The Interior Minister, Claude Guéant, has been corrected on an assertion he made that 66 percent of the children of immigrant families leave school without qualifications.

"/> The Interior Minister, Claude Guéant, has been corrected on an assertion he made that 66 percent of the children of immigrant families leave school without qualifications.

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‘Bad maths’ behind French minister’s faulty immigrant claims

The Interior Minister, Claude Guéant, has been corrected on an assertion he made that 66 percent of the children of immigrant families leave school without qualifications.

The statement was made in an interview with Europe 1 in May, prompting strong criticism from teaching unions and other groups.

The minister repeated the claim in Parliament on 25th May, saying “two-thirds of the children from immigrant families leave school without a diploma.” He urged other MPs to look at the figures from Insee, the national statistics agency.

After pressure from its own unions, Insee yesterday published an analysis of the data. Jean-Paul Caille, a researcher with the organisation, said that 10.7 percent of the children of immigrant families leave school without qualifications.

The figure is 6.6 percent for children from mixed families and 6.1 percent from children from non-immigrant families. Far away from the 66 percent the minister claimed.

It would appear that Guéant’s original claim may have been based on bad mathematics. Adding up the proportions of those failing from immigrant and mixed families gives a total of 17.3 percent.

Taking just the 10.7 percent of children of immigrant families who fail would give a proportion of two-thirds, but this is a misreading of the numbers.

Commentators were quick to condemn the minister’s original assertion. Weekly magazine Le Nouvel Observateur pokes fun at the minister by wondering whether he would have passed his mathematics Baccalaureat, the exam 18-year olds take at the end of their secondary school education.

Others have been more critical. Serge July, founder of the newspaper Liberation, wrote on RTL.fr that Guéant stirs up issues around immigration because he is in the government to be “the minister in charge of the popular right-wing, to attract those voters who might be tempted by the far-right Front National.”

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POLITICS

How the EU aims to reform border-free Schengen area

European countries agreed on Thursday to push towards a long-stalled reform of the bloc's migration system, urging tighter control of external borders and better burden-sharing when it comes to asylum-seekers.

How the EU aims to reform border-free Schengen area
European interior ministers met in the northern French city of tourcoing, where president Emmanuel Macron gave a speech. Photo: Yoat Valat/AFP

The EU home affairs commissioner Ylva Johansson, speaking after a meeting of European interior ministers, said she welcomed what she saw as new momentum on the issue.

In a reflection of the deep-rooted divisions on the issue, France’s Interior Minister Gérald Darmanin – whose country holds the rotating EU presidency – said the process would be “gradual”, and welcomed what he said was unanimous backing.

EU countries backed a proposal from French President Emmanuel Macron to create a council guiding policy in the Schengen area, the passport-free zone used by most EU countries and some affiliated nations such as Switzerland and Norway.

Schengen council

Speaking before the meeting, Macron said the “Schengen Council” would evaluate how the area was working but would also take joint decisions and facilitate coordination in times of crisis.

“This council can become the face of a strong, protective Europe that is comfortable with controlling its borders and therefore its destiny,” he said.

The first meeting is scheduled to take place on March 3rd in Brussels.

A statement released after the meeting said: “On this occasion, they will establish a set of indicators allowing for real time evaluation of the situation at our borders, and, with an aim to be able to respond to any difficulty, will continue their discussions on implementing new tools for solidarity at the external borders.”

Step by step

The statement also confirmed EU countries agreed to take a step-by-step approach on plans for reforming the EU’s asylum rules.

“The ministers also discussed the issues of asylum and immigration,” it read.

“They expressed their support for the phased approach, step by step, put forward by the French Presidency to make headway on these complex negotiations.

“On this basis, the Council will work over the coming weeks to define a first step of the reform of the European immigration and asylum system, which will fully respect the balance between the requirements of responsibility and solidarity.”

A planned overhaul of EU migration policy has so far foundered on the refusal of countries such as the Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland and Slovakia to accept a sharing out of asylum-seekers across the bloc.

That forces countries on the EU’s outer southern rim – Italy, Greece, Malta and Spain – to take responsibility for handling irregular migrants, many of whom are intent on making their way to Europe’s wealthier northern nations.

France is pushing for member states to commit to reinforcing the EU’s external borders by recording the details of every foreign arrival and improving vetting procedures.

It also wants recalcitrant EU countries to financially help out the ones on the frontline of migration flows if they do not take in asylum-seekers themselves.

Johansson was critical of the fact that, last year, “45,000 irregular arrivals” were not entered into the common Eurodac database containing the fingerprints of migrants and asylum-seekers.

Earlier, German Interior Minister Nancy Faeser suggested her country, France and others could form a “coalition of the willing” to take in asylum-seekers even if no bloc-wide agreement was struck to share them across member states.

She noted that Macron spoke of a dozen countries in that grouping, but added that was probably “very optimistic”.

Luxembourg’s foreign minister, Jean Asselborn, hailed what he said was “a less negative atmosphere” in Thursday’s meeting compared to previous talks.

But he cautioned that “we cannot let a few countries do their EU duty… while others look away”.

France is now working on reconciling positions with the aim of presenting propositions at a March 3rd meeting on European affairs.

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