The results are in. Parents, students and teachers curious about how their school is performing can consult the Department of Education’s annual secondary school performance reports on Wednesday. The scores are based on each schools 2012 baccalaureate results.
Although the Ministry of Education does not produce any official league table of lycées, several French media sites, such as Le Parisien, have worked out the rankings by analysing the results.
In the table, the secondary schools are divided into two categories – lycées specializing in general education and technology, and lycées for vocational training.
Although France prides itself on its state education, this year's best-performing secondary school in the general education category according to Le Parisien's table was in fact the ‘Lycée Averroès’, a private Muslim school in the northern city of Lille.
The school was founded by the local Muslim community in 2003, almost ten years after the exclusion of 19 girls from a nearby lycée for wearing the Islamic veil. It now has around 150 registered pupils.
The lycée is also due to expand after recently taking steps to purchase a new 5000 square metre premises. It will soon be able to cater for 500 students.
Eric Dufour, a French literature teacher at the Lycée Averroès told The Local on Wednesday that the ministry's ranking marked a "wonderful success that the school and all the staff are proud of."
"There are some truly great schools in France, and for us to be placed ahead of institutions like the Lycée Henri-IV [in Paris], is a really lovely surprise," he added, ascribing the school's success to the support and help given to its students "beyond the school year, late into July, and during exam periods."
However l'Express, another media outlet ranked the Averroes school the country's fifth best lycée after using a different methodology in which it takes the demographics of the students into account to work out its own league table.
And for lycées specializing in vocational training, the highest performing schools were mostly private colleges, with Catholic institutions dominating the top rankings.
There was also good news for the French capital, whose secondary schools dominated the higher echelons of Le Parisien's rankings for 'general education and technology' lycées.
However Catherine Moisan from the Directorate of Evaluation, Forecasting and Performance (DEPP) warned against taking the scores at face value.
“We should not be satisfied just to look at the success of the baccalaureate to judge the effectiveness of a school,” she said. “We also need to look at how the school supports its students.
Maison also said it as important not to compare schools unfairly.
“If you have a high school in a disadvantaged suburb where students have diverse educational backgrounds, then just getting them to achieve above expected results shows the school is very effective,” she said.
Below are the top five secondary schools in France in the two main categories:
1. Lycée Averroès, Lille, Nord, Nord-Pas de Calais (private, Muslim)
2. Lycée supérieure of Art and Architecture, Ecole Boule, Paris 12th arrondissement (public)
3. Ecole active bilingue (French/English) Jeannine Manuel, Paris 15th arrondisement (private, secular)
4. Lycée Louis Le Grand, Paris 5th arrondissement (public)
5. Lycée Henri IV, Paris 5th arrondissement (public)
Vocational training category
1. Institution Jeanne d’Arc, Commercy, Meuse, Lorraine (private, Catholic)
2. Lycée professionnel saint-François d’Assisse, Montigny-le-Bretonneux, Yvelines, Ile-de-France (private, Catholic)
3. Lycée Montbareil, Côtes-d’Armor, Brittany (private, secular)
4. Lycée professionnel Joseph Roussel, Sarthe, Pays de la Loire (private, Catholic)
5. Institution de la Salle, Metz, Moselle, Lorraine (private, Catholic)
Each school's score is calculated according to three main measurements.
First, the rate of students passing their baccalaureat (final year) exams; second, the rate of students graduating from their second-last year to sit the baccalaureat exams (at the same school) and finally, the percentage of graduates who go on to obtain a bachelor’s degree at a university.
Anyone wishing to browse the league tables for France, or region-by-region, should consult the following charts from French daily Le Parisien. For the general category, click here. For the vocational training category, click here.
Readers can also check the performance of a specific school, by following this link to France’s education ministry.