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EDUCATION

French universities lag behind ‘world’s best’

A league table of the world’s best reputed universities published on Monday will provoke concern in France with none of the country's higher education institutions ranked inside the top 50.

French universities lag behind 'world's best'
France's top ranked university the Sorbonne. Photo: Simone Ramella

France may be one of the most popular countries for foreigners to study in but it appears its universities have not forged a strong reputation around the globe.

The publication of the Times Higher Education 2013 World Reputation Rankings for universities revealed France had four in the top 100 but worryingly none in the top 50.

In contrast, Britain had seven universities ranked in the top 50 out of a total of nine and US institutions continue to dominate with 43 ranked in the top 100. The rankings were topped by Harvard University.

“What’s notable about France is that they don’t have a university high in the rankings. There is no flagship institution up there among the world’s very best,” Phil Baty editor of the Times Higher Education Rankings, told The Local. 

“It’s a bit of a blow to national pride," he added.

The highest placed French university was the famous Paris Sorbonne, which was ranked in the 71 to 80 band.

Two other French institutions – the Pierre and Marie Curie University and Ecole Polytechnique were ranked in the 81 to 90 band and University Paris Sud was placed in the 91 to 100 band.

"It must be cause for significant concern that France, which has such a fine tradition of scholarship, personified by famous names such as the Sorbonne, has no institution ranked higher than the 71-80 band," Baty said.

“So there is work to be done: having high-profile, well-regarded institutions recognized by scholars as being among the world’s best is vital for the future success of France’s higher education system and knowledge economy.”

The reputation rankings are based on a global invitation-only opinion poll carried out by Ipsos MediaCT for Times Higher Education’s rankings data supplier, Thomson Reuters.

The 2013 results are based on 16,639 responses from senior published academics.

Baty says the simplicity of the way the survey is done means the results cannot be dismissed.

“We got results from over 16,500 academics all over the world. We simply asked them what the best university was in their field and collated the results and French institutions are simply not being mentioned anywhere near as much as those in the US, UK or Asia,” Baty said.

Baty believes the blame for the underwhelming reputation of French universities may lie at their own door.

“I think there has been a certain amount of confusion about the French system. There’s lots of complicated names and the structure is not particularly clear. There are also some language issues. French academics are not publishing work in English the way universities in say Germany or Asia do," Baty said.

“There’s also the fact that a lot of Western Europe is saddled with austerity and universities are not getting enough funding."

But Baty stressed that it was not all bad news for France.

“You we need to remember those listed are the world’s most reputed universities, which represents only about 0.5 percent of the worlds higher education institutions and France has four among them.

“France has started to concentrate on its top institutions and there are some encouraging signs.

“The results might be disappointing but they are not cause for alarm.”

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EDUCATION

Schools to close as French teachers strike over Covid rules

Around three-quarters of French teachers plan to go on strike onThursday to protest the government's shifting rules on Covid testing for students, forcing the closure of half the country's primary schools, a union said Tuesday.

Schools to close as French teachers strike over Covid rules
Photo: Fred Tanneau/AFP

The strike led by the Snuipp-FSU union, the largest among primary school teachers, comes after the latest of several changes on testing and isolation requirements for potential Covid cases announced by Prime Minister Jean Castex late Monday.

After seeing long lines of parents outside pharmacies and labs in recent days to test children in classes where a case was detected, Castex said home tests could now be used to determine if a student could return to school.

But teachers say class disruptions have become unmanageable with the spread of the highly contagious Omicron coronavirus variant.

“Students cannot learn properly because attendance varies wildly, and a hybrid of in-house and distance learning is impossible to put in place,” the Snuipp-FSU said, adding that absent teachers are not being replaced.

It is also demanding the government provide facemasks for staff, including the more protective FFP2 masks, and CO2 monitors to check if classrooms are sufficiently ventilated.

“Not only does the current protocol not protect students, staff or their families, it has completely disorganised schools,” the union said, claiming that classes have effectively been turned into “daycare centres.”

Education Minister Jean-Michel Blanquer has said the government is doing everything possible to avoid outright school closures that could cause havoc for parents and jeopardise learning for thousands, especially those in low-income families.

“I know there is a lot of fatigue, of anxiety… but you don’t go on strike against a virus,” Blanquer told BFM television on Tuesday.

As of Monday some 10,000 classes had been shut nationwide because of Covid cases, representing around two percent of all primary school classes, Blanquer said.

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