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POLITICS

Hollande ‘most unpopular president in 30 years’

French president François Hollande was under the cosh on Friday as a new poll revealed he is the most unpopular head of state in 30 years.

Hollande 'most unpopular president in 30 years'
François Hollande out and about. Photo:AFP

Hollande’s boost in opinion polls seen during the early days of France’s intervention in Mali appears to have well and truly gone flat.

A new poll by French polling agency TNS Sofres for the right leaning Le Figaro newspaper revealed the Socialist Party president only has the confidence of 30 percent of the population – a drop of five percent since January.

That represents the lowest percentage for a president in the tenth month of office since 1981 when fellow Socialist François Mitterrand was in power.

According to the survey the fall in popularity of Hollande is dramatic with 66 percent of the population now saying they have no confidence in their leader – an increase of five percent since last month.

According to the Emmanuel Riviere, department director of TNS Sofres, the slump can be put down to France’s ongoing economic woes.

After a lull during the Mali war “the current social and economic problems are back at the top of the news,” he said. Rising unemployment and on-going austerity were factors “feeding the dissatisfaction of voters,” Riviere added.

Other polls, however, do not suggest such a dramatic slump in the confidence French people have with Hollande although they reflect a similar trend.

According to sources quoted by Europe1 radio Hollande will try and get out and about more in a bid to stem his flagging popularity.

The sources claim he will change the style of his excursions across France so that he stays in a place over night and tries to meet more of the electorate.

“There will be no big speeches, no grand themes, just simple and frequent visits,” François Rebsamen, head of the Socialists in the Senate told Les Echos newspaper.

Around 1000 people from across the country took part in the TNS Sofres poll, which was carried out on February 24/25.

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POLITICS

Income tax, property grants and cigarettes: What’s in France’s 2023 budget?

France's finance minister has unveiled the government's financial plans for the next year, and says that his overall aim is to 'protect' households in France from inflation and rises in the cost of living - here's what he announced.

Income tax, property grants and cigarettes: What's in France's 2023 budget?

The 2023 Budget was formally presented to the Council of Ministers on Monday, before economy minister Bruno Le Maire announced the main details to the press. 

The budget must now be debated in parliament, and more details on certain packages will be revealed in the coming days, but here is the overview;

Inflation – two of the biggest measures to protect households from the rising cost of living had already been announced – gas and electricity prices will remain capped in 2023, albeit at the higher rate of 15 percent, while low-income households will get a €100-200 grant. The energy price cap is expected to cost the government €45 billion in 2023.

EXPLAINED: What your French energy bills will look like in 2023

Property renovations – the MaPrimeRenov scheme, which gives grants to householders for works that make their homes more energy-efficient, will be extended again into 2023, with a budget of €2.5 billion to distribute.

Income tax – the income tax scale will be indexed to inflation in 2023, so that workers who get a pay increase to cope with the rising cost of living don’t find themselves paying more income tax. “Disposable income after tax will remain the same for all households even if their salary increases,” reads the 2023 Budget.

Pay rises –  pay will increase for teachers, judges and other civil servants as inflation is forecast to reach 4.3 percent next year after 5.4 percent in 2022. Around €140 million is assigned to increase the salaries of non-teaching staff in schools. 

New jobs – nearly 11,000 more public employees will be hired, in a stark reversal of President Emmanuel Macron’s 2017 campaign promise to slash 120,000 public-sector jobs – 2,000 of these jobs will be in teaching. 

Small business help – firms with fewer than 10 employees and a turnover of less than €2 million will also benefit from the 15 percent price cap on energy bills in 2023. The finance ministry will put in place a simplified process for small businesses to claim this aid. In total €3 billion is available to help small businesses that are suffering because of rising costs. 

Refugees – In the context of the war in Ukraine, the government plans to finance 5,900 accommodation places for refugees and asylum seekers in various reception and emergency accommodation centres. The budget provides for a 6 percent increase in the “immigration, asylum and integration” budget.

Cigarettes – prime minister Elisabeth Borne had already announced that the price of cigarettes will rise “in line with inflation”.

Ministries – Le Maire also announced the budget allocation for the various ministries. The Labour ministry is the big winner with an increase of 42.8 percent compared to last year, coupled with the goal to reach full employment by 2027. Education gets an increase of €60.2 billion (or 6.5 percent more than in 2022), much of which will go on increasing teachers’ salaries, while the justice and environment ministries will also see increased budgets.

Conversely, there was a fall in spending for the finance ministry itself.

Borrowing –  the government will borrow a record €270 billion next year in order to finance the budget. “This is not a restrictive budget, nor an easy one – it’s a responsible and protective budget at a time of great uncertainties,” said Le Maire. 

The government is tabling on growth of one percent, a forecast Le Maire defended as “credible and pro-active” despite an estimate of just 0.5 percent GDP growth by the Bank of France, and 0.6 percent from economists at the OECD.

The public deficit is expected to reach five percent of GDP, as the EU has suspended the rules limiting deficit spending to three percent of GDP because of Russia’s war against Ukraine.

Parliament

The budget plans now need to be debated in parliament where they are likely to face fierce opposition. Emmanuel Macron’s centrist LREM party and its allies lost their majority in elections earlier this year.

Macron also plans to push ahead with a pension reform that would gradually start pushing up the official retirement age from 62 currently, setting up a standoff with unions and left-wing opposition parties.

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