An injunction granted by the court also ordered the magazine to hand over all files of the pictures in its possession to representatives of the royal couple within 24 hours and said it would be fined €10,000 ($13,000) for every day's delay.
The ruling prevents Closer, which published the pictures on Friday, from reusing them in print or on its website, as well as from selling them to markets where they have not been published.
The pictures are already widely available on the Internet and have been printed in Ireland's Daily Star newspaper and Italy's Chi magazine.
The royal couple have initiated criminal proceedings over the topless pictures with the aim of securing the prosecution of Closer's editor and the photographer or photographers who took the pictures.
A French prosecutor on Tuesday began a preliminary investigation into the criminal complaint.