The shuttered French 'ghost factory' where staff still turn up for work
AFP · 16 Apr 2012, 15:30
Published: 16 Apr 2012 15:30 GMT+02:00
They haven't been paid in six months, since Sodimedical's German parent company Lohmann & Rauscher moved their jobs to cheaper factories abroad.
Yet still they go to work every day, a symbol of the brutal de-industrialisation that hit France in the last 30 years and has become a key issue ahead of the first round of the country's presidential vote on Sunday.
All the candidates have vowed to return French industry to its former glory, with right-wing President Nicolas Sarkozy promising tax cuts to help factories survive and Socialist Francois Hollande offering state investment.
In the meantime the workers at Sodimedical, abandoned and increasingly in despair, struggle to pay their bills with no solution in sight.
"It's outrageous," said their spokeswoman, 33-year-old Angelique Debruyne. "There is no consistency between what is being said in the campaign speeches – that we must produce in France – and the reality on the ground."
That reality hit home for the 47 women and five men who worked at Sodimedical in April 2010, when Lohmann & Rauscher announced it was closing the factory's doors to relocate operations to China and the Czech Republic.
"That night when I went home and told the children, I was lost," said one of the employees, 42-year-old Nadine Kapusta.
"I have no degree, no other training, there is nowhere else to go and I have bills to pay," she said.
For 15 years and more, employees followed the same routine – cutting, folding and assembling textiles for hospitals, at the plant in Plancy-L'Abbaye, a town of 1,000 in the Aube region 160 kilometres (100 miles) east of Paris.
Charts still hanging on the wall in the factory show productivity was rising and the workers were confident, buying bungalows on credit.
But a few years ago things started to change. A group of Chinese businessmen visited the factory and took pictures. Managers noted that a factory had been set up in China to make the same products.
Finally, in April 2010, the axe fell.
Employees were told the factory was moving and they could keep their jobs only by relocating to China on a salary of 120 euros ($156) a month or to the Czech Republic for 400 euros per month.
"It was a shock. We could understand if a factory closes because it is in difficulty – but not if it's to boost profits on the backs of employees," said Veronique Aubert, 38.
The employees had little hope of finding other work. They were on average 45 years old, with no degrees and highly specialised skills of little use elsewhere.
Once a powerhouse of the French textile industry, the Aube region has seen the number of employees in the sector fall from 24,000 in the 1980s to only 4,000 today.
The employees launched a campaign to save their jobs, hiring a lawyer and filing more than 30 legal cases against Lohmann & Rauscher, which declared Sodimedical bankrupt.
Each time the courts has ruled in their favour, but nothing could be done. Production ceased and the employees sit in the ghost factory every day, knitting, talking and growing increasingly worried.
Help has poured in from the community, with private donations made to help support the workers and the local priest fundraising. But the employees say their bills are piling up and there seems no hope of a turnaround.
Local mayor James Lionnet worries that his once-prosperous town is slowly dying with each factory that closes.
"This means less investment in the area, less work for bricklayers or floor tilers, losses for businesses," he said. "And if people have no jobs, they will leave."