There is growing momentum for a cross-Channel "metro" link from the French port of Calais to the English county of Kent, after a meeting on Thursday between business leaders and politicians.

"/> There is growing momentum for a cross-Channel "metro" link from the French port of Calais to the English county of Kent, after a meeting on Thursday between business leaders and politicians.

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EUROSTAR

Hopes rise for Calais-Kent commuter link

There is growing momentum for a cross-Channel "metro" link from the French port of Calais to the English county of Kent, after a meeting on Thursday between business leaders and politicians.

The meeting, held in the Kent town of Ashford, discussed the possibility of a 25-minute train service Ashford and the French port of Calais. 

Newspaper Le Figaro quoted French company boss, Olivier Cadic, who based his business in Ashford and supports a cross-Channel link. 

“We have a hard time recruiting because the high costs of accommodation in Kent mean people on modest salaries find it hard to live here,” he said. “Yet, just on  the other side of the Channel, in Calais, there’s 25 percent unemployment.”

The French train operator, SNCF, already has a number of its regional TER trains that are equipped to run through the tunnel. They were bought with an earlier Lille-Manchester project in mind. 

Existing high-speed Javelin trains which run in the south-east of England could also be used to run through the tunnel without any technical modification. 

The prospect of the link was given a further boost earlier in October when Eurotunnel, which owns and operates the tunnel, said it would offer cash incentives to launch the service.

Jacques Gounon, the Eurotunnel chief executive, said he thought a regular service between Kent and the Nord-Pas de Calais region would help boost the economy by letting people commute to work on either side of the Channel.

“We cannot understand why such a connection doesn’t already exist,” he told a jobs fair in Calais, reported the Kent Online website. “I’m willing to make some discounts if tolls are an issue because I believe we must take the lead.”

The tunnel is currently used for Eurostar high-speed train services between London, Paris and Brussels as well as for Eurotunnel trains that carry cars and trucks. Just 55 percent of the tunnel’s capacity is currently used.

Some of the Eurostar trains link Ashford and Calais but services are too infrequent and prices too high for a regular commute.

The French Consul General in London is optimistic. “It’s certain that this will happen,” he said. “You just have to look at a map to see how the two regions complement each other.”

Le Figaro reported that the ball is now in the court of the Nord-Pas de Calais region who need to decide whether there is sufficient demand to support the link. 

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POLICE

French police cause misery for migrants in Calais

French police are inflicting misery on migrants in the northern port of Calais, routinely tearing down their tents and forcing them to wander the streets as part of a deterrence policy, Human Rights Watch (HRW) said in a report published on Thursday.

French police cause misery for migrants in Calais
A migrant camp is evacuated by police forces in Calais in February 2019. Photo: Philippe HUGUEN / AFP.

The 75-page report documents methods used by authorities to prevent the emergence of another major migrant settlement in Calais, five years after the demolition of the sprawling “Jungle” camp which housed up to 10,000 people at its peak.

Calais has for years been a rallying point for migrants from the Middle East, Asia and Africa trying to sneak across the English Channel to Britain.

Faced with growing public anti-migrant sentiment, President Emmanuel Macron’s government has waged a campaign to prevent new camps emerging.

Police tactics include systematically tearing down migrants’ tents in the woods, on wasteland or under bridges, regularly confiscating their belongings and harassing NGOs trying to provide them with aid, according to New York-based HRW.

“The authorities carry out these abusive practices with the primary purposes of forcing people to move elsewhere, without resolving their
migration status or lack of housing, or of deterring new arrivals,” it said in the report entitled “Enforced Misery: The Degrading Treatment of Migrant Children and Adults in Northern France”.

‘Harass and abuse’

NGOs estimate the number of migrants currently living around Calais at between 1,500 and 2,000, including numerous families. Local authorities estimate that only 500 remain in the area.

Last week, Interior Minister Gerald Darmanin ordered the eviction of a camp housing 400 migrants near a hospital in Calais, which was presented as a danger to the hospital’s patients and staff.

On that occasion the migrants were taken to temporary shelters but often they are left to wander the streets.

“When the police arrive, we have five minutes to get out of the tent before they destroy everything,” a Kurdish woman from Iraq told HRW.

The interior ministry did not respond to AFP’s request for comment on the report.

The government argues that the camps are havens for people smugglers, who command extortionate fees to help migrants cross to Britain, either in a small boat crossing the Channel in the dead of night or stowed away on a truck crossing by ferry or through the Channel Tunnel.

NGOs argue that the tactics do nothing more than make migrants already difficult lives even more miserable.

The report quoted the Calais-based Human Rights Observers group as saying that in some cases cleaning crews cut migrants’ tents while people are still inside, in order to force them out.

“If the aim is to discourage migrants from gathering in northern France, these policies are a manifest failure and result in serious harm,” Benedicte Jeannerod, France director at Human Rights Watch, said.

French authorities “need a new approach to help people, not repeatedly harass and abuse them,” she added.

A total of 15,400 people attempted to cross the Channel in the first eight months of this year, a increase of 50 percent over the figure for the whole of 2020, according to French coast guard statistics.

“Exiles aren’t travelling to northern France because they’ve heard they can camp in the woods or stay under a bridge…They come because that’s where the border is,” Charlotte Kwantes, national coordinator of the Utopia 56 charity was quoted in the report as saying.

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