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French economy set to shrink: bank

France's economy is set to contract by 0.1 percent in the third quarter, the central bank confirmed Monday, in a forecast of further trouble for the eurozone's second-biggest economy.

If confirmed, it would be France's first contraction since it came out of recession in 2009 and follows zero growth for the past three quarters.

If followed by another negative quarter it would signal the French economy has entered a recession, which is commonly defined by economists as two consecutive quarters of contracting activity.

A forward-looking survey of business activity, the Purchasing Managers' Index compiled by survey firm Markit, has been running for months below 50 points, which indicates a likely contraction.

Markit said last month that French "PMI data currently suggest contraction is on the cards for" the period from July to September.

French President François Hollande said Sunday he expected economic growth to be "barely above zero" for 2012.

The government has forecast 0.3 percent growth for the year, while the OECD last week revised down its forecast for French 2012 growth to 0.1 percent.

Slower growth or a drop in revenues would make it more difficult for France to meet its EU obligations to cut its public deficit to 4.5 percent of gross domestic product this year.

The government has so far kept its 2013 forecast at 1.2 percent, which most economists now consider unreasonable.

Hollande said Sunday that the 2013 draft budget to be presented at the end of the month would be based on a realistic forecast, most likely 0.8 percent.

"I hope that we will do better than 0.8 percent, but hypothetically, we will work with that forecast," the president said in a nationally televised speech.

France has promised to squeeze its public deficit back to the EU limit of 3.0 percent of GDP next year, and Hollande has said this pledge must be honoured if the country wants to maintain its credibility on the markets.

To meet that obligation France will need to raise an extra €20 billion next year – half from businesses and half from households – in the biggest tax hike for at least the past three decades.

Another €10 billion in spending cuts will be made.

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ECONOMY

France to dodge recession but outlook looks less rosy

France will just about avoid a recession but the economic outlook is not as positive as was first forecast.

France to dodge recession but outlook looks less rosy
Photo: AFP

France is set to dodge a technical recession, according to the latest forecasts by the national statistics agency Insee released on Thursday, although it cut its outlook for annual growth to 1.3 percent.

Insee expects the French economy to have expanded by 0.2 percent in the third quarter, after having contracted by 0.1 percent in April through June.

A recession is typically defined as two consecutive quarters of contraction.

While growth will likely pick up further in the final three months of the year, Insee cut its forecast for the year from 1.6 percent to 1.3 percent.

This is below the government's forecast of 1.5 percent growth, but Finance Minister Michel Sapin said French growth remained “solid”.

France's economy grew by 1.2 percent last year.

“Insee's forecasts don't call into question our public deficit target for 2016 nor our growth forecast for 2017,” Sapin said in a statement.

Insee also forecast a 0.1 percent drop in the unemployment rate to 9.5 percent at the end of the year.

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