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Firms urge Hollande to act on New Year pledge

Business leaders in France have called on French President François Hollande to act quickly on his New Year pledge to lower burdensome labour costs in return for firms stepping up their recruitment drive. "He must move quickly," says the head of the leading business union.

Firms urge Hollande to act on New Year pledge
Hollande wants businesses to recruit and in return he will ease the burden of labour costs. Photo: Pascal Guyot/APF

If 2013 was the year of the “great battle for jobs”, as Hollande dubbed it, then in 2014 the war looks set to continue.

In his New Year’s address this week French President François Hollande issued his usual battle cry to tackle unemployment.

After failing to reduce unemployment by the end of the year as he had famously promised, Hollande offered to make another pact, this time with businesses.

If firms boosted recruitment, the president would look at ways to reduce labour costs, which are notoriously high in France compared to the rest of Europe and which have long been a source of anger for business leaders.

“We need to mobilise everyone to win the battle [against unemployment]," Hollande said, in a now familiar rallying call. "That is why I am proposing a responsibility pact for corporations. It is founded on a simple principle: fewer labour taxes on business, fewer restrictions on corporate activities [in exchange for] more recruitment and greater dialogue with trade unions."

After unemployment fell slightly in October, figures for November showed it had risen by 0.5 percent, meaning the jobless rate remains around 10.5 percent in France.

As French daily Le Figaro points out, the proposal, has strong echoes of a similar plan put forward late last year by business union Medef, which aimed to create one million jobs in five years, on the provision that taxes and public spending were reduced.

However no new reforms are currently in the pipeline to reduce labour costs for businesses and in his New Year’s address he did not specify how he plans to reduce labour charges.

However in October the government did ask the High Council for the Financing of Social Security to look into ways to lower taxes on labour. Their report is not due until May.

Medef, which represents businesses in France remains cautious of Hollande’s promise.

In a statement released after Hollande’s speech Medef said it was “ready to engage with the president of the Republic" but urged him to act quickly.

President of Medef Pierre Gattaz said: “The French economy can recover and job creation in our country can start. However we must begin the necessary reforms without delay. Medef is willing to participate and be actively involved in building a concrete pact announced by the president. But he must move quickly because we are in a crisis.”

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WORKING IN FRANCE

How to get a summer job in France

As the summer holidays approach in France, many employers are looking for seasonal workers - so if you're looking for a summer job, here's how to go about it.

How to get a summer job in France

There are thousands of employment offers in France – a simple internet search for jobs d’été came up with numerous jobs boards offering work in France, while the government-backed Centre d’Information et de Documentation pour la Jeunesse (CIDJ) offers advice and information on all aspects of life for young people in France, including finding seasonal work and summer placements.

Sectors including agriculture, hospitality and tourism are always recruiting in the summer, seeking fruit-pickers, holiday camp workers and serving/hotel staff.

But what are the rules for people seeking summer jobs?

READ ALSO Vendange: What you really sign up for when you agree to help with the French wine harvest

Age

Children from the age of 16 (under certain circumstances, the age limit drops to 14) who are legally resident in France can work as long as they have written authorisation from their parents or legal guardians. A model authorisation letter is available here

Those under the age of 18 cannot undertake certain jobs for health and safety reasons.

In the following circumstances, children as young as 14 or 15 can work during school holidays.

  • The holidays must last at least 14 days;
  • The child must work no more than half the days of the holiday – so, if a vacation period is two weeks, they can work for no more than one of those weeks;
  • The child is given ‘light duties’ that offer no risk to their safety, health, or development;
  • From the age of 15 and if the child has completed their troisieme education, a minor can register for an apprenticeship. 

Salary

Salary is usually paid monthly and will have a payslip. For those aged 18 and over, pay will be at least equal to the minimum wage.

 For those aged 14 to 17, who have less than six months’ professional experience, the minimum allowed rate is 80 percent of the minimum wage. For those aged 17 to 18, the rate rises to a minimum of 90 percent of France’s minimum wage.

  • The minimum wage in France is currently €10.85 gross per hour (€1,645.58 gross per month based on a 35-hour week);
  • the employment contract is fixed-term and can take different forms (fixed-term contract, seasonal employment contract, temporary employment contract, etc);
  • Seasonal employees are subject to the same obligations as the other employees of the company and have access to the same benefits (canteens, breaks, etc.).

Under 18s have certain additional protections:

  • between the ages of 14 and 16, during school holidays, employees on any contract cannot work more than 35 hours per week nor more than 7 hours per day;
  • They cannot work at night;
  • Those aged 14 to under 16 working during their school holidays can only be assigned to work which is not likely to harm their safety, their health or development.

Right to work in France

If you’re a French citizen or hold permanent residency in France then you have the right to work, but for foreigners there are extra restrictions.

Anyone who holds the passport of a EU/EEA country or Switzerland, is free to work in France or to travel to France seeking work without needing a visa or work permit.

Most other people will need permission to work in France – even if it’s only for a short period or for casual work such as grape-picking. Depending on your country of origin you may need a visa – everything you need to know about that is here.

In addition to the visa, you may also need a work permit, which is the responsibility of the employer.  To employ anyone in France for less than 90 days, an employer must get a temporary work permit – before the prospective employee applies for a short stay visa. This permit is then sent to the embassy at which the employee is applying for a visa.

If you come from countries including the UK, USA and Canada you can spend up to 90 days in France without a visa – but you may still need a work (convention d’accueil) if you want to work while you are here.

READ ALSO Six official websites to know if you’re planning to work in France

Certain countries have specific ‘seasonal worker’ visas on offer, for certain sectors which allows – for example – Canadians to come to France and work the ski season. 

Cash-in-hand jobs

Certain sectors which have a lot of casual workers – for example seasonal fruit-picking – do have cash-in-hand jobs, known in France as marché noir (black market) or simply travail au black (working on the black, or working illegally). 

This is of course illegal and working this way carries risks – as well as the possibility of losing your job if labour inspectors turn up you are also in a vulnerable position. If your employer suddenly decides not to pay you, or make unexpected deductions from your wages, there is very little you can do about it since you won’t have any kind of work contract. 

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