• France's news in English
 
app_header_v3
France's Muslim men suffer CV discrimination
Muslim men were much less likely to get called in compared to Catholic men. Photo: Nguyen Vu Hung/Flickr

France's Muslim men suffer CV discrimination

AFP · 9 Oct 2015, 11:53

Published: 09 Oct 2015 11:53 GMT+02:00
Updated: 09 Oct 2015 11:53 GMT+02:00

The research was carried out by the Montaigne Institute think tank which sent out thousands of responses to job adverts using fictional characters.
   
The study found that men who identified as practising Muslims had a 4.7 percent chance of being asked for a job interview, compared to 17.9 percent of practising Catholics.
   
The overall figure for men and women showed Catholics were twice as likely as Muslims to get a callback for a job interview.
   
The job application discrimination against Jews was apparent but not as pronounced, with a 15.8-percent chance of landing an interview.
   
The study was carried out by Marie-Anne Valfort, a senior lecturer at Sorbonne University in Paris, who sent 6,231 responses to job adverts between 2013 and 2014.
   
All of her "candidates" were Lebanese, born in Beirut in 1988 with the last name Haddad.
   
But they had different first names depending on the religion they represented: Dov and Esther for Jews, Michel and Nathalie for Catholics, and Mohammed and Samira for Muslims.
    
They were also listed as having attended faith schools and scout groups linked to their religion.
   
The results were overwhelming: "the results reveal a strong discrimination against Muslims and Jews in France", the study concluded.
   
In the case of Muslims, it is even worse than the discrimination faced by African-Americans compared with whites in the United States.    
 
Valfort said the study only caught a small portion of the discrimination faced by job applicants since it did not continue to the interview stage.
   
"It probably under-estimates the level of discrimination: all studies show that discrimination is present at each step of recruitment," she said.
 
'Risk of insubordination'
 
Islam's image has been badly damaged in France, Valfort told AFP.    
 
"Studies show that the French automatically associate Islam with religious extremism and oppression of women," she said.
   
"These two stereotypes feed a very strong discrimination, particularly regarding male Muslims. The recruiter perceives an increased risk of transgressive religious practice in the workplace and associates it with a risk of insubordination," she added.
   
Valfort also created a "non-religious" set of candidates to see how that affected the results.
   
When "Mohammed" said he belonged to a secular association, he almost doubled his chances of getting a job interview compared with the "Mohammed"
who identified as a practising Muslim.
   
In a twist, the Catholic candidates almost halved their chances if they identified as secular instead of religious.
   
Story continues below…
"It's likely that an attachment to Catholicism is seen by recruiters as a sign that a man is more disciplined," the study said.
   
Her next question was whether the discrimination still held true for exceptionally gifted candidates.
   
She created profiles with excellent school results, skills and experience.
   
This removed discrimination when it came to women, with Jews and Muslims doing just as well as Catholics.
   
But for men, it actually made things worse: a gifted Catholic man was five times more likely to get an interview than a gifted Muslim, and 1.5 times more likely than a Jew.
   
The French government had toyed with the idea of anonymous CVs earlier this year, but preferred to put the emphasis on anti-discrimination training and punishment for offenders.
   
An employer found guilty of discrimination faces up to three years in prison and a fine of €45,000 euros.

Your comments about this article

Today's headlines
Euro 2016
Cantona laments omission of north African-origin players
Cantona won 45 caps for France between 1987 and 1995. Photo: AFP

The omission of Karim Benzema and Hatem Ben Arfa from the France squad for next month's European Championships is a missed opportunity to unite the country in the face of extremism and division, according to ex-international Eric Cantona.

UK rescues 19 migrants from boat in Channel
A boat used in a previous attempt by Iranian refugees to reach the UK. Photo: AFP

The British coastguard said it rescued 19 migrants on Sunday from the Channel after their inflatable boat began to take on water.

BREAKING
Ten children struck by lightning in Paris park
Photo: AFP

Eleven people including ten children have been injured by lightning during a thunderstorm at Parc Monceau in Paris on Saturday.

What to expect when working in a bar in Paris
Photo: Fabrizio Morrola/Flickr

Fancy the idea of a bar job in Paris? There are a few things you need to know first, writes bartender Lauren Belcher.

Five key tips to opening a bank account in France
Photo: Dave Dugdale/Flickr

Avoid the headaches. Read this before opening a bank account in France.

Afghan migrant killed by lorry in Calais
French riot police guard a truck after migrants tried to mount several trucks near the Eurotunnel, near Calais earlier this year. Photo: AFP

A 25-year-old Afghan migrant was killed by a lorry on a motorway near the French port city of Calais in the early hours of Saturday, according to officials.

French PM Valls stakes political career on union fight
A demonstrator wears a sticker featuring France's Prime Minister Manuel Valls last week in Nantes, western France, during a protest against government planned labour law reforms. Photo: AFP

Engaged in a fierce tug of war with unions and some of his own party over labour reforms, France's embattled Prime Minister Manuel Valls has staked his political career on staring down the crisis.

Which of France's strikes could affect Euro 2016?
Photos: AFP

A series of ongoing strikes in France could continue to affect the country throughout the Euro 2016 tournament, which starts in just two weeks.

Fuel crisis eases as French police unblock depots
Tires on fire in front of an oil depot near the Total refinery of Donges, western France, on Friday. Photo: AFP

After a week of fuel shortages in France, things are improving in time for the weekend.

Opinion - French strikes
'Stop pissing everyone off': French boss to union chief
Philippe Martinez, the head of the CGT union. Photo: AFP

In an open letter to the man attempting to bring France to a standstill, a business owner tells him to stop "living in the past" and stop "pissing everyone off".

National
Which of France's strikes could affect Euro 2016?
Sponsored Article
Eat, learn, live: unforgettable holidays in France
'You're not welcome': French police chief warns English yobs
How to avoid running out of fuel if you're coming to France
National
It's Neighbours' Day! But what does it all mean?
National
The French fuel crisis for dummies: 27 key questions
National
The trials and tribulations of moving to rural France
National
Five free smartphone apps to help you find petrol in France
National
A complete guide to France's (many) ongoing strikes
Culture
Paris: Street artist makes the Louvre pyramid disappear
Interactive map: Where to find petrol in France
Who is the French union in a 'fight to the death' with the government?
Society
Opinion: Why the French are absolutely right to go on strike
National
Here's why both sides despise France's labour reforms
National
Who is really to blame for the fuel crisis in France?
National
Here are the parts of France hardest hit by the fuel shortages
Travel
It will soon be time to say 'au revoir' to the Paris Metro ticket
Culture
Revealed: The ultimate sex map of France
National
Migrants at Calais camp given dignity in death
International
How good is security at Charles de Gaulle airport?
Culture
How to make a traditional French cassoulet
Culture
IN PICS: Commuter trains in Paris get royal makeover
International
Terror attack 'likeliest cause' of missing EgyptAir plane
International
Who was on board the missing EgyptAir flight from Paris?
2,738
jobs available