For those aged 18 and over, pay will be at least equal to the minimum wage.

 For those aged 14 to 17, who have less than six months’ professional experience, the minimum allowed rate is 80 percent of the minimum wage. For those aged 17 to 18, the rate rises to a minimum of 90 percent of France’s minimum wage.

  • The minimum wage in France is currently €10.85 gross per hour (€1,645.58 gross per month based on a 35-hour week);
  • the employment contract is fixed-term and can take different forms (fixed-term contract, seasonal employment contract, temporary employment contract, etc);
  • Seasonal employees are subject to the same obligations as the other employees of the company and have access to the same benefits (canteens, breaks, etc.).

Under 18s have certain additional protections:

  • between the ages of 14 and 16, during school holidays, employees on any contract cannot work more than 35 hours per week nor more than 7 hours per day;
  • They cannot work at night;
  • Those aged 14 to under 16 working during their school holidays can only be assigned to work which is not likely to harm their safety, their health or development.

Right to work in France

If you’re a French citizen or hold permanent residency in France then you have the right to work, but for foreigners there are extra restrictions.

Anyone who holds the passport of a EU/EEA country or Switzerland, is free to work in France or to travel to France seeking work without needing a visa or work permit.

Most other people will need permission to work in France – even if it’s only for a short period or for casual work such as grape-picking. Depending on your country of origin you may need a visa – everything you need to know about that is here.

In addition to the visa, you may also need a work permit, which is the responsibility of the employer.  To employ anyone in France for less than 90 days, an employer must get a temporary work permit – before the prospective employee applies for a short stay visa. This permit is then sent to the embassy at which the employee is applying for a visa.

If you come from countries including the UK, USA and Canada you can spend up to 90 days in France without a visa – but you may still need a work (convention d’accueil) if you want to work while you are here.

READ ALSO Six official websites to know if you’re planning to work in France

Certain countries have specific ‘seasonal worker’ visas on offer, for certain sectors which allows – for example – Canadians to come to France and work the ski season. 

Cash-in-hand jobs

Certain sectors which have a lot of casual workers – for example seasonal fruit-picking – do have cash-in-hand jobs, known in France as marché noir (black market) or simply travail au black (working on the black, or working illegally). 

This is of course illegal and working this way carries risks – as well as the possibility of losing your job if labour inspectors turn up you are also in a vulnerable position. If your employer suddenly decides not to pay you, or make unexpected deductions from your wages, there is very little you can do about it since you won’t have any kind of work contract. 

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