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French feminists get jail term for topless demo

Two French members of radical feminist group Femen, along with one German, have been given four-month prison sentences in Tunisia for "an attack on public morals" and "indecency", after bearing their breasts in a protest last month.

French feminists get jail term for topless demo
One of three European members of Femen given a four-month jail term in Tunis, Tunisia on June 12th for this protest on May 29th. Photo: Fethi Belaid/AFP

"The judge condemned the three Femen activists to four months and one day in prison for an attack on public morals and indecency," Souheib Bahri told AFP.

Margaret Stern and Pauline Hillier from France and Josephine Markmann from Germany had defended themselves in court when asked by the judge about the reasons for their bare-breasted protest on May 29th, a first in the Arab world by Femen activists.

"Baring our breasts is not intended to cause sexual excitement but is a form of activism," said Stern.

For her part, Markmann told the court: "I came on May 28th to stage a political demonstration and support Amina" [Sboui], a detained Tunisian activist.

"I relish every opportunity to express my political views," she added.

France expressed regret at the court's decision.

"While we hoped for a measure of clemency, we cannot help but regret the severity of this sentence," the foreign ministry said in a statement.

 After the verdict was made public, Femen's leader in Paris, Inna Shevchenko, vowed that her group would carry out further actions in Tunisia.

"It is a political decision that confirms the dictatorial character of Tunisia," she told AFP by telephone.

"We are really angry after this very severe verdict and we will pursue our actions in Tunisia," Shevchenko added.

Lawyers representing a number of Islamist associations demanding to take part in the trial as a civil party condemned the Femen protest in socially conservative Tunisia, whose coalition government is headed by an Islamist party.

"It is Islam that honours women and offers them freedom, not the act of undressing," said Slah Khlifi, one of the Islamist groups' lawyers.

Another, Monaam Turki, said the controversial act could be considered an attack on state security "under article 71 of the penal code, which carries a one-year prison sentence".

The women's French lawyer Patrick Klugman, who had said he was ready to travel "immediately" to Tunis if they were not freed, expressed dismay and called the ruling an attack on freedom of expression.

"It's an extremely heavy sentence. It is a grave attack on freedom of expression, not just for these girls but for freedom of expression in general," he said.

The case was closely followed by activists and politicians in Europe, where it was seen by some as a test of democratic freedoms under the the Islamist-led government, which came to power after Tunisia's January 2011 revolution.   

The women were arrested on May 29th after staging a topless demonstration outside the main courthouse in Tunis in support of Amina Sboui, a Tunisian activist with the same "sextremist" group who had been arrested 10 days earlier.

Sboui had been arrested for painting the word "Femen" on a wall near a cemetery in Kairouan last month, in protest against a planned gathering of radical Salafists in the historic Muslim city south of Tunis.

The Tunisian activist, who sparked a scandal in March by defying Arab-Muslim convention and posting topless pictures of herself on Facebook, faces possible charges of indecency and desecrating a cemetery.

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PROTEST

French Interior Minister asks police to ban pro-Palestinian Paris protest

France's interior minister on Thursday asked police to ban a pro-Palestinian protest in Paris this weekend over the conflict with Israel fearing a repeat of clashes during a similar situation in 2014.

French Interior Minister asks police to ban pro-Palestinian Paris protest
Interior Minister Gerald Darmanin asked the Paris police chief to ban the protests on Saturday linked to the recent tensions in the Middle East. Photo: Guillaume HORCAJUELO POOL / AFP

Activists had called the protest in the Barbès district of northern Paris to demonstrate against Israel’s use of force in the Gaza Strip in response to the rocket fire by militant group Hamas at the Jewish state.

“I have asked the Paris police chief to ban the protests on Saturday linked to the recent tensions in the Middle East,” Interior Minister Gérald Darmanin wrote on Twitter.

“Serious disturbances to public order were seen in 2014,” he added, urging police chiefs elsewhere in France to also remain vigilant over demonstrations.

In a circular seen by AFP, he also urged local police chiefs to assure the “protection of places of worship, schools, cultural centres and businesses of the Jewish community.”

Several demonstrations took place in France during July 2014 to denounce an Israeli offensive on the Gaza Strip.

On July 19, 2014, several thousand protesters defied a ban on a demonstration at Barbes and the rally rapidly degenerated into violent clashes that lasted for hours.

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