A protest about air fares on the beautiful French south Pacific island of Maré turned violent at the weekend when four people were killed in clashes.

"/> A protest about air fares on the beautiful French south Pacific island of Maré turned violent at the weekend when four people were killed in clashes.

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NICOLAS SARKOZY

Four killed in air travel protests

A protest about air fares on the beautiful French south Pacific island of Maré turned violent at the weekend when four people were killed in clashes.

Four killed in air travel protests

Maré, with a population of 6,000 people, sits in the New Caledonia archipelago, part of France’s overseas territories. The islands are a popular exotic holiday destination for many French people.

Islanders have been protesting for over 10 days about price rises at the local Air Calédonie airline. The protest is estimated to have caused losses of €1.2 million, taking the airline to the brink of bankruptcy.

Trouble was sparked on Saturday when a group arrived at the airport and tried to break up the original protest. The group of 300 people had come from the Guahma district where the airline’s president, Nidoish Naisseline, is the chief.

The two groups of about 300 each fought initially with stones. Later in the afternoon gunfire was reported and four men were killed. At least a further 23 were injured. 

“Maré has had a nightmare day,” said the island’s high commissioner, Albert Dupuy.

The French minister for overseas territories, Mari-Luce Penchard, hurried back to Paris to hold urgent talks. 

“It’s essential that a way is found to establish a dialogue so that we can return to a a situation of calm in Maré,” she told news channel i-télé.

The minister’s plans for dialogue include mediation by religious groups. She claimed in a press conference that the dispute goes much deeper than the issue of air fares and is also linked to land ownership issues.

She also said she has obtained agreement to remove the barricades around the airport so that police can ensure access from Monday.

Nicolas Sarkozy is expected to visit New Caledonia at the end of August. There are plans for a referendum in the area, which is officially known as a “special collectivity”, some time between 2014 and 2019.

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NICOLAS SARKOZY

Leaders Sarkozy and Juppé stumble in race for Elysée

Right-wing candidates for the French presidential election face off in the first round of a US-style primary on Sunday with former president Nicolas Sarkozy and ex-prime minister Alain Juppe fighting to avoid being knocked out by an outsider.

Leaders Sarkozy and Juppé stumble in race for Elysée
Alain Juppé and Nicolas Sarkozy. Photo: AFP

In a contest overshadowed by the election of Donald Trump in the United States, support for the early favourite Juppe has slipped and Francois Fillon, who served as prime minister under Sarkozy, has risen fast.

The right-wing nominating contest is crucial because with the French left divided, the winner is expected to go on to take the presidency in May, beating far-right leader Marine Le Pen in the runoff.

Juppe, 71, entered the two-month-long contest with polls showing him to be France's most popular politician, but his approach of playing the moderate against the fiery Sarkozy and the conservative Fillon appears to be backfiring.

Most polls now show Juppe and Sarkozy are neck-and-neck at around 30 percent, with Fillon close behind after making striking progress in recent weeks.

The two winners on Sunday will go through to the second round run-off a week later.

Two becomes three

“We were expecting a duel but in the end a three-way contest has emerged,” political scientist Jerome Jaffre said in Le Figaro newspaper on Thursday.

Many have noted that 62-year-old Fillon's rise had coincided with the publication of his latest book entitled “Beating Islamic totalitarianism”.

An often confused final TV debate of the seven candidates on Thursday offered few clues about the possible outcome, although viewers polled afterwards said Fillon had performed the strongest.

Sparks flew when Sarkozy was asked about fresh claims that he received millions in funding from the late Libyan leader Moamer Kadhafi towards his 2007 campaign.

Sarkozy called the question “disgraceful” and refused to answer.

Turning to the Trump effect, the former president said a more isolationist America created “a fantastic opportunity for France and Europe to re-establish a leadership role” on issues including border security and the reform of the UN Security Council.

“The next five years will mark the return of France and Europe to the international scene. America won't be there to put us in the shade,” he said.

Juppe meanwhile said the Trump-era heralded a triple “shock” — in the areas of trade, defence and the environment.

A return to protectionism would be “a tremendous regression”, Juppe said, while warning Europe against being “naive” in its dealings with the United States.

The three leading candidates have similar programmes, underpinned by pledges to reinforce domestic security in a country still under a state of emergency following a series of jihadist attacks.

They also share a desire to reinforce European borders and reduce immigration, while tax cuts also loom large.

The choice will come down to style.

Sarkozy has emphasised his tough-guy credentials, saying it makes him a better choice to handle Trump than the mild-mannered Juppe.

Fillon, who is popular in the business world, has promised “radical” economic measures but is the most conservative of the three on social issues.

Another unknown factor in Sunday's first round is the number of left-wing voters prepared to pay two euros and sign a declaration that they subscribe to “the values of the centre and the right” to vote in the right-wing primary.

Those who do are expected to vote against 61-year-old Sarkozy, who remains a highly divisive figure in France four years after he left office.

When the right-wing candidate is chosen on November 27, it is expected to trigger an announcement from deeply unpopular Socialist President Francois Hollande on whether he intends to bid for re-election.

On Wednesday, Hollande's former economy minister Emmanuel Macron announced he would stand as an independent.

by AFP's Guy Jackson

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